Avoiding Plagiarism : Ensuring Your Academic Integrity

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  • Avoiding Plagiarism: Ensuring Your Academic Integrity

  • Plagiarism? What is that?Students frequently hear about plagiarism from teachers, and they hear that they shouldnt plagiarize.

    What is so bad about plagiarism?

    To answer this question, it is helpful to know what plagiarism means.

  • Plagiarism: The DefinitionThe New Oxford American Dictionary defines plagiarism:

    Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone elses work or ideas and passing them off as ones own.Plagiarism. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .

  • Plagiarism: The Current PicturePlagiarism is not a new problem. In the twenty-first century, researchers must be aware that technology greatly aids educators in detecting and penalizing plagiarists.

  • Plagiarism: The Current PictureTeachers and professors can detect plagiarism by using the Internet and programs such as Turnitin.com, and students must understand that their work may be available online for many years and may be immediately, internationally checkable.

  • Plagiarism: The Current PictureGathering resources is an essential part of research, and students need to know the ways that researchers can legally and ethically utilize the work of others.

  • Plagiarism: Why is it wrong?Plagiarism is wrong for both legal and ethical reasons.

  • Plagiarism: Violating the Rights of OthersIntellectual property is a work or invention that is the result of creativity, such as a manuscript or a design, to which one has rights and for which one may apply for a patent, copyright, trademark, etc.

    Plagiarists steal a creative persons intellectual property.Intellectual Property. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .

  • Plagiarism: Violating the Rights of OthersPublished work is usually protected by copyright.Copyright: the exclusive and assignable legal right, given to the originator for a fixed number of years, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material.Copyright. Concise OED. Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford UP, 2004. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .

  • Plagiarism: Compromising Your EthicsIt may feel easy to plagiarize, but there can be personal losses as well. You could impede your educational development and jeopardize the esteem of people you admire if you are caught.

  • Plagiarism: Why Should You Care?Plagiarists lie by saying that submitted work is their own.Plagiarists miss the educational opportunity to use their own ideas and skills.Plagiarism is essentially theft.Law suits have been filed against plagiarists.Students have been expelled, degrees have been rescinded, and employers have released employees following confirmation of plagiarism.

  • Plagiarism: What If You Get Caught?Plagiarism is a violation of a major school rule at ReserveHow does the Reserve community view plagiarism?Faculty and library staff are deeply concerned about academic integrityFaculty and library staff will do everything possible to make it hard to plagiarize Faculty and library staff will do everything possible to detect plagiarism

  • Plagiarism: What If You Get Caught?Steps are already in place at Reserve to deal with plagiarism:The first offense of academic dishonesty is usually dealt with by penalizing the student academically.A second offense almost always results in dismissal from school.

  • Plagiarism: Long-term ConsequencesHowever, there can be long-term consequences of plagiarism:Degrees (high school and college) have been rescinded based on proof of plagiarismEmployment contracts have been terminated based on proof of plagiarismLaw suits have been filed because of plagiarismSome people feel fortunate if they have not been caught plagiarizing.

  • Real-life PlagiaristsA Harvard University student is embroiled in controversy when it is discovered that she plagiarized passages of her previously lauded novel. She lost her book deal and her possible movie deal with DreamWorks (Poniewozik and Sachs 184).Workforce Management magazine describes that a corporate CEO received substantial financial penalties after he was caught plagiarizing materials in a management handbook (Marquez 8). An August 4, 2006, article in The Chronicle of Higher Education cites the dismissal of a university professor due to plagiarism (Bartlett 10).

  • Avoiding Plagiarism: The Right WayHow can you legally and ethically incorporate research in your work?

  • Avoiding Plagiarism: The Right WayLocating, synthesizing, and incorporating the work of others is often an important part of doing research.

    Fortunately, the concept of fair use allows researchers to compile information from various sources.According to U.S. copyright law, fair use is the doctrine that copyright material may be quoted verbatim without need for permission from or payment to the copyright holder, provided that attribution is clearly given and that the material quoted is reasonably brief in extent.Fair Use. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .Fair Use:

  • Avoiding Plagiarism: The Right WayCiting Sources:Always cite every source you use in your work, whether you are directly quoting material or paraphrasing!Tools like the program Noodlebib can assist you in making your citations accurate and complete.Sources are usually cited within a document and listed at the end of a project. This list can be called:ReferencesWorks CitedBibliography

  • Avoiding Plagiarism: Setting Yourself Up to Succeed++Taking time to do the right thing isnt always easy, but you can improve your chances of success by creating a research plan. Things to consider:Time ManagementOrganizationPreparationContact with faculty and library staff+=Sense of accomplishment for a job well done!

  • For assistance in citing resources:Contact: Mrs. Miller, Instruction Coordinator, Ong LibraryMs. Bunt, Library Director, Ong LibraryA teacher or writing coachPowerPoint created by: Christina Sent, Instruction Librarian

  • BibliographyBartlett, Thomas. Southern Illinois Chief Fights Copying Charge. Chronicle of Higher Education 52.48 (Aug. 2006): 10. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. WRA Lib., Hudson, OH. 26 Sept. 2006 .Copyright. Concise OED. Ed. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson. Oxford UP, 2004. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .Fair Use. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .Intellectual Property. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .Marquez, Jessica. Sanctions on Raytheon CEO Deemed Fitting. Workforce Management 22 May 2006: 8. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. WRA Lib., Hudson, OH. 26 Sept. 2006 .Plagiarism. New Oxford American Dictionary. Ed. Erin McKean. 2nd ed. Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference Online. 2006. Oxford UP. 26 Sept. 2006 .Poniewozik, James, and Andrea Sachs. An F for Originality. Time 8 May 2006: 184. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. WRA Lib., Hudson, OH. 26 Sept. 2006 .