Beginning of the Cold War and 1950s Jeopardy Review

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Slide 2 Beginning of the Cold War and 1950s Jeopardy Review Slide 3 Slide 4 1. Who developed a vaccine for the crippling disease poliomyelitis or Polio? Slide 5 Slide 6 Dr. Jonas Salk Slide 7 2. It caused fear that the USSR had gained a military superiority, and raised concerns about the state of Americas science education. Slide 8 Slide 9 The 1957 Soviet launch of Sputnik I Slide 10 3. What is the foreign policy favored by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that advocated never backing down in dealing with the Soviet Union and pushing negotiations to the brink of nuclear war? Slide 11 3. What is the foreign policy favored by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles that advocated never backing down in dealing with the Soviet Union and pushing negotiations to the brink of nuclear war? Slide 12 Brinkmanship Slide 13 4. Established the CIA, reorganized the military under a new Department of Defense, and created the National Security Council. Slide 14 Slide 15 4. This established the CIA, reorganized the military under a new Department of Defense, and created the National Security Council. The National Security Act of 1947? Slide 16 5. What was Trumans extension of Roosevelts New Deal that included proposals for a nationwide system of compulsory health insurance and a crop- subsidy system? Slide 17 Slide 18 Fair Deal Slide 19 6. Who is William J. Levitt? Slide 20 Slide 21 6. William J. Levitt The the Henry Ford of housing by mass-producing affordable, two-bedroom houses in suburban communities. Slide 22 7. What caused the Red Scare in the late 1940s and early 1950s? Slide 23 Slide 24 Mao Zedongs establishment of a Communist government in China, fear of Soviet expansion, and the Republicans desire to discredit the Democrats and recapture the presidency. Slide 25 8. What is the foreign policy doctrine that committed the U.S. to policing the Mid-East to keep out Communism? Slide 26 Slide 27 The Eisenhower Doctrine Slide 28 9. What was the largest company in the world during the 1950s and a leader of the American economy? Slide 29 Slide 30 General Motors Slide 31 10. Its capture in 1960 undermined Eisenhowers efforts to ease tensions between the U.S. and the USSR. Slide 32 Slide 33 What is the U-2 spy plane piloted by Gary Powers and shot down over the Soviet Union on May 1, 1960? Slide 34 11. A program of financial aid to rebuild European countries after WWII and to stabilize them against Communism. Slide 35 Slide 36 What is the Marshall Plan? Slide 37 12. Who gained power in Russia after Stalin died? Slide 38 Slide 39 Khrushchev Slide 40 13. Who is Jackie Robinson Slide 41 Slide 42 First African American to play in major league baseball: the Brooklyn Dodgers, 1947 Slide 43 14. What is the name of the first satellite that the Soviet Union launched? Slide 44 Slide 45 Sputnik Slide 46 15. What are the characteristics of families portrayed on 1950s T.V. programs. Slide 47 Slide 48 White, middle class, nuclear families with traditional gender roles. Slide 49 16. The GI Bill Slide 50 Slide 51 What is the Servicemans Readjustment Act, signed by FDR in 1944 to give returning veterans money for education or training, and low-cost loans for businesses and housing. Slide 52 17. Her refusal to stand up and move touched off a year-long boycott, a legal challenge to public transportation segregation laws, and catapulted Martin Luther King, Jr. to national prominence. Slide 53 Slide 54 Who is Rosa Parks? Slide 55 18. The Consumer demand, federal defense spending, and technological advances such as the first introduction of mainframe computers did what? Slide 56 Slide 57 What fueled the economic prosperity of the 1950s? Slide 58 19. He accused several government officials of being Communists and led investigations of them. Slide 59 Slide 60 Who is Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy? Slide 61 20. What happened to Rosie the Riveter? (i.e. women with wartime jobs) Slide 62 Slide 63 Most quit their jobs and returned home, but more were working outside the home in 1959 than in 1950. Slide 64 21. It kept West Berlin from falling under Soviet control. Slide 65 Slide 66 What is the Berlin Airlift from June 1948 to May 1949. Slide 67 22. Who fought in the Korean War? Slide 68 Slide 69 The United States, South Korea, North Korea, China, and a small number of U.N. troops. Slide 70 23. What caused the rapid expansion of television in the 1950s? Slide 71 Slide 72 Creation of a nationwide network of transmission towers and signal relays, new broadcasts by ABC, NBC, and CBS, and the affordability of receivers. Slide 73 24. What was the Federal Interstate and Defense Highway Act ? Slide 74 Slide 75 What 1956 law appropriated $25 billion to construct a system of interstate highways to improve transportation in the U.S. and, if necessary, facilitate the move- ment of troops and weapons? Slide 76 25. What name did disc jockey Alan Freed give to an energetic style of music with a strong back beat, initially performed by Black musicians, that became popular with 1950s teenagers? Slide 77 Slide 78 Rock n Roll Slide 79 26. Bomb shelters, duck-and- cover drills, and shelter signs on city buildings. Slide 80 Slide 81 What were measures taken by homeowners, school, and city officials in the 1950s to prepare for a nuclear attack. Slide 82 27. What Supreme Court decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson by ruling that separate but equal school facilities for Blacks and Whites were unconstitutional? Slide 83 Slide 84 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas Slide 85 29. Who was Jack Kerouac? Slide 86 Slide 87 Well-known writer of the Beat Generation, who wrote his best- known book, On the Road, in 20 days and published it in 1957. Slide 88 30. It authorized military action against North Korean invaders of the South. Slide 89 Slide 90 What is the United Nations? Slide 91 31. 38 th parallel Slide 92 Slide 93 What was the border between North and South Korea at both the start and end of the Korean War? Slide 94 32. Why did Truman remove General Douglas MacArthur in 1953? Slide 95 Slide 96 Because he was insubordinate and wanted to attack China directly. Slide 97 33. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Slide 98 Slide 99 Who are the husband and wife executed in 1953 for giving nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union? Slide 100 34. Who were the Hollywood 10? Slide 101 Slide 102 Who were a group of 10 Hollywood writers who refused to cooperate with the House Un- American Activities Committees 1947 investigation of communists in Hollywood. Slide 103 35. Why were Richard Nixon and Alger Hiss important? Slide 104 Slide 105 Who were a young Congressman from California elected in 1946 and a State Department employee accused by Nixon of being a Soviet spy and jailed for seven years? Slide 106 36. Who were the Baby boomers? Slide 107 Slide 108 What name is given to the 76 million children born between 1946 and 1964? Slide 109 37. The Iron Curtain Slide 110 Slide 111 What phrase did Winston Churchill coin in 1946 to describe the forced segregation of Eastern Europe from the West? Slide 112 38. What was the Truman Doctrine? Slide 113 Slide 114 What is the foreign policy that committed the U.S. to support free people resisting subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressure? Slide 115 39. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Slide 116 Slide 117 What is the mutual defense pact the U.S. entered with Canada and 10 European nations in 1949? Slide 118 40. The Nuremberg Trials Slide 119 Slide 120 What were the trials of Nazi leaders for war crimes before an international tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany? Slide 121 41. What name is sometimes given to the Constitution of Japan because Douglas MacArthur directed the democratization of Japan during the period of U.S. occupation from 1946 to 1952? Slide 122 Slide 123 The MacArthur Constitution Slide 124 42. Thirty-six thousand Americans died here but war was never declared. Slide 125 Slide 126 Where is Korea between 1950 and 1953? Slide 127 43. What is the diplomatic philosophy, championed by George F. Kennan, of staunchly resisting Communism wherever it tried to expand in the world? Slide 128 Slide 129 Containment Slide 130 44. Communist rebels in Turkey and Greece plus Britains post- war economic hardships led to the formulation of this U.S. foreign policy Slide 131 Slide 132 45. Communist rebels in Turkey and Greece plus Britains post- war economic hardships led to the formulation of this U.S. foreign policy What is the Truman Doctrine? Slide 133 46. This new communication and entertainment medium contributed to the discrediting of Joseph McCarthy in 1954 Slide 134 Slide 135 What is television? Slide 136 Final Jeopardy Category Cold War in Asia Slide 137 U.S.-supported leader of the Nationalist Chinese who fled to Formosa after being defeated by Mao Zedongs Communists Who is Chiang Kai-shek