BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE METALS OF THE PLATINUM GROUP

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  • DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIORFRANKLIN K. LANE, Secretary

    UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEYGEORGE OTIS SMITH, Director

    Bulletin 694

    BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE METALS OF THE PLATINUM GROUP

    PLATINUM, PALLADIUM, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, OSMIUM, RUTHENIUM

    1748-1917

    BY '* , JAS. LEWIS HO WE

    i , AND

    \* H. C. HOLTZ

    WASHINGTONGOVERNMENT FEINTING OFFICE

    1919

  • r p-v

    /-'

  • CONTENTS.

    Preface................................................................... 5Journals examined in preparation of the bibliography........................ 7Bibliography............................................................. 11Author index............................................................ 455Subject index............................................................. 485

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    230933

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    f

  • BIBLIOGRAPHY OF METALS OF THE PLATINUMGROUP:

    PLATINUM, PALLADIUM, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, OSMIUM, RUTHENIUM.

    1748-1917.

    V By JAS. LEWIS HOWE and H. C. HOLTZ.

    PREFACE.

    By JAS. LEWIS HOWE.

    The purpose of this bibliography is to enumerate the articles upon the metals of the platinum group found in scientific literature to the end of the year 1917. It has been my aim to make tho record of the chemistry of these metals as complete as possible, and it is believed that few references of importance are omitted. Of tho chloroplatinates of organic bases only those early formed or of special interest are considered. Outside of the department of chemistry several divisions of the subject for example, the use of platinum in electrical apparatus, in photography, and in connection with tho X rays have not been followed beyond the earlier references.

    After having been engaged on this work for some time, I obtained a copy of the pamphlet "Fragment einer Monographic des Platins und der Platinmetalle," by 0. Claus. This was published in 1883 by the St. Petersburg Academic des Sciences,' from papers found after Prof. Claus's death, which had occurred more than 20 years before. Only 300 copies of the pamphlet were printed, and it is very rare. Together with other matei'ial it contains a fairly complete bibliography of the platinum metals, brought down to 1861, but unfortunately, probably owing to the illegibility of the manuscript, it suffers from many errors. It is a critical bibliography and hence, owing to the author's unique knowledge of the platinum metals, is very valuable.

    Much of the work on the bibliography to 1896 1 was done in the library of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and in that of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and I have been greatly

    ' Ilowe, J. L., Bibliography of tbe metals of the platinum group, 1748-1896: Smithsonian Misc. Coll., No. 1804,1897.

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  • 6 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF METALS OF PLATINUM GROUP.

    indebted to the librarians for the facilities offered at both these places. Especially valuable was the assistance rendered by the late Dr. Holden, the librarian of the Academy, and more recently by Mrs. Holden. I would also gratefully acknowledge the aid received from my former pupil, Miss M. M. Tevis, and from the late Dr. H. Garrington Bolton, Prof. T. H. Norton, Prof. H. P. Talbot, and many others who can not be enumerated. Dr. Bolton's invaluable "Cata- logue of scientific periodicals" and the Royal Society's catalogue have been freely used and were of great help in the verification of data.

    In 1912 my friend M. Louis Quennessen, of Paris, put into my hands the manuscript of a supplement to the first bibliography, which brought the record of literature down through 1910. This supplement was prepared at the instance of M. Quennessen by Dr. Hendrick Coenraad Holtz, then of Amsterdam, who had spent some years in work on platinum and its congeners under Prof. Duparc at Geneva and M. Quennessen at Paris and had gained an extensive knowledge of the literature of these metals. As this supplement contained few references from English and American journals, I undertook to fill these gaps and later to bring the record -down as nearly as possible to date.

    In this connection appreciation should be expressed for the valuable suggestions and assistance rendered by M. Quennessen; by Mr. James M. Hill, of the United States Geological Survey; by Mr. Edward A. Colby and Dr. F. E. Carter, of Baker

  • JOURNALS EXAMINED IN PREPARATION OP THE BIBLIOGRAPHY. 1

    ^ *Abhandlungen der Koniglich-bohmischen Gesellachaft der Wissenschaften Prague.*Abhandlungen der Kflniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.

    .1 *Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-phyaikalische Classe der Kflniglich-bayeriechen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich (complete to 1888).

    * * *Allgemeinea Journal der Chemie (Scherer).*American Chemical Journal.*American Chemist.* American Journal of Science.

    * *Analyst.,>, *Annalen der Chemie (Pharmacie) (Liebig).* *Annalen der Phyeik (Gren, Gilbert, Poggendorff, Wiediemann) (complete to 1894) >y *Annales de chimie.

    fAnnales de chimie analytique.*Annales de chimie et de physique.*Annales de 1'^cole polytechnique, Delft, 1884 to 1891. fAnnalea de physique.*Annales des mines.

