BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT .4 botswana environment statistics: human

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  • Copyrights C Statistics Botswana 2014

    BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT 2013

    Statistics Botswana. Private Bag 0024 BotswanaTel: (267) 367 1300. Fax: (267) 395 2201. Email: csobots.@gov.bw Website: www.cso.gov.bw

    STATISTICS BOTSWANA

  • 2 BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT 2013 Statistics Botswana

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    Statistics BotswanaPrivate Bag 0024, Gaborone

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    Extracts may be published ifSources are duly acknowledged

  • Statistics Botswana BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT 2013 3

    PREFACE

    Statistics Botswana, through the Environment Statistics Unit, presents the first edition of the Botswana Environment Statistics: Human Settlements Report. The report provides the latest available statistics and trends analysis on the environment in which people live and work, with particular reference to living conditions and environmental health. Data used in this report are secondary and were drawn from previous Population and Housing Censuses as well as reports from various Government departments and other organisations.

    The Framework for Development of Environmental Statistics (FDES) developed by the United Nations Statistical Division was used in preparing this report. The statistical information provided in this report is intended for use by decision-makers in Government, the private sector and civic society for the management and improvement of conditions related to human settlements, shelter conditions, safe water, sanitation and health. The management of these conditions is important, particularly in light of the rapid urbanization, increasing pollution, environmental degradation and the likely effects of climate change on Botswana, which when put together, can set the country back in the journey towards the attainment of Vision 2016 and the UN Millennium Development Goals.

    I would like to thank all data providers that worked cooperatively with Statistics Botswanas Environment Statistics Unit in the production of this report, and encourage their continued support in the future.

    ...............................................Anna MajelantleStatistician GeneralApril 2014

  • 4 BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT 2013 Statistics Botswana

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1.0 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................................................................91.1 THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS............................................................................................................9

    2.0 HUMAN SETTLEMENTS........................................................................................................................................102.1 POPULATION......................................................................................................................................................102.1.1 POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH......................................................................................................................102.1.2 SEX RATIO............................................................................................................................................................112.1.3 POPULATION DENSITY........................................................................................................................................142.2 ACCESS TO WATER, SANITATION AND ENERGY..............................................................................................162.2.1 ENERGY SOURCES.............................................................................................................................................162.2.2 WATER SOURCES................................................................................................................................................202.2.3 ACCESS TO SANITATION...................................................................................................................................242.2.3.1 Toilet Facility.......................................................................................................................................................242.2.3.2 Waste Collection and Disposal.......................................................................................................................272.3 HOUSING CONDITIONS.....................................................................................................................................402.3.1 HOUSING UNITS BY TYPE....................................................................................................................................402.3.2 HOUSEHOLD SIZE................................................................................................................................................432.3.3 POPULATION IN ZONES VULNERABLE TO NATURAL EXTREME EVENTS...........................................................462.3.4 FLOOD OCCURRENCES....................................................................................................................................492.4 ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS...........................................................................................................................512.4.1 TRANSPORT.........................................................................................................................................................512.4.1.1 Extent of roadways...........................................................................................................................................512.4.1.2 Vehicles Stock...................................................................................................................................................522.4.1.3 Road Accidents................................................................................................................................................552.4.1.4 Road Casualties................................................................................................................................................562.4.1.4 Civil Aviation......................................................................................................................................................56

    3.0 ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SECTION.................................................................................................................573.1 AIRBORNE DISEASES AND CONDITIONS..........................................................................................................573.1.1 TUBERCULOSIS (TB).............................................................................................................................................583.2 WATER RELATED DISEASES AND CONDITIONS.................................................................................................653.2.1 DIARRHOEA........................................................................................................................................................653.2.1.1 Diarrhoea Mortality...........................................................................................................................................673.2.1.2 Types of diarrhoea............................................................................................................................................693.2.1.3 Incidence...........................................................................................................................................................693.3 VECTOR BORNE DISEASES.................................................................................................................................713.3.1 MALARIA.............................................................................................................................................................713.3.2 MORTALITY..........................................................................................................................................................733.4 HEALTH PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH EXCESSIVE UV RADIATION EXPOSURE.............................................753.5 TOXIC SUBSTANCE AND NUCLEAR RADIATION DISEASES AND CONDITIONS..............................................803.5.1 PNEUMONIA.......................................................................................................................................................803.5.2 MORTALITY..........................................................................................................................................................82

    REFERENCES....................................................................................................................................................................84

  • Statistics Botswana BOTSWANA ENVIRONMENT STATISTICS: HUMAN SETTLEMENTS REPORT 2013 5

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 2.1a Population by Census District and Sex between the 1991, 2001 and 2011 Censuses.........................12Table 2.1b Population Density by Census District between the 1991, 2001 and 2011 Censuses...........................15Table 2.2a Proportions of Households in Urban and Rural by Principal Energy Source for Lighting in 1991, 2001 & 2011 Censuses............................................................................................................................................................17Table 2.2b Distribution of Households in Urban and Rural by Principal Energy Source for Lighting in 1991, 2001 & 2011 Censuses........................................................................................................................................................