Black history month new

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  • 1. Black History Month and the African-American Civil Rights Movement

2. What is Black History Month? Month of February every year since 1976 dedicated to recognizing the achievements of African Americans throughout U.S. history 3. Timeline Slavery in the U.S.: 17th and 18th century Fight against slavery: 19th century Reconstruction: 1863-1877 Jim Crow laws: 1876-1965 Abolitionist Movement (began in 17th century) Underground Railroad: 1861-1865 Civil War: 1861-1865Racial segregationCivil Rights Movement: 1950s-1960s 4. Some terms Abolition: to get rid of something Underground railroad: journey taken by slaves to get to free states and Canada Reconstruction Rebuilding of the govt. and society in the southSegregation separate but equal 5. conductorRailroad tracks or routespassengerA stop on the railroad 6. 3 famous figures Frederick Douglas Rosa Parks Martin Luther King, Jr. 7. Frederick Douglas 1818-1895 Famous writer and abolitionist Born a slave in Maryland Taught himself to read and write Escaped to the North and fought hard in the abolitionist movement Was a conductor on one of the last stops in the underground railroad 8. Why was he important? Some Ideas? Many at the time thought slaves were not capable of learning or being educated Through his writing and speeches, Frederick Douglas proved this to be false by being an example of a well-spoken, persuasive leader in the abolition movement 9. Rosa Parks Born in 1913 in Alabama Was educated and succeded in registering to vote Why is this significant?Because of segregation and Jim Crow laws 10. SegregationSegregated Water Fountains 11. Segregated restaurants 12. Segregated public parks 13. There was also segregation in: schoolsrestroomspublic transportation 14. In 1954 segregation in public schools is bannedThis started the Civil Rights Movement 15. Civil Rights MovementGoal was to end discrimination and segregation against African-Americans Lasted from 1955-1968 It consisted of nonviolent civil resistance and protest 16. Forms of Civil Resistance and Protest Boycotts Sit-ins Marches 17. persons nonviolently occupying an area for a protestThe sit-ins led to boycotts of stores with segregated lunch counters. This forced owners to abandon their segregation policies.Finally on July 26, 1960 Woolworth desegregated their stores and served both blacks and whitesSit-in 18. Marches An event when a group of people gather to walk for a cause or toAn event when a group of people gather to walk for a cause or to protest. The Selma to Montgomery marches were very important during the Civil Rights Movement. They took place on March 7, March 9 and March 21 1965. 19. Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott : 1955 Segregation on public transportation meant that black people had to sit at the back of the bus Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white person and was arrested Martin Luther King Jr. started a boycott of the Montgomery Bus System, for 382 days no black person used a bus Segregation on public buses finally ended 20. Martin Luther King, Jr. Tell me what you know about him. 21. Martin Luther King Jr. Born in 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia Was a very influential figure in the Civil Rights Movement Was a Baptist minister Believed in non-violence 22. 1955- Organized the Montgomery Bus System boycott, which made him famous 1963- Organized march on Washington D.C. and read most famous speech I have a dream 1964- won Nobel Peace Prize 1968- was assassinated 23. March 15, 1965: President Lyndon Johnson passed the Voting Rights Act which prohibited most of the unfair practices used to prevent blacks from registering to vote Showed the Civil Rights movement was making progress 24. Another important achievement of the Civil Rights Movement:1964- Civil Rights Act banned racial discrimination and segregation in employment, voter registration and public places 25. Today: We celebrate February as Black History Month, to recognize the achievements of individuals that had such an important role in U.S. history We celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. Day every third Monday of January All public places are closed It is a day of remembrance