BIRD/ANIMAL AIRCRAFT STRIKE HAZARD (BASH ... viewManual This manual amplifies Navy Bird/Animal Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) policy, identifies key BASH statutory and regulatory requirements,

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BIRD/ANIMAL AIRCRAFT STRIKE HAZARD (BASH) PREVENTION MANUAL

CNIC M-BASH

JANUARY 2010

COMMANDER NAVY INSTALLATIONS COMMAND

BIRD/ANIMAL AIRCRAFT STRIKE HAZARD (BASH) MANUAL

Published By

CNIC Air Operations Program Director

Jan 2010FOREWORD

This Bird/Animal Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Manual is a non-binding addendum to the CNIC, Navy Bird/Animal Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) Program Implementing Guidance. The contents herein present additional recommended policies, procedures, and instructional material to serve as an aid to CNIC shore aviation commands in developing local BASH policies and related personnel training programs. The contents of this manual were compiled by CNIC Air Operations Program from historical data, from inputs by Navy BASH Subject Matter Experts, from reviews by major Naval Aviation stakeholders, and from comparison with existing BASH programs at other agencies including the US Air Force.

This Manual, though primarily focused on improving BASH effectiveness at CNIC shore commands, is open for review by any command, in or outside of the Navy, desiring to mitigate BASH risks at shore air facilities.

This Manual will be maintained and periodically updated by CNIC Air Operations Program Director. It can be accessed through the CNIC portal, N32 site, at: https://cnicgateway.cnic.navy.mil/HQ/N3/N32/default.aspx

For recommendations concerning this Manual, contact the office delineated below:

Commander, Navy Installations Command

716 Sicard St, Bldg 196

Suite 1000

Washington DC 20374

Commercial: (202) 433-0120

DSN: 288-0120

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.Environmental Policy, Organization, and Funding7

