Basic Statistics 2016

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  • 2016BASICSTATISTICS

    Social Indicators

    LandPopulation

    National AccountsPricesMoneyBalance of PaymentsReservesExternal DebtCentral Government Finance

    Economic Research and RegionalCooperation Department

    Development Economics and Indicators Division

    www.adb.org

    April 2016

    16

    + Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Lao PDR use the 2005 PPP conversion factors and $1.25 a day poverty line.* Refers to estimates/preliminary figures. Differs from standard definition; or refers to only part of the country. Lao PDR = Lao Peoples Democratic Republic1 - 2008 2 - 2009 3 - 2010 4 - 2011 5 - 2012 6 - 2013 7 - 2014 8 - 2015 denotes data not available from 2008 denotes value equal to zero 0 or 0.0 denotes value is less than half of unit employed n.a. denotes not applicableData Sources: Online databases from international organizations (Food and Agriculture Organization, International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, International Union for Conservation of Nature-United Nations Environment Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific

    Community, United Nations Childrens Fund, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization); ADB. 2016. Asian Development Outlook 2016. Manila; economy sources; staff estimates.

    Land and Population

    DEVELOPING MEMBER ECONOMY

    LAND POPULATION

    Total Surface Area

    Total Average Annual Growth Rate

    Density

    (persons per km2 of total surface area)

    Total Fertility Rate

    (births per woman)

    Age Dependency Ratio

    (Number of persons aged

  • 26

    + Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Lao PDR use the 2005 PPP conversion factors and $1.25 a day poverty line.* Refers to estimates/preliminary figures. Differs from standard definition; or refers to only part of the country. Lao PDR = Lao Peoples Democratic Republic1 - 2008 2 - 2009 3 - 2010 4 - 2011 5 - 2012 6 - 2013 7 - 2014 8 - 2015 denotes data not available from 2008 denotes value equal to zero 0 or 0.0 denotes value is less than half of unit employed n.a. denotes not applicableData Sources: Online databases from international organizations (Food and Agriculture Organization, International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, International Union for Conservation of Nature-United Nations Environment Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific

    Community, United Nations Childrens Fund, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization); ADB. 2016. Asian Development Outlook 2016. Manila; economy sources; staff estimates.

    Social Indicators

    DEVELOPING MEMBER ECONOMY

    SOCIAL INDICATORS (Latest Available Year)

    Proportion of Population Below the Poverty Line

    Poverty Gap Ratio

    at$1.90 (PPP)

    a day

    Share of Poorest Quintile in National Income or

    Consumption

    Growth Rate of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

    Per Person Employed

    Employment-to-Population Ratio

    Proportion of Employed People Living Below $1.90

    (PPP) Per Day

    Proportion of Own-Account and Contributing Family Workers in

    Total Employment

    Prevalence of Underweight Children Under 5 Years of Age

    Proportion of Population Below Minimum Level of Dietary

    Energy Consumption

    National $1.90 purchasing

    power parity (PPP) a day (%) (%) (% at 1990 PPP dollars) (% of population aged 15

    years and above)(%) (%) (%) (%)

    (% of population)

    2014 2012 2012 2012 2015 2013 2012 2013 2013 20142016

    AfghanistanArmeniaAzerbaijanBangladeshBhutanBrunei Darussalam CambodiaChina, Peoples Republic ofCook IslandsFijiGeorgiaHong Kong, ChinaIndiaIndonesiaKazakhstanKiribatiKorea, Republic ofKyrgyz RepublicLao Peoples Democratic RepublicMalaysiaMaldivesMarshall IslandsMicronesia, Federated States ofMongoliaMyanmarNauruNepalPakistanPalauPapua New GuineaPhilippinesSamoaSingaporeSolomon IslandsSri LankaTaipei,ChinaTajikistanThailandTimor-LesteTongaTurkmenistanTuvaluUzbekistanVanuatuViet Nam

    39.1 ... ... ... ... 45.7 4 ... ... 25 26.830.0 2.4 6 0.6 6 8.5 6 -0.4 53.2 2.2 6 42.4 5 3 5.8