    ' *Annals of Philosophy.^ *Archiv fiir die gesammte Naturlehre (Kastner).

    y *Atti della Accademia delle acienze, Turin.*Atti della Reale accademia dei Lincei, Rome. fBerg- undhuttenmannische Zeitung.

    ,*Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. Berichte der Deutschen physikalischen Geeellschaft.

    * *Berichte tiber die Verhandlungender Koniglich-sachsischen Geaellschatt der Wis- senschaften (from 1897).

    * Beytrage zu den chemischen Annalen (1785-1794). *Bibliotheque britannique. ' ,

    *Bibliotheque universelle de Geneve.*Bihang till Kongliga svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar (to 1898).*Bulletin de I'Acade'mie impMale dea sciences de St.-P6tersbourg.

    y Bulletin de la classe physico-math^matique de I'Acad^mie Impe'riale des sciencesde St.-P6terabourg (vola. 8-17, except 9, 11, 13, 16).

    ^ *Bulletin de la Socie'te' chimique de France.Bulletin de la Socie'te' dea naturalistea, Moscow (1829-1892).

    *^ fBulletin of the American Iron and Steel Association.*Bulletin scientifique publi6 par I'Acade'mie imp6riale dea sciences de St.-Pe'ters-

    bourg.^ *Canadian Chemical Journal. ^ ^Chemical Abstracts.

    ^ t*Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering.*Chemical Gazette.

    | ; *Chemical News.fCb emiker-Zeitung.*Chemiache Annalen (Crell). Chemische Industrie (1885-1892).

    ^ *Chemiaches Journal (Crell).

    > Complete flies of journals marked with an asterisk (*) were examined as far as published or until the flies were held up by censorship. Journals marked with a dagger (f) were completely examined only subsequent to 1896.

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  • 8 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF METALS OF PLATINUM GROUP.

    *Chemisches Zentralblatt (formerly Phannaceutisches Centralblatt and CbemischeaCentralblatt) (from 1832, except 1834,1886, 1888). . !>*

    Chemisch-technischen Mittheilungen (Elsner) (to 1882).*Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des seances de I'Acad&nie. dee sciences.*Edinburgh Journal of Science (Brewster). . . **Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal (Janaeson).*Edinburgh Philosophical Journal. ' fElektrochemische Zeitschrift.Engineering and Mining Journal. **

    fEngineering Magazine. fEngineering News.Forhandlingar i Videnskabs Selskabet, Christiariia (1858-1889, except 1883). ^

    tFortschritte der Chemie, Physik und physikalischen Chemie.*Gazzetta chimica italiana. . **^International Zeitschrift fur Metallographie.*Jahresbericht iiber die Fortschritte der Chemie. V*Jahresbericht iiber die Fortschritte der physischen Wissenschafteii (Berzelius)* Journal de chimie medicale (complete to 1861).

    * Journal des mines.^Journal flir Chemie (Schweiggef).* Journal fiir die Chemie (Gehlen).*Journal fiir praktische Chemie..^Journal fiir technische und 6'konomische Chemie.*Journal of Analytical and Applied Chemistry (Hart).*Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry.^Journal of Physical Chemistry. ...^Journal of the American Chemical Society (except 1886-1890).*Journal (Memoirs and Proceedings) of the Chemical Society, London. tJournal of the Faraday Society. ,*Journal of the Franklin Institute. -*Journal of the Institute of Metals.Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute. .

    ^Journal of the Russian Physical-Chemical Society, t*Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry. f*Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.fKolloid-Zeitschrift. , Kongliga svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar, Stockholm (1804-1S47,.

    1865-1891).*Magazin fiir Pharmacie.*M61anges physiques et chimiques tire's du bulletin physico-mathe'matique, Aca-

    d6mie imp^riale des sciences de St.-Petersbourg. M6moires de 1'Academic impe'riale des sciences de St.-P6tersbourg.

    *M6moires pre"sentes a 1'Academic imp^riale des sciences de St.-Pe"tersbourg pardivers savans dtranges.

    fMemoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.Memorie della Accademia delle scienze dell Istituto di Bologna (to 1891).Memorie della Accademia delle scienze, Turin (1853-18P3, except vol. 18).

    *Memorie della Reale accademia dei Lincei, Rome. ^Metallurgical and Chemical Engineering. fMe'tallurgie.*Mineral Industry. Mining and Scientific Press.

    *Monatsberichte der Koniglich-preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zuBerlin.*Monatshefte der Chemie.

  • JOURNALS EXAMINED. : . . 9

    Monatshefte fur Chemie. . . .. . *Neues allgemeines Journal der Chemie (Gehlen).*Nicholson's Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arta. ; Nova acta Academiae scientiarum imperialis petropolitanae. Nova acta Regiae societatis scientiarum, Upsala (1815-1891). . Oefversigt at Kongliga svenska Vetenskaps Akademiens For

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