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  • Osaka Kyoiku University Department of English Education


    Blended teaching &

    The Use of Technology in Teaching English As a Foreign Language

    The use of Hot-Potatoes Software as a Sample

    A. Karim Benlaayouni

  • Blended teaching &

    The Use of Technology in Teaching English As a Foreign Language

    The use of Hot-Potatoes Software as a Sample

    A.Karim Benlaayouni

  • Blended Teaching and The Use of Technology in Teaching English as a Foreign Language. Copyright 2006 by Abdelkarim Benlaayouni All rights reserved. No parts of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying recording, or otherwise, without permission from the author. Printed in Japan Binding company: Yamada binding Yamada Morio Osaka/ Japan

  • To

    The soul of my father who went to meet his lord While my training period in Japan


    To my child Mohamed Walid who is now my future hope

  • Acknowledgements This research would not have come to existence unless the wise

    guidance and the continuous advices of many people on the top of whom I have to mention my academic advisor Mrs. Haruyo Yoshida in the department of English education at Osaka kyoiku University. She has always been a reference and guide throughout the on going of the work.

    I also dedicate this modest work to my family especially my

    mother whose prayers have always been a light house in the dark oceans of my life

    Finally and most importantly to my wife Hanane (tenderness in Arabic) to whom I am indebted and I say, This research would not exist

    without your encouragements and your patience in educating our child. May love surround our small and beautiful family.


  • Preface Written by a leading authority in Morocco in both language teaching and in e-Learning of four skills in English as a second or foreign language, this paper is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the assessment of methodology using technology in language class. This volume is unique in that it reviews theory, research and practice in the assessment of e-Learning. It provides the novice with a comprehensive overview of the basic principles of e-Learning, and the researcher with an in-depth discussion of the major issues in the field. Osaka Kyoiku University Japan Haruyo Yoshida

  • Table of content

    Preface Abstract 01 Introduction 03 The history of using technology in foreign language teaching 07

    A/ The bahavioristic CALL 09 B/ The communivative CALL 10 C/ The integrative CALL 12

    The advantages of integrating technology in teaching foreign languages 17 Towards a Blended Teaching language approach 23 About VOA materials and Hot Potatoes software 31 A Hot Potatoes sample for Moroccan High School English Language Program 37 Recommendations and References for On-line teaching 47

    A/ For vocabulary 49 B/ For reading Skills 50 C/ For listening Skills 51 D/ For integrated Skills 52

  • E/ For Speaking Skills 52 F/ For Writing Skills 53 G/ For grammar and structures 54 H/ For Games and activities 55 I/ For Music and lyrics 55 J/ For international understanding 55 K/ For professional development 56

    Conclusion 59 Bibliography 63 Acronyms and figures 66 Annexes 67

  • Abstract

    Teaching foreign languages in general and English in particular has always been a fertile field for experiments and analysis with the aim of making it more efficient and fruitful

    . Nowadays with the greatest technological development,

    education seems to keep hand in hand with the recent innovations and tries to make use of these technological means either in the way of training teachers or in the ordinary classes for school learners. This can be clearly noticed in the fields of on-line learning and distance learning as well as the gradual integration of computers and Internet in teaching and learning processes.

    As a student in the English department in high school and at the university, I used to observe our teachers and think about what was helpful in our learning; and now as a teacher of English, I learnt through experience, discussion with other teachers, and through study of methodology what works for us personally and for others in our field. The dream of ameliorating my teaching techniques and doing something that would facilitate the learners tasks has always been bothering me. Therefore this work goes in the same stream in the sense that it traces the historical background of the relationship between teaching English and using technology but always with great emphasis on the role of the human factor in the teaching/ learning process including the teacher and the student as well. My research thus supports the so-called blended teaching wherein technology/ the computer is working complementarily with the teacher in order to give high quality instruction and practice.

    The second part of this paper is to some extent practical: I introduced the Hot Potatoes software as an example of exercise program that teachers can apply when trying to blend their teaching of English. I used this software and applied it to the Moroccan textbook of English Quick Way. I tried to make a specific Hot Potatoes for each unit according to the tasks and themes in the original units of the book. After or while studying with their teachers, Learners of English can have access to other reading and

  • listening tasks as well as some extra practice activities in grammar and structures etc similar to those they did with the teacher. Teachers in turn, can make use of these exercises either inside the classroom by making students work in pairs or in groups according to the infrastructure or assign these exercises as homework or as follow up activities.

    Finally I tried to provide some 110 links to the teachers who

    want to integrate technology and benefit from the greatest number of information on the Internet. In order not to be lost between websites and homepages I suggested some very useful educational references on-line for teaching English language. I divided the list according to the main tasks of teaching English: reading. writing, speaking, listening and, of course, structures and vocabulary as well as some games and activities. The list is not inclusive but may be helpful especially for teachers (and students as well) who are not very skillful in browsing and searching for such information on the web.

    To conclude, its worth mentioning that the computer, as any

    other technology means, is not a method. Rather it is a mere machine that needs to receive instructions from a human being in order to be able to do the tasks assigned to it. Therefore, the role of technology and the teacher are complementary and thus a teacher without any technological means is hopeless and technology without human factor is useless.

  • Introduction

    E- Learning has witnessed a tremendous growth

    In the last few Years especially for

    Distance learning,

    Adult education &

    Technical or business


  • The world has witnessed a subtle technological revolution in all the fields of life. And the expansion of the digital technology as well as the World Wide Web have made peoples life and services easier than ever especially as far as the information is concerned. Technology has become a powerful feature of this time and it manages to break the frontiers between countries by opposing a new language, that of the computer, which changed the world into a small and unified town governed by information.

    Education has also benefited from this technological revolution especially with the development of the digital technology which gave birth to the so-called E learning which, in fact, not only managed to go beyond the time and space hindrances of the teaching/learning process; but also contributed in creating new markets and prospects as well as new investigating opportunities that the traditional teaching system couldnt create or even reach.

    On line learning or electronic learning refers to the new trend of Education wherein learners are no longer getting lessons in the traditional way: a teacher giving a lesson to students only in a classroom using a textbook and a blackboardrather teaching became computer based and lectures are given overseas using the most developed means.

    E- Learning is an outcome of the technological revolution especially with the development of the digital system. And it has witnessed a tremendous growth in the last few years especially for distance learning, adult education, as well as technical or business education.

    E- Learning differs from the traditional way of teaching/learning in the sense that it is based on learning on-line which implies learning through the computer and the net. The use of the computer in e-learning implies the inclusion of this new method under the realm of CALL (computer assisted language learning) or CBI (computer based instruction or (TELL) technology enhanced language learning or (CMC) computer mediated communication

  • In fact using the computer in specific and technology in

    general in teaching is not a new phenomenon with E-learning, especially in the field of teaching/lear