Breaking the Spiral of Silence

  • Published on

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


<ul><li><p>1 </p><p>Breaking The Spiral of Silence </p><p>Who Is Accusing Who of Defiance? </p><p> If the foundation be destroyed, what can the righteous do?............... </p><p>Psalms 11:3 </p><p>What is the definition of Defiance? </p><p>According to Longman Dictionary of Contemplary English </p><p> New Edition </p><p>Behavior that shows you refuse to do what someone told you to do, </p><p>especially because you do not respect them defies is a gesture of </p><p>defiance. I.e. one can run away as an act of defiance against his </p><p>parents or authority. </p><p>Another example is that: Many people were drinking on the streets in </p><p>defiance of the BAN or he/she clambered a fist in defiance </p><p>Therefore, to be defiant is refusing to do what someone tells you to do. </p><p>He /she walked away shouting on top of/her voice out of the meeting to </p><p>protest the decision made. </p><p>They went to the bush in a defiant act after the election results were </p><p>announced. </p><p>What is the role of the church in speaking out against evil and </p><p>injustices? </p><p>The Church has a role indeed to play in the development of the </p><p>nation and to shape the morals of the society, as well as being a voice </p><p>to the oppressed and voiceless. </p><p>It also has the responsibility to protect -R2P </p><p>The role of the Christian church is to actually stand with the people in </p><p>their struggle for human dignity, survival and self determination and </p></li><li><p>2 </p><p>truly becoming The Voice of the Voiceless His Grace Paulin Lukudo </p><p>Loro Catholic Arch Bishop &amp; Metropolitan of Juba. </p><p>The prevailing orthodoxy among intellectuals in the west and </p><p>elsewhere is that religion is a waning irrational and dysfunctional </p><p>aberration US journalist Nicholas Kristof, certainly no religious </p><p>apologist discovered a different church when he visited South Sudan.I </p><p>came here to this impoverished country to write about its problems, not </p><p>the..Churchs. Yet once again I am awed that so many of selfless people </p><p>serving the worlds neediest are lowly nuns and priests ( and one </p><p>should add here pastors, catechists,evangelists, bishops,reverands, </p><p>moderators,elders,deacons and lay workers from all denominations). </p><p>The Church in Uganda, as in many other countries in Africa and other </p><p>parts of the world where poverty, conflict, political oppression, socio </p><p>marginalization, and under development are rife, is widely seen as a </p><p>force for good, a progressive influence, in the forefront of the struggle </p><p>for peace, justice, human rights and democracy. </p><p>Africans are religious by nature (whether Christians, Muslims or </p><p>followers of traditional religion) and communal by culture, religion </p><p>pervades the life of individual and nation. People rely on their faith and </p><p>their religious leaders to deal holistically with concerns of everyday life, </p><p>big and small, without artificial barriers in resolving conflicts .The </p><p>Acholis Mato put is an example, while the Church will emphasize </p><p>forgiveness and reconciliation through Gods love. </p></li><li><p>3 </p><p>Col. (rtd) Dr.Warren Kizza Besigyes Contribution, his Fallout with </p><p>Museveni and brief background of our defiant political track history in </p><p>Uganda. </p><p>Background He was a youth who was misled by the self seeker and he answered a deceptive call in an act of </p><p>defiance, to go to the bush and fight an elected government, established by the laws and which </p><p>was elected by the people of Uganda on December 10th 1980. </p><p>He was a young qualified doctor working in Nairobis Kenyatta hospital serving his African </p><p>brothers in Kenya as a medical doctor after fleeing the political turmoil in Uganda in 1979. </p><p>Dr. Warren Kizza Besigye came back to Uganda to answer what seemed like a liberation call for </p><p>the people of Uganda. He joined the National Resistance Army (read National Defiant Army) </p><p>which was operating in