    5.0 ... ... ... 1.4 61.4 ... 56.4 5

  • 36

    + Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Lao PDR use the 2005 PPP conversion factors and $1.25 a day poverty line.* Refers to estimates/preliminary figures. Differs from standard definition; or refers to only part of the country. Lao PDR = Lao Peoples Democratic Republic1 - 2008 2 - 2009 3 - 2010 4 - 2011 5 - 2012 6 - 2013 7 - 2014 8 - 2015 denotes data not available from 2008 denotes value equal to zero 0 or 0.0 denotes value is less than half of unit employed n.a. denotes not applicableData Sources: Online databases from international organizations (Food and Agriculture Organization, International Labour Organization, International Telecommunication Union, International Union for Conservation of Nature-United Nations Environment Programme, Secretariat of the Pacific

    Community, United Nations Childrens Fund, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, United Nations Statistics Division, World Bank, World Health Organization); ADB. 2016. Asian Development Outlook 2016. Manila; economy sources; staff estimates.

    Social Indicators

    DEVELOPING MEMBER ECONOMY

    SOCIAL INDICATORS (Latest Available Year)

    Total Net Enrolment Ratio in Primary Education

    Proportion of Pupils Starting Grade 1 Who Reach Last Grade

    of Primary

    Literacy Rate of 15 to 24-Year-olds

    Ratio of Girls to Boys in Education

    Share of Women in Wage Employment in the

    Non-agricultural Sector

    Proportion of Seats Held by Women in National

    Parliament

    Under-Five Mortality Rate

    Infant Mortality Rate

    Proportion of 1-Year-old Children Immunized Against

    Measles

    (deaths per 1,000 live births)

    (deaths per 1,000 live births)

    (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)

    2014 2013 2015 2014

    Total Female Male Total Female Male Total Female Male Primary Secondary Tertiary 2013 2015 2015 2015 2014

    AfghanistanArmeniaAzerbaijanBangladeshBhutanBrunei Darussalam CambodiaChina, Peoples Republic ofCook IslandsFijiGeorgiaHong Kong, ChinaIndiaIndonesiaKazakhstanKiribatiKorea, Republic ofKyrgyz RepublicLao Peoples Democratic RepublicMalaysiaMaldivesMarshall IslandsMicronesia, Federated States ofMongoliaMyanmarNauruNepalPakistanPalauPapua New GuineaPhilippinesSamoaSingaporeSolomon IslandsSri LankaTaipei,ChinaTajikistanThailandTimor-LesteTongaTurkmenistanTuvaluUzbekistanVanuatuViet Nam

    85.7 70.6 100.0 ... ... ... 58.2 46.3 69.6 0.70 0.56 0.34 4 18.4 1 28 91 66 66... ... ... 90.2 90.4 90.0 99.8 99.9 99.8 1.16 2 1.17 2 1.23 43.5 11 14 13 97

    99.2 98.4 100.0 97.3 99.9 95.1 100.0 99.9 100.0 0.99 0.99 1.14 42.6 17 32 28 9894.5 3 96.5 3 92.6 3 66.2 2 70.6 2 61.9 2 83.2 85.8 80.6 1.06 4 1.08 6 0.72 5 18.3 3 20 38 31 8989.0 90.3 87.7 78.9 5 79.4 5 78.3 5 88.6 87.3 89.9 1.01 1.07 0.74 6 26.3 5 9 33 27 9799.9 99.8 100.0 96.4 4 95.1 4 97.6 4 99.6 99.7 99.5 1.00 1.00 1.69 ... ... 10 9 9795.0 93.9 96.0 46.9 54.6 40.8 91.5 91.9 91.1 0.95 0.85 1 0.62 4 40.9 5 20 29 25 94

    ... ... ... ... ... ... 99.7 99.7 99.7 1.00 6 1.02 6 1.14 6 ... 24 11 9 9998.6 97.3 100.0 76.6 5 74.0 5 79.0 5 ... ... ... 0.97 1.10 3.37 47.5 4 13 7 8 7 9897.0 6 98.4 6 95.8 6 97.2 5 96.3 5 98.0 5 ... ... ... 1.01 6 1.11 5 ... ... 14 22 19 9499.4 100.0 98.8 98.7 98.7 98.6 99.8 99.8 99.7 1.01 1.00 1.26 47.3 11 12 11 9299.7 99.3 100.0 98.4 98.9 98.1 ... ... ... 0.99 0.96 1.15 49.6 5 ... ... 1 ...95.0 6 98.6 6 91.8 6 ... ... ... 89.6 87.2 91.8 1.12 6 1.01 6 0.94 6 19.3 3 12 48 38 8393.3 6 93.8 6 92.8 6 81.8 5 ... ... 99.0 99.1 98.9 1.00 6 0.97 6 1.11 6 35.1 17 27 23 77

