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Bicycle Parking at public transport stations in The Netherlands

Folkert Piersma | Project manager | ProRail | Business unit Stations

Content:

1. Bicycle the Netherlands2. ProRail?3. Bicycle and PUBLIC TRANSPORT4. How to develop?5. Parking solutions near railway stations6. Parking solutions near tram & metostations

in Amsterdam7. Orphan bicycles8. Q&A

The Netherlands

Over 17 million inhabitants 20 million bicycles 27% of all journeys by bike 410 railway stations 45% cycles to the train station Bicycles per inhabitant Netherlands 1.2

Denmark 0.8? Sweden 0.7 Japan 0.6 USA 0.5 Canada 0.4 UK 0.4 China 0.4 France 0.3

ProRail Managing the rail infrastructure in the Netherlands

6500 kms rail tracks 410 railway stations 6000 trains a day 1,2 million travelers a day 100.000 tons cargo a day

Including bicycle park facilities at all the 410 railway stations

Program Bicycle parking

By ministry of Infrastructure & environment Started in 1999 Improving the use of the bicycle to the train Already realized: 450.000 places Already spend: ca 450 million To go: 150.000 places To go in s: 300 million Planninghorizon 2030

Railway stations are important for: Public transport providers Property developers City authorities Commercial to go formulas

And of course the travellers

Our challenge:

Organize this mess..

1. on ground level

2. in multi-level bicycle flats

3. on roofs

4. in basements

5. under the tracks

Parking solutions

Why cycling (in the Netherlands)?

Efficient Fast Healthy Good for environment

But most of all: Cheap!

What do Cyclists like?

The shortest and quickest route from A to B

A -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> B

Where do Cyclist want to park their bicycle?

The shortest and quickest way and as close by as

possible before reaching B

A -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> -> B

How do Cyclists want to park their bicycle?Fist off all:

Quickly For free

Also (but less important for the most in the Netherlands): Safe Dry In a pleasant setting

Only 15% of all the cyclists chose for pay parking (guarded)

1. close to the station and easily recognizable2. easily accessible3. easy to use bike racks4. overview and orientation5. direct walking route to the platforms6. friendly staff 7. clear rules for behavior8. strict enforcement of rules

Requirements Bicycle Parking at Railwaystations

capacity calculation

present in use % plus 20% 25% till 2030 15% till 2030

peak & search grow of number train passengers grow of bycicle use

location 1 500 670 134% 804 1.005 1.156

location 2 680 680 100% 816 1.020 1.173

location 3 1250 1360 109% 1.632 2.040 2.346

location 4 370 570 154% 684 855 983

location 5 2800 2460 88% 2.952 3.690 4.244

total 5600 5740 103% 6.888 8.610 9.902

Case study Amsterdam CS (Railwaystation)

2010-2015

Task: parking facilities for 22.000 bicycles in 2030

1. Distance bicycle parking-station2. Logical route3. Accessibility4. Image quality5. Fitting in station concept6. Safe (social and traffic)7. Complexity in construction8. Nuisance during construction9. Planning risks10. Total costs (investment, maintenance and operation)

Important aspects for choosing the best option

1. on ground level

2. in multi-level situations

3. on roofs

4. in basements

5. under the tracks

Parking solutions

Utrecht: 12500 places

10/12/2015 102

Amsterdam loves cyclingsupported by Iris vd Horst (city of Amsterdam)

10/12/2015 103

Bron: Ovin, MON, OVG 1986-2012, DIVV, 2011

Year

104

Avg. length

(2011-2012)

520

39%

Trip

s (

x 1

.00

0)

443

33%

368

27% 280

24%244

21%

628

53%

3 km

6 km

171%

232%

7 km

6 km

Bicycle

Car

Public Tr.

Moped

Number of trips (x 1.000) within Amsterdam per workingday and mode of transport, 1989-2012

553

2011-2012

(no trend)

Walking

New Metro and other busy spots

10/12/2015 105

10/12/2015 106

Standard options

1. In public space, ground level? So not;

2. In a new or a existing building? So not;

3. Underground? So not;

4. ?????

10/12/2015 108

Busstation North: integrated solution for 1900 bicycles

Beurspleinstalling: effect on public space

10/12/2015 109

Beursplein & Leidseplein solution

10/12/2015 110

Possible solution Rokin Station

10/12/2015 111

10/12/2015 112

Public space solution Weteringcirquit

De Pijp

10/12/2015 113

10/12/2015 114

Innovation/creative actions:

Try to find creative and innovete solutions fora better use of public space in combinationwith good bicycle parkings

3 lab sessions with support of stakeholders (proffecionals & users) oktober/november 2014

10/12/2015 115

10/12/2015 116

9 teams

The Bike Rules! Plek zat? Wayfinding fietsenstallingen Fietsdetectie voor wayfinding op locatie en

via apps Flexparkeren Toolbox Fietsverleiden voor Ondernemers Exit Light Enter Night FietsID Shoot Future Fietsflat

117

workshops

10/12/2015 118

wayfinding

10/12/2015 119

Communication tools

10/12/2015 120

Apps? projections

10/12/2015 121

Flex parking

10/12/2015 122

Want to get rid of your old bicycle? Call xxxxxxx

10/12/2015 123

Amsterdam loves cycling

Orphan bicycles (no owners known)

15-20% of all the parked bicycles Occupy expensive space Time- consuming and expensive to detect by hand

Detection and adress

How to detect and find them automated? And also to address the empty spots? In combination with short term parking rules and strict enforcement 30% more empty spots

Advise:

Think as a cyclist Make the cyclist happy Be creative Cooperate with all stakeholders Check all the costs (not only the

investment)