1.1. Scope7

1.1.1. Manual7

1.1.2. Applicability7

1.1.3. Precedence7

1.1.4. References7

1.1.5. Legislation8

1.2. Policy8

1.2.1. Executive Orders (EO)8

2. Awareness9

2.1. Overview9

2.1.1. BASH Prevention and Awareness Training.........9

2.1.2. Safety Stand Downs9

2.1.3. CECOS BASH Training Module9

2.1.4. BASH USA/Canada Meetings9

2.1.5. International Bird Strike Committee10

2.1.6. Installation Bird Hazard Working Groups (BHWG)10

2.1.7 Aircraft Maintenance Personnel Training11

2.1.8. Installation Safety Officers Meeting11

2.1.9. Airfield Vehicle Operators Course (AVOC)11

3. Reporting Bird and Wildlife Strike Events11

3.1. Overview11

3.2. Naval Safety Center Reporting Database (On-line Reporting)................................................12

3.3. Why Report Bird and Wildlife Strikes?12

3.4. Who Should Report Wildlife Strikes to the Naval Safety Center...................................................13

3.4.1. Transient Aircrews13

3.4.2. Contractor Maintained Aircraft:14

3.5. Damaging Strike Event14

3.6. Non-Damaging Strike Event14

3.7. Remains Found on Runway Surfaces14

3.8. Near-Miss Reporting15

4. Remains Collection and Identification15

4.1. Overview15

4.1.1. Remains Identification16

4.1.1.1. Local Procedures..........................16

4.1.1.2. Smithsonian Procedures16

5.Wildlife Management for Safer Aviation Operations16

5.1. Overview16

5.2. Active Controls17

5.2.1. Personnel and Equipment17

5.2.2. Pyrotechnics17

5.2.3. Bioacoustics18

5.2.4. Depredation18

5.2.4.1. Airport Permits19

5.2.5. Propane Gas Canons19

5.2.6. Falconry20

5.2.7. Dogs20

5.2.8. Radio-controlled Units20

5.2.9. All-terrain Vehicles20

5.2.10. Effigies.....................................20

5.3. Passive Controls21

5.3.1. Grass Management21

5.3.1.1. Grass Height21

5.3.1.2. Herbicides and Growth Retardants22

5.3.1.3. Planting Bare Areas22

5.3.1.4. Fertilizing22

5.3.1.5. Native Vegetation22

5.3.2. Forest Management22

5.3.2.1. Planting New Areas23

5.3.3. Managing Existing Forested Areas23

5.3.4. Landscaping23

5.3.5. Removal of Edge Effect23

5.3.6. Airfield Wetland/Water Management24

5.3.6.1. Stormwater Management24

5.3.6.2. Bioswales24

5.3.6.3. Wetlands25

5.3.7. Wastewater Treatment Facilities25

5.3.8. Soil Cementing25

5.3.9. Sanitary Landfill Management26

5.3.9.1. Landfill Cap Management26

5.3.10. Agricultural Outlease Management26

5.3.10.1. Crops26

5.3.10.2. Harvesting and Planting27

5.3.10.3. Agricultural Outlease Contracts27

5.3.10.4. Grazing27

5.3.10.5. Fencing27

5.3.11. Ineffective Methods of Control within the Airfield and Hangars............................................28

5.3.11.1. Plastic Owls28

5.3.11.2. Rotating Lights28

5.3.11.3. Eye Spots and Balloons28

5.3.11.4. Ultra-sonic Devices28

5.4. Hangar Management28

5.4.1. Netting28

5.4.2. Air Rifles29

5.4.3. Brush Weather Stripping29

5.4.4. Soffit Installation29

5.4.5. Strip Curtains or Door Netting30

5.4.6. Spikes and Wiring30

5.4.7. Bioacoustic Devices30

5.4.8. Nest Removal30

5.4.9. Falconry30

6.Flight Operations Considerations30

6.1. Overview30

6.2. Wildlife Activity Advisories......................31

6.2.1. Specific Wildlife Advisory Examples...........31

6.2.2. General Wildlife Advisories...................32

6.3. Typical Examples of Operational Changes...........32

6.4. Checklist Procedures and Pre-briefings32

6.5. Bird Strike Damage33

6.6. Dawn and Dusk Flight Restrictions33

6.7. Low-level Operations..............................33

6.8. Range Operations..................................34

6.9. Weather Fronts and Bird Movements.................34

6.10. Daily and Local Bird Movements................34

6.11. Take off and Departure Restrictions..............34

6.11.1. Avoiding Coastlines and Shorelines..........34

6.12. Flight Crew Awareness............................35

6.13. Aircrew Responsibility to Follow-on Aircrews ....35

7. Technical Assistance35

7.1. CNIC BASH Point of Contact35

Naval Safety Center35 Airfield Wildlife Hazards36

8.1. Overview of Airfield Wildlife Hazards36

8.2. Birds36

8.2.1. Loons, Grebes. Pelicans, Cormorants, and Mergansers................................................36

8.2.2.Pelagic Birds (Albatross, Petrels, Shearwaters, Auks, etc.)36

8.2.3. Long-Legged Waders (Herons, Cranes, Egrets, Ibises, and Storks)36

8.2.3.1. Cattle Egrets36

8.2.4. Waterfowl (Swans, Geese, and Ducks)37

8.2.4.1. Resident Waterfowl37

8.2.4.2. Migrating Waterfowl37

8.2.5. Raptors (Vultures, Eagles, Hawks, Kites, and Hawks)38

8.2.6. Grouse, Quail, Dove, and Pheasants38

8.2.7. Shorebirds (Sandpipers and Plovers)38

8.2.8. Gulls39

8.2.9. Terns39

8.2.10. Pigeons39

8.2.11. Owls40

8.2.12. Nighthawks and Whip-poor-wills40

8.2.13. Woodpeckers40

8.2.14. Flycatchers40

8.2.15. Meadowlarks and Horned Larks40

8.2.16. Swallows41

8.2.17. Ravens and Crows41

8.2.18. Starlings, Cowbirds, Grackles, and Blackbirds41

8.2.20. Warblers42

8.2.21. Songbirds (Sparrows, Finches, Grosbeaks, and Buntings).42

8.3. Mammals42

8.3.1. Deer43

8.3.2. Coyotes and Foxes43

8.3.3. Rabbits and Hares43

8.3.4. Bats43

8.3.5. Rodents (Squirrels, Woodchucks, and Rats)44

8.4. Reptiles44

8.4.1. Snakes, Alligators, and Turtles44

Appendix 1. Remains Collection and Forwarding Procedures

1.1. Scope1.1.1. Manual

This manual amplifies Navy Bird/Animal Aircraft Strike Hazard (BASH) policy, identifies key BASH statutory and regulatory requirements, and provides advisory information for management of Navy airfields. The intent is to safeguard air operations assets and flight crews by preventing bird and animal strikes with aircraft.

1.1.2. Applicability

This manual describes the internal management of the BASH Program as it primarily applies to shore-based air operations, and is not intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by any party against the Navy, its officers, employees, or any person.

1.1.3. Precedence

This manual is supplemental guidance for the Navy BASH Program. Any apparent conflict between this manual and other Navy instructions, manuals, and similar directives on environmental, safety, and operational programs will be resolved with the best interest of Navy flight crews in mind. This manual is consistent with all applicable statutes, Executive Orders (EOs), Department of Defense (DoD), directives, and Navy instructions.

1.1.4. References

NAVFAC Natural Resources Management Procedural Manual, P-73, Vol. II

32 CFR 190, DOD Natural Resources Management Program

50 CFR 17, Endang

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