Bradycardia Tutorial Questions/Critical care board review

  • View
    16

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

CCM

Text of Bradycardia Tutorial Questions/Critical care board review

  • 1A. A 72 year old diabetic woman with a history of hypertension treated with diltiazem and coronary artery disease presents with fatigue, but no syncopal episodes. An EKG is obtained (EKG 1). What is her underlying rhythm?

    A. Sinus Bradycardia B. Junctional rhythm C. 2nd degree type 1 AV block D. 2nd degree type 2 AV block E. 2 to 1 AV block

    Salma Akram

  • 1

  • 1B. The most likely location of her block is:

    A. Above the bundle of His B. Below the bundle of His C. The location of the block is uncertain

    Salma Akram

  • 1C. The next best step in management of this patient is:

    A. Emergent cardiac catheterization B. Administration of digoxin-specific Fab

    fragments (Digibind ) C. Administration of isoproterenol D. Temporary transvenous pacing E. Cessation of diltiazem

    Salma Akram

  • 2. An 83 year old woman with a history of congestive heart failure treated with digoxin, lasix and enalapril. She presents with nausea and dyspnea on exertion. Her initial EKG is shown in tracing 2a. What is the EKG diagnosis? 2a

    Salma Akramatrial tachycardia with 2:1 conduction

  • 2B. EKG 2b is obtained 20 minutes later. What should you do now?

    A. Check serum electrolytes B. Temporary pacing C. Administer IV lidocaine D. Send cardiac enzymes, start IV

    nitroglycerin, and transfer to the CCU

    Salma Akram

  • 2b

  • 2C. 60 minutes later EKG 2c is obtained. The best treatment at this point is:

    A. Cardiac catheterization with angioplasty B. DC Cardioversion C. Overdrive pacing D. Digoxin-specific Fab fragments (Digibind )

    and CCU admission E. IV esmolol bolus and infusion

    Salma Akram

  • 2c

  • 3. An 80 year old patient with hypertension and diabetes presents with fatigue, exercise intolerance, and dyspnea. ECG 3a is obtained. Atropine is given and the rhythm changes to that seen in ECG 3b. What is the probable location of the conduction abnormality?

    A. Sinus node B. AV node C. Below the AV node D. The rhythm is idioventricular

  • 3a

  • 3b

  • 4. A 63 year old man presents with chest pain and a left bundle branch block. His troponin is 12.6, and he is admitted to the intensive care unit. Several hours, later, EKG 4 is obtained. He is asymptomatic and his vital signs are stable. What is the EKG diagnosis? Which intervention is most appropriate?

    A. Atropine 0.5 mg IV B. Metoprolol 5 mg IV C. Lidocaine, 1 mg/kg bolus then 2 mg/kg IV

    infusion D. Temporary pacing E. Observation

  • 4

  • 5A. A 64 year old man complains of dizziness with head turns, and when he wears tight shirts. EKG 5 is obtained. What is the rhythm?

    A. Mobitz type I block B. Mobitz type II block C. Complete heart block D. Sinus arrest

  • 5

  • 5B. Is a pacemaker indicated for this patient?

    A. Yes B. No

  • 6. You are called to put in a transvenous pacer in an asymptomatic patient for complete heart block. EKG 6 is recorded. What is the underlying rhythm?

    A. Complete heart block B. Sinus rhythm with accelerated junctional

    rhythm C. Atrial fibrillation D. Atrial tachycardia E. Ventricular tachycardia

  • 6

  • 7A. A 42 year old man presents to the emergency department with chest pain. EKG 7a is obtained. What is the rhythm?

    A. Sinus tachycardia B. Ectopic atrial tachycardia C. Atrial flutter D. Multifocal atrial tachycardia

    Salma Akram

  • 7a

  • 7B. The patient is treated, his pain resolves, and he is admitted to the intensive care unit. Shortly thereafter, he becomes hypotensive, and EKG 7b is obtained. What is the underlying rhythm?

    A. Complete heart block B. Advanced second degree AV block C. Accelerated junctional rhythm without heart

    block D. Accelerated idioventricular rhythm

    Salma Akram

  • 7b

  • 7C. Should atropine be given to this patient?

    A. No, because it is ineffective with infranodal block B. No, because it is contraindicated in anterior MI C. No, because isoproterenol is more appropriate D. Yes, because pacing is contraindicated E. Yes, it is frequently effective in the first 6 hours

    of an inferior MI

    Salma Akram

  • 7D. Will this patient likely require permanent pacing?

    A. Yes, complete heart block with an acute MI always requires permanent pacing

    B. Yes, because the ventricular escape rhythm implies infranodal conduction disease

    C. No, because most patients with inferior MI recover AV conduction after the acute phase

    D. No, because, pacing does not impact survival after acute MI

    Salma Akram

  • 8. A 67 year old woman is admitted for evaluation of dizziness and syncope. She has normal left ventricular function and no history of myocardial infarction. She has a dizzy spell on the floor, and EKG 8 is obtained. What is the likely cause of her symptoms?

    A. AV block, as documented by this EKG B. Sinus node dysfunction C. Ventricular tachycardia during the episode,

    which has now resolved D. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

    Salma Akram

  • 8

  • 9. A 33 year old woman is being evaluated for palpitations and an irregular heart beat. She has a ventricular pacemaker for intermittent AV block. EKG 9 is obtained. What adjustment is required to correct the problem? A. Increase ventricular sensing threshold B. Decrease ventricular sensing threshold C. Increase ventricular pacing output D. Decrease ventricular pacing rate

    Salma Akram

    Salma Akramlook at capture & look at sensing

  • 9.

  • 10. A 41 year old man with no previous medical history is admitted to the hospital with syncope. While walking in the hall, he has a near-syncopal episode, and EKG 10 is obtained. What is the most likely cause of his dizziness?

    A. Severe AV nodal disease B. Sinus node dysfunction C. Severe situational vagally mediated

    syncope D. Telemetry does not suggest any specific

    etiology

    Salma Akram

  • 10

  • 11. A 33 year old man presents with exertional dyspnea and is noted to be bradycardic. EKG 11 is obtained. What is the rhythm?

    A. Complete heart block B. Advanced second degree AV block C. Mobitz type II AV block D. Vagally mediated bradycardia

    Salma Akram

  • 11

  • 11B. What treatment is indicated?

    A. Atropine B. Isoproterenol C. Chronic therapy with oral agonists D. Referral for permanent pacing

    Salma Akram

  • 12. The rhythm strip seen in EKG 12 is obtained from a patient with a pacemaker. Which intervention is most appropriate?

    A. Place a magnet over the pacemaker B. Increase the pacemaker output C. Increase the pacemaker rate D. Increase the pacemaker sensitivity (lower

    the sensing threshold) E. Decrease the pacemaker sensitivity

    (increase the sensing threshold)

    Salma Akram

  • 12

  • 13A. An 86 year old woman with a history of CHF is admitted because of acutely worsening dyspnea. Her blood pressure is 88/62, and she has bibasilar crackles and elevated jugular venous pressure. The rhythm strip shown in EKG 13a is obtained. What is the EKG diagnosis? What intervention is most appropriate?

    A. Lidocaine, 1 mg/kg IV bolus, then 2 mg/min B. Verapamil 5 mg IV C. Diltiazem 20 mg IV D. Digoxin 0.25 mg IV E. Adenosine 6 mg IV

    Salma Akram

  • 13a

  • 13B. The next day, she is breathing comfortably with a blood pressure of 100/60 mm Hg. Her labs include a blood urea nitrogen of 40 mg/dL, a creatinine of 1.9 mg/dL, and a potassium concentration of 3.2 mmol/L. EKG 13b is obtained. What intervention is most appropriate?

    A. Temporary pacing B. Intravenous amiodarone C. Potassium chloride 40 mmol IV over 2 hours D. Digoxin immune antibody fragments IV E. Dopamine 5 g/kg/min IV

    Salma Akram

  • 13b

    Salma Akramaccelerated junctional rhythm