Basic photography - Composition & light Jim Lucas Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies.

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<ul><li><p>Basic photography - Composition &amp; lightJim LucasCommunity, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies</p></li><li><p>Keep it simpleKeep background unclutteredAvoid mergersHave single dominant subject</p></li><li><p>Working with anglesLow anglesClear sky backdropAccentuate movement or actionHigh angleEliminate cloudy skyAvoid centered horizonsUse the lightEmphasize a point, tone</p></li><li><p>Have a strong center of interestTake pictures at different angles with different compositionsWork around the rule of thirds</p></li><li><p>BalanceBalance color and weight in a pictureFormal and informalSymmetrical and asymmetrical</p></li><li><p>Work with lineLine leads the eyeDiagonalsS-curvesStatic vs. dynamic linesShape</p></li><li><p>Use framesAdds depthShould fit themeWatch focus on foregroundFocus on foreground in landscapeFocus on subject in portraitsAuto-focus should be centered on main topicOverallDEPENDS ON CAMERA</p></li><li><p>Fill the frameWould this picture look better if I was closer?Focus on subjectDetailStart far and move closerFill the frame with objects that fitLong range shots provide depth and perspective</p></li><li><p>Action shotsHigh shutter speedTelephoto lensLonger lens means faster shutter speedStopping motionFar is easier than nearStraight is easier than diagonalDiagonal is easier than right anglesPanning</p></li><li><p>Pick a good light directionThree light directionsFront - sunny with high colorSide - depth and textureBack - dynamic but challenging; silhouettes and water effects</p></li><li><p>ContrastHard vs. soft lightSunny days high contrast (hard light)Cloudy days low contrast (soft light)Portraits often use soft light (shaded area)Flash will reduce contrastSoft light helps with color variations</p></li><li><p>ColorColor changes with daylightFilm does not react to color shifts as the eye doesColor sets a tone as in art or design</p></li><li><p>LandscapesEquipment neededWide angle lensTelephoto lens (100 300mm)TripodHood and filters</p></li><li><p>Landscape tipsTake pictures at the start and end of the dayAnticipate weather changesDiffused light can highlight patterns and texturesBright light highlights monochrome colorsMove around to exclude or block objects from view</p></li><li><p>SunsetsInclude shadowed image for interestLess time closer to the equator to takeOften best after the sun has actually gone down</p></li><li><p>Exterior shotsPlain backgroundOut of focusLow angle shot against skyComplimentary to shotMove subject</p></li><li><p>Objects in the landscapeAdd scale, depth and focal pointsUse items to add interest to common or simple scenesLook for incongruities</p></li><li><p>WildlifeEquipment needed200/400 speed filmTelephoto lens (100 300mm)Macro lensTripod</p></li><li><p>Wildlife tipsFill the frameAvoid barriersShoot against the glass if in a carBlur background, or find simple oneFocus on the eyesGo for natural poses, growls, yawns, etc.</p></li><li><p>GardensEquipment neededWide angle lensMacro lensWindbreakFilters</p></li><li><p>Garden tipsStrong diffused light is generally bestespecially for single bloomsMacro lensCan help you get a 1:1 rationAvoid shadowing your subjectHave smaller aperture to allow more depth of fieldWithout macro = 4 foot minimum</p></li><li><p>Take-away pointsExperimentMoveWait</p></li><li><p>Uncluttered background, dominant subjectSingle dominant subjectAvoid mergersAvoid mergersCluttered backgrounds, no single dominant subject, mergers and dont cut people in halfLow angle Low angle and accentuate movementAvoid center horizonAllow for room to run off pageBalance wheelsFormal vs informalBalance of color and weightSymmetrical - balanced proportions versus asymmetrical - unbalanced proportionsStatic line vs dynamic lineDirectional Straight and S-curve lineDiagonalsShape directional DepthFits themeFill the frame which one could be improved?How would you improve it? - move closer or zoomFill with objects that fitFrontsunny with high colorSidedepth and texture</p><p>Back lighting dynamic but challenging; silhouettes and water effects</p><p>Sunny versus cloudyColor changes with daylightColor changes with light sourceColor sets toneTonePain backgroundLow angleFrontsunny with high color</p></li></ul>


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