    100.0 8 100.0 8 100.0 8 98.8 7 98.7 7 98.8 7 99.8 99.9 99.8 1.00 8 1.03 8 1.28 8 50.6 26 14 13 9997.6 100.0 95.4 ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.04 1.10 1 n.a. 43.9 3 7 56 44 9196.5 96.1 96.8 99.6 99.5 99.7 ... ... ... 0.99 0.99 0.75 43.1 16 3 3 9999.5 99.1 100.0 98.8 99.7 98.0 99.7 99.8 99.7 0.99 1.01 1.29 6 41.5 19 21 19 9695.1 94.3 95.9 77.6 79.1 76.2 90.2 87.3 93.1 0.95 0.91 0.93 34.6 3 25 67 51 87

    ... ... ... ... ... ... 98.4 98.5 98.3 ... ... ... 39.2 10 7 6 9499.3 2 98.5 2 100.0 2 82.2 5 84.5 5 79.8 5 99.8 99.5 100.0 0.97 2 ... 1.12 1 40.5 3 6 9 7 9999.7 4 99.4 4 100.0 4 83.5 1 79.5 1 87.3 1 ... ... ... 0.99 4 1.03 2 0.92 5 36.7 4 9 36 30 7987.3 88.5 86.3 ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.99 ... ... 37.9 3 0 35 29 9195.6 95.0 96.2 ... ... ... 98.5 99.0 98.1 0.98 1.03 1.44 49.9 5 15 22 19 9894.5 90.8 98.2 74.8 2 77.5 2 72.2 2 96.3 96.3 96.3 0.97 1.03 1.23 5 ... 10 50 40 8688.1 85.8 90.3 ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.92 1.02 n.a. 37.6 4 5 35 29 9897.1 8 96.4 8 97.9 8 70.1 7 71.7 7 68.4 7 89.9 87.4 92.6 1.08 8 1.07 8 0.82 6 ... 30 36 29 8879.3 72.9 85.2 79.6 74.8 83.6 75.6 69.3 81.5 0.85 0.79 1.06 12.6 1 21 81 66 6399.3 98.5 100.0 ... ... ... 99.8 99.8 99.8 0.96 1.06 1.55 6 ... 0 16 14 8387.2 5 83.6 5 90.4 5 ... ... ... 72.4 78.8 66.3 0.91 5 0.76 5 ... ... 3 57 45 6598.0 6 100.0 6 96.2 6 75.8 1 80.0 1 72.0 1 97.9 98.9 97.0 1.00 6 1.10 6 1.28 41.5 27 28 22 8899.2 100.0 98.5 90.0 4 89.3 4 90.7 4 99.2 99.4 98.9 1.00 1.12 ... 39.3 4 6 18 15 91

    ... ... ... 98.7 1 98.8 1 98.5 1 99.9 99.9 99.9 ... ... ... 46.8 23 3 2 95

    ... ... ... 71.5 68.9 73.9 ... ... ... 0.97 0.94 5 n.a. 33.2 2 2 28 24 9397.3 96.4 98.2 98.2 98.1 98.3 98.8 99.2 98.4 0.98 1.05 6 1.49 32.4 6 10 8 99

    ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.01 1.01 1.10 45.2 8 ... ... 4 7 ...98.7 8 98.8 8 98.5 8 98.6 7 99.0 7 98.3 7 99.9 99.9 99.9 1.00 8 0.90 6 0.67 8 28.9 2 19 45 39 9896.5 2 95.9 2 97.2 2 ... ... ... 98.2 98.2 98.3 0.98 6 1.07 6 1.34 6 45.2 6 12 11 9998.4 100.0 96.9 81.2 85.0 77.7 82.4 82.9 81.9 0.99 1.08