the jungles of Luwero.Where they were waging a war on the grounds </p><p>that the elections were rigged by the UPC government and that they were fighting to restore </p><p>democracy, rule of law, peace ,unity ,freedom of speech ,expression and the implementation of </p><p>the conceived 10 point program which has been succeeded by many other programmes. </p><p>He did this with all his heart, strength and soul, hoping that one day; he will see the people of </p><p>Uganda free to run their affairs politically without any intimidation or threat. His hard work saw </p><p>him operating many of his comrades without anesthesia, anti bio tics to prevent tetanus, under </p><p>banana plantations or mango trees.He risked he and his colleagues to touch and come in contact </p><p>with blood of possibly infected comrades who had HIV/AIDs. THEIR FATAL WOUNDING </p><p>DID NOT AT ANY SINGLE DAY DEMORALIZE HIM AND HIS MEDICAL TEAM but </p><p>rather encouraged them to be firm and to focus on what seemed like a national cause. He had to </p><p>carryout operations and to stitch wounds using sisal and banana fibre and using local herbs to </p><p>treat malaria fever.(Omululuza ). </p></li><li><p>4 </p><p>Among those he treated and had taken care of included the current NRM </p><p>Chairman/President/Founder and commander in chief of the now translated National Resistance </p><p>Army {Read National Defiant Army) to Uganda Peoples Defense Forces.( read Uganda Peoples </p><p>Defiant Force UNTIL IT WAS FORMALISED BY AN ACT OF PARLIAMENT ) because of </p><p>the way it came in existence drawing its ranks from the rebel (read defiance ) background and </p><p>not the normal recruitment process as enshrined in the constitution of the Republic of Uganda. </p><p>Articles 208 clauses 1, 2,3, and 4. Articles 209 talking about the functions of UPDF in clauses a, </p><p>b, and d. lastly article 210 Parliament shall regulate the UPDF, AND SHALL MAKE LAWS </p><p>REGULATING THE UPDF and, in particular a, Organs and structures of UPDF. b- </p><p>Recruitment, appointment, promotions, discipline and removal of members of UPDF and </p><p>ensuring that members of the UPDF are recruited from every district of Uganda. Then c, and d of </p><p>the same article 2010.My question is, dos the parliament endorse and approve the appointment of </p><p>military officers as Ambassadors, and their promotions as per the constitution of the Republic of </p><p>Uganda? </p><p>Dedicated and devoted to the cause was Besigye and many other young people who followed the </p><p>way of defiance and rebellion to fight the Uganda Peoples Congress government which was the </p><p>choice of the majority at that time in a five year guerrilla warfare. Taking advantage of the </p><p>differences between the Baganda and Milton Obote which begun way back in 1964 and climaxed </p><p>in 1966 with the government forces attacking the Lubiri(Kabaka's Palace ) at Mengo..This was </p><p>followed by the abolition of monarchies in Uganda, the Kingdom of Buganda, Bunyoro, Busoga, </p><p>Ankole and Toro. Uganda was declared a Republic up to this day. Though other kingdoms were </p><p>restored, the one of Ankole was not restored by the (Ssabagabe ) self proclaimed king of kings in </p><p>Ankole. </p><p>This stemmed from the constitutional process when a referendum was held in the so called lost </p><p>counties of Ndaiga, Buyaga, Bugangaizi and Buwekula.The people in those counties voted to </p><p>remain in Bunyoro and government of the then executive Prime Minister Milton Obote endorsed </p><p>the outcome of the referendum, which was misinterpreted as giving away the counties back to </p><p>Bunyoro (Capture the word Back) which means at one time they were part of Bunyoro. But were </p><p>given to Buganda by the British in appreciation for the alliance to defeat Bunyoro by Buganda </p><p>Kingdom. Which the Kabaka in turn distributed to his regents and is commonly known as mile </p><p>land today in Central Uganda </p><p>In an act of defiance, the Buganda government issued an ultimatum to the central government to </p><p>relocate its seat from the Buganda soil within 48 hours, after a long struggle and