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Bicycle Parking Guidelines: Bicycle Parking - cdn.ymaws.com · City and local programs • Where many cities start formal bicycle programming • High symbolic and functional value

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Bicycle Parking Guidelines:Bicycle Parking

An APBP Webinar Series

Phil Miller, APBPScott Cohen, City of Portland, OR

David Louzenheiser,Massachusetts Area Regional Councl

Winter 2013

APBP Bicycle Parking Webinar Series Municipal Bike Parking Programs | 2-27-2013 1 of 55

City and local programs

Where many cities start formal bicycle programming

High symbolic and functional value

Flexible and economical program

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Today Well look at

programs in Boston and Portland

Review sidewalk and bike corral designs

Codes and policies

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Best Practices - Boston

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Sidewalk parking principles

Where most cities begin their parking programs

Wide variety of approaches Generally considered cost-effective

starting point

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Short-term rack layout Min. 10 sidewalk width

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Short-term rack layout Sidewalk 10 + width

Locate in furniture / landscape zone Align racks to not interfere with

parked car doors Align parallel to street in constrained

areas

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Distancefromrackstocurb:3 Spacingbetweenracks:4 (3minimum) Distancetostreetfurnitureandobstructions:4

Recommendedpedestrianclearance:8 Minimumdistancefromentrancebuilding:50

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Sidewalk Bike Racks and ADA

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Facilities maintenance best practices

Short-term Parking: Use spike anchors

(tamper-proof) Inspect racks/anchors for

damage Method for

repainting/touch-ups Abandoned bike removal

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Facilities maintenance best practices

Long-term Parking: Check functioning of

moving parts Change keys or codes

periodically Check condition of

enclosures Security lighting and

cameras are working

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Policies and Codes

Recommended parking policy or code should Specify number of bike spaces by land use Require long-term parking for all workplaces,

transit stations and multi-unit residential Require adequate short-term parking for other

land uses Provide site planning requirements Provide rack/locker design requirements

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Requirements - Residential

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Requirements Civic

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Requirements Civic (cont)

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Requirements - Commercial

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Requirements - Industrial

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Bicycle Parking Programs

Develop Fixture Specifications Identify Locations Install Fixtures (racks) Maintain Repeat (ongoing)

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Develop Specifications

Rack designs Materials Finishes

Placement guidance Agency buy-in

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Identify Locations Request-based

Mail-in cards Online

Land use-based Transit Schools Parks

Visible demand

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Identify Locations

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Install Fixtures

Either: In-house Contractor

RFP(s) for racks and installation

Install Inspect

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Maintain

Remove abandoned bikes Replace damaged racks Replace loose anchors Maintain finishes, if needed

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Celebrate!

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In-Street Bike Parking

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In-street bicycle parking Removes bicycles from

pedestrian sidewalks Increases overall

parking capacity (1 car space = 8-12 bikes)

Increases visibility of cycling

Improves sightlines at corners

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Selecting locations Cyclist safety

Setback from travel lanes Low speed limit Low truck or bus traffic Low parking turnover

Adjacent land use (sidewalk caf?)

Side Street? Traffic Operations

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Design best practices Parallel or Diag Space Locate Parking Spaces Rack Placement

Perpendicular for wide streets

Angled racks for narrow streets

Basic bike racks (example: inverted U)

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Design best practicesMinimum $:

Demarcate areaMore $$:

Rubber curb, reflectors, delineators, temporary planters

Highest $$$: Expensive bollards, concrete pad, permanent planters

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Design best practices

Convenient circulation/access

Visibility: signage Costs vary widely

Low end: $1,000 High end: $50,000

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Short-term rack layout On-street parking (8ft. wide)

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Short-term rack layout On-street parking (6.5 ft. wide)

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On-street parking (diagonal)

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Berkeley, CA

Diagonal Parking: In-street bike parking delineated by pavement markings or rubber curbing on asphalt

Parallel Parking: In-street bike parking delineated by heavy-duty architectural bollards on concrete pad

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Montreal

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MontrealMontreal

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Arlington, Virginia

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Baltimore, Maryland

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Chico, California

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Columbia, Missouri

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PaloAlto,CA HamiltonAve

http://www.bicyclesolutions.com/BikeRacksOnStreet/PaloAlto_HamiltonAve.jpg

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Seattle, Washington

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Seattle, Washington

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Santa Cruz, Pacific Ave

http://www.bicyclesolutions.com/BikeRacksOnStreet/SantaCruz_PacificAv_OnStRacks01.JPG

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San Luis Obispo, California

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San Francisco, CAPublic Library Main Branch

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Warrington, UK

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Brussels, Belgium

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Copenhagen

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Implementation -making it happen

Adopt design guidelines (Best Practices) Create city policies (maintenance and liability) Business community outreach - identify locations Identify funding Carefully choose pilot locations which will

succeed

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Implementation making it happen

Document success/failure Getting used? How much? (bike counts) Survey cyclists Survey patrons of business district Survey business owners

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Next up in series:

March 13 - Transit Systems

April 10 - Colleges and Employment Centers

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