Ellen was sorting terms into groups for a class assignment. She
placed these terms together: hurricane, thunderstorm, cyclone She
needs to make a title for these terms. Which title below would be
BEST for her group of terms?
A Weather events that are created by ocean tidesB Weather events
that are caused by volcanic eruptionsC Weather events that occur
from heating of the earth's ionosphere onlyD Weather events that
develop as water evaporates from oceans and other large bodies of
waterBelow is a diagram of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge on the ocean
What is causing this ridge to spread apart?
A Two tectonic plates crashing into each other B One tectonic
plate being pushed under another C Two tectonic plates moving
alongside each other D Two tectonic plates moving away from each
Ashanti is calculating the density of various objects, so she
measures the mass and volume of each object. Which units will
Ashanti most likely use to express density?Answer Choices
A Grams per milliliterB Deciliters per gramC Kilograms per
deciliterD Milliliters per centigramClaudius Ptolemy believed that
the Earth was the center of the universe and that the planets and
sun revolved around it. Centuries later, Nicolaus Copernicus
studied this model and argued that the Earth and other planets
actually revolve around the sun. Which statement is correct? Answer
A Ptolemy argued that the planets revolved around the sun.B
Neither model was valuable as they were both proven incorrect.C
Only Ptolemy's model of the universe correctly explained the
seasons.D Copernicus used information from Ptolemy's model to
develop his own model of the universeThunderstorms often form when
warm air at earth's surface meets with a cold front and rises.
Based on this information, when is a thunderstorm most likely to
A MidnightB Late morningC Late afternoonD Early morningWhich of
the following is NOT a part of the Milky Way galaxy?
A The moonB TheEarthC The universeD The solar systemWhat is
located beneath soil layers?
A LavaB HumusC TundraD BedrockThe diagram below represents the
formation of one type of precipitation in a cloud.
Which type of precipitation is formed as shown?
A HailB RainC SnowD Sleet
Which of the following diagrams shows the full moon phase as
represented by the relative position of the Earth and the
The weather map below shows a cold front approaching Tulsa,
Oklahoma. The table shows the weather forecast for Tulsa.
Which statement correctly describes the weather data?Answer
A The weather map describes wind speed.B The weather map
specifies the temperature of the area.C The weather forecast
indicates how large the cold front is.D The weather forecast
indicates the time it takes the front to move.
Scientists measured the volume of water flowing in a river and
the amount of sediment carried in the river. The data they
collected is in the table below.
When did the river have the greatest volume and carry the
largest load of sediment?Answer Choices
A JanuaryB FebruaryC MarchD April
The given figure shows the position of the sun, the moon, and
the Earth at a particular time.
What does this position of the sun, the moon and the Earth
A A solar eclipseB A lunar eclipseC A new moon phaseD A quarter
The BESTevidence that two land areas were once connected is the
discovery that both land masses
A Have the same climateB Are in the same stage of successionC
Exist along the same line of longitudeD Have similar types of rocks
and fossilsThe graph below shows the average monthly temperature of
a town in Africa.
Which conclusion is supported by the data shown in the
A The hottest day of the year occurred in August.B The coldest
day of the year occurred in October.C April, May, and June are the
warmest months of the year.D July, August, and September are the
coldest months of the year.
The Earth and our solar system are located in the _____
A SagittariusB Milky WayC AndromedaD Canis MajorUse the
thermometer to answer the question.
What is the air temperature?Answer Choices
A 70CB 25CC 50FD 20F
Normally, trade winds cause warm surface water to build up in
the western Pacific. This causes deep, cooler water to flow
eastward as shown.
During El Nio, trade winds decrease and warm surface water flows
Which of these would MOST LIKELYresult fromEl Nio?Answer
A Winds over the western Pacific become colder.B Air
temperatures over the eastern Pacific increase.C Water temperatures
in the western Pacific increase.D Weather conditions in the eastern
Pacific become clear and cool.
Which of these is an example of a nonrenewable energy
A WindB SolarC WaterD Natural gasAn unusual type of fossil clam
is found in rock layers high in the Swiss Alps. The same type of
fossil clam is also found in the Rocky Mountains of North America.
From this, scientists conclude that
A Glaciers carried the fossils up the mountains.B The Rocky
Mountains and the Swiss Alps are both volcanic in origin.C Clams
once lived in mountains, but have since evolved into sea-dwelling
creatures.D The layers of rocks in which the fossils were found are
from the same geologic age.Which of these has the MOSTinfluence on
A Radiation from the sunB The magnetic field of the EarthC
Electrical forces in the atmosphereD Gravity between the Earth and
the moonWhich BEST describes how igneous rocks form?
A Rocks absorb minerals deposited by rain.B Mountains push down
on lower layers of rock.C Many small rocks collect over time and
harden into one.D Lava from inside Earth cools when it reaches the
surface.Hillsides are sometimes terraced to grow plants. What is
the purpose of using terraces?
Answer Choices A To retain water and soilB To increase wind
erosion C To keep roots from spreading D To provide protection from
animals Waves, currents, and tides keep the ocean moving. Which
force causes tides?
A WindB GravityC SunlightD EvaporationRocks have different
colors because they
A Contain different mineralsB Are stained by different waterC
Were formed at different timesD Are found in many different