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Basic Firefighting

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Basic Firefighting. The foundation for everything firefighting task you perform. Incident Priorities. Life Safety - Including the lives of firefighters and civilians Incident Stabilization - Put the fire out, get the patient out of the vehicle, etc. Property Conservation. Tactical Priorities. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Basic Firefighting

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Basic FirefightingThe foundation for everything firefighting task you perform

1Incident PrioritiesLife Safety - Including the lives of firefighters and civiliansIncident Stabilization - Put the fire out, get the patient out of the vehicle, etc.Property Conservation

2Tactical PrioritiesWhat are the activities that need to be accomplished?RECEO VSRescueExposureConfinementExtinguishmentOverhaulVentilationSalvage3Size UpCOAL WAS WEALTHThis is the 13 point size up used to assist fire officers and firefighters prior to and arrival upon a working fire. ConstructionOccupancyApparatusLife Safety HazardWater SupplyAppliancesStreet ConditionsWeatherExposuresArea and HeightLocation & Extent Of FireTime of DayHazardous Materials4

ADWhat side of the building are you on?The street side of the building usually gets the A side designation5Stages Of A FireIncipient Stage - Early stage of the fire where fire is contained to area of origin. Fire may be controlled with water can.

Growth Stage - Stage of fire where fuel and oxygen is plentiful. Hot gases from the products of combustion begin to accumulate in the room. Flashover is a major danger in this stage.

Fully Developed Stage - Entire contents of the room have been consumed, including fuel and oxygen. Temperatures in excess of 1200 degrees.

Decay Stage - Fuel has been consumed along with oxygen. Can still have high heat and possibility of backdraft is great.6Types Of AttackDirect Attack - Most efficient use of water, where water is put directly on the burning fuel.

Indirect Attack - Use of a fog stream through a window to cool gases and possibly the fuel. Done from a safer spot outside of structure

Combination - Using the fire stream in either a circular or z pattern to cool both the gases and hit the fuel of the fire directly.7Dangerous Fireground ConditionsBACKDRAFTFLASHOVERFLAMEOVER/ROLLOVER8

FLAMEOVER/ROLLOVER9FLASHOVER

10BACKDRAFT

Puffing Smoke Yellow-GraySmoke Walls Too Hot to Touch Dull Orange Glow or Visible Fire DarkenedWindows Rattling Windows Hot UnbrokenGlass11

12

13READING SMOKEThree Reasons Why We Read Smoke

1. Determine how much fire2. Location of fire3. Possible collapse14

REMEMBER!

Smoke is a fuel and can ignite or explode15Volume Velocity (Pressure)DensityColor4 Key Points To Read

16THE END17