subsequent </p><p>disagreements between the UPC and KY who had both formed an alliance to defeat Democratic </p><p>Party (DP) led by Bendicto Kiwanuka a Catholic on the grounds of religion. Moves to impeach </p><p>Milton Obote by casting a vote of no confidence was initiated by Hon. Daudi Ocheng the MP for </p><p>Mityana in Buganda though he was an Acholi, and Ibingira Grace. On the grounds of lack of </p><p>parliamentary consent to send troops to Congo an UNDECLARED Ivory and gold, which were </p><p>plundered from Congo in 1965 by the Uganda Army Commander, Idi Amin and concealed by </p><p>the defense minister Felix Onama. This was done with a clear knowledge of the Executive </p><p>Prime Minister Dr.Apollo Milton Obote? </p><p>What actually followed Kabaka Mutesa was asking for British troops to help him get rid of the </p><p>Central government from the Buganda soil, and in reaction the UPC government sent special </p></li><li><p>5 </p><p>force para military force and army troops to attack and arrest Mutesa, who defied the arrest and </p><p>put up a fight instead. In return Dr Apollo Milton Obote abrogated the 1962 Constitution in an </p><p>act of defiance; insisted Buganda was an integral part of Uganda and he declared Uganda to </p><p>become a Republic. This was also followed by the introduction of the pigeon hole constitution </p><p>drafted by Uganda's Attorney General by then Godfrey Lukongwa 1967.It was </p><p>successfully followed by the detention of political prisoners in the country from KY, DP and </p><p>UPC itself without trial. </p><p>The Declaration of the state of emergency in Buganda. </p><p>There was a declaration of the state of emergency in Buganda for five years from 1966 to 71.In </p><p>1969 after the death of King (Freddie) Edward Mutesa Walugembe 11 in exile, there was a panic </p><p>in Kampala city which was invaded by a type of lizard known as EMBALASASA, which bit </p><p>people and they died in a space of 72 hours. The fortune tellers, witchdoctors attributed this to </p><p>the angry gods who were not happy with the Obote government, which they predicted was </p><p>about to fall. </p><p>This came to pass when the Military in defiance of the 1967 constitution, took over power in </p><p>1971 January 25th led by Major General Idi Amin Dada who was the commander of the Army </p><p>by then, while Dr.Obote was attending a Commonwealth conference in Singapore. The political </p><p>activities were suspended and parliament dissolved in what the military called an interim period </p><p>to rectify the 18 points it had given as a reason for taking over the civilian government and later </p><p>promised to return it to the civilian rule after addressing those points. </p><p>Political Prisoners set free and the return of Kabaka Mutesas remains Major General Amin set free all political prisoners who had been in Prison for five years under </p><p>detention without trial in Karamoja who included, Ibingira Grace, Mathias Ngobi, Abubaker </p><p>Mayanja, Paul Semogerere, Dr Lumu,late Bendicto Kajimu Mugumba Kiwanuka, late Jolly Joe </p><p>Kiwanuka and the soldiers who were detained in connection with Brigadier Pierino Okoyas </p><p>death outside Gulu town in 1970 .Among them included Captain Smarts Guwedeko FROM </p><p>Gulu Airbase and his four other colleagues,, Kayongo a soldier with the heart beat of Africa </p><p>dancing troupe, who beat-up Minister Kakonge the secretary general of UPC in the slums of </p><p>Wabigalo, and castrated him over a woman who later become a wife to General Idi Amin,called </p><p>Madinah Amin. All political prisoners in the country including Sebaduka the brother of Haji </p><p>Ausi in Ndeeba a Kampala surburb, who attempted to shoot Obote in December 1969 at Lugogo </p><p>Indoor Stadium. The UPC was holding their Annual General Assembly at that time and the bullet </p><p>just blazed his mouth. </p><p> Immediately thereafter, the Military Government led by Major General Idi Amin Dada, </p><p>organised the return of the remains of Kabaka Edward Mutesa Walugembe the 11, who had died </p><p>in exile in November 1969 in a London apartment, where he was sustained on a welfare system </p><p>