Baroque Music

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Baroque Music. The Classical Era. The Romantic Era. The Turn of the Century. Atonality. Fountain Marcel Duchamp, 1917. The Starry Night Vincent van Gogh, 1889. The Scream Edvard Munch, 1893. Composition VII Wassily Kandinsky, 1913. The 20 th Century. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Baroque Music

  • Baroque Music

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  • The Classical Era

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  • The Romantic Era

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  • The Turn of the Century

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  • Atonality

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  • FountainMarcel Duchamp, 1917

  • The Starry NightVincent van Gogh, 1889

  • The ScreamEdvard Munch, 1893

  • Composition VIIWassily Kandinsky, 1913

  • The 20th CenturyExpressionism is the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect.- Reaction against beautiful art- Influenced by WWIExpressionistic music was composed by the Second Viennese School

  • Arnold Schoenberg 1874-1951

    Self taught in composition1904-Began teachingStudents: Alban Berg, Anton Webern1908-Wife left him for loverIncreased dissonance in compositions 1933-Forced into exile by Hitler, moved to US

  • Arnold SchoenbergCompositional Periods:- Late Romantic, Expressionism (Atonality), Serialism1908-Abandoned tonality (Atonality)Second QuartetFree Atonality- Notes are used without regard for their traditional relationships- No Key = emancipation of dissonancePierrot LunnaireSetting of 21 poems for voice and chamber ensembleSprechstimme- Spoken voice

  • Arnold Schoenberg12-Tone Technique (Serialism): All 12 tones are equalBasis of composition: tone rowAn ordered arrangement of the twelve notes of the chromatic scaleRules for composition:The set is a specific ordering of all twelve notes of the scale. No note is repeated within the set The set may be stated in any of its "linear aspects"

  • Anton Webern1883-1945Denounced by Nazi PartyReferred to him as degenerate artVery Patriotic, never left GermanyAccidentally shot by an American Soldier during Allied occupation. Compositions:Drastic influence on post-war avant-garde (more influential than Berg)StyleFree Atonality/12-tone techniqueVery short in durationSparse texturesCarefully chosen timbres (detailed instructions) & effects

  • Anton Webern1883-1945Klangfarbenmelodie-Tone color melody breaking up a musical line or melody out from one instrument to between several instruments. Style is called Pointillism (when the music is sparse, with many rests)

  • Alban Berg1885-1935Compositions combine all music from his lifetimeViolin Concerto most popular - 12-tone technique - Quotations (Bach)Wozzeck The first avant-garde opera - Atonal, 12-tone, and Tonal - No Aria or Recit: through composed - Atonality allows subject matter to be truly represented

  • Characters:Wozzeck a soldier (poor folk)Marie Wozzecks mistressSynopsisAct 1 Wozzeck is tortured by his commanding officer & a doctorAct 2 Marie admires earrings her lover has given her. Wozzeck is unsuccessful in confronting themAct 3 Wozzeck murders Marie. When back at the local tavern, people notice blood on his hands. Wozzeck tries to hide the knife in a pond, and wash the blood off of his clothes and drowns. The opera closes on a scene with Wozeck & Maries child.Wozzeck

    *Red = dissonance **No expectation, no realization**Post Impressionist. Like impressionism, not so clearly defined, but there is still the illusion of movement. Obvious brush strokes which help to create swirling wind, different colors of blue paint was mixed ON the canvas, not the pallet. Exaggerated style. Inspired Expressionist movement. Distortion the focal point**I was walking along a path with two friendsthe sun was settingsuddenly the sky turned blood redI paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fencethere was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the citymy friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxietyand I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature What sex? Who is behind him. Distortion **What is this painting about? He chooses black lines not to draw a shape, but because of the depth of feeling they add, and the way they direct the motion of the painting.Without subject matter, the painting is allowed to have any or all subject matter. STILL ON CANVAS-Traditional**Joined artistic social circles (Mahler, Strauss), First teaching position in Boston, then LA**no longer seeks the justification of resolution. Consequently structural harmony disappears, along with its need for measured periods and consistent textures, and so does tonality itself as a central point of reference. **Music must have structurehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qh8oMU_ZBB4http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=90cgDmMhh0EPierrot Lunaire (Mondenstrunken): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XxHzG-qliQk&feature=related (Expressionism)Survivor from Warsaw: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGWai0SEpUQ (:30) (Serialism)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-fyWc6Mpd8**Denounced before they seized power.*http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKZt6nPrKJQhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBf2K4S4Nmkhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fQmXU-XMCIshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UOnFKLvonQw (1:08)*www.youtube.com/watch?v=UEMMf_ZFo9E&feature=relatedthe inevitability of hardship and exploitation for the poor http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XBc_wUJCXbw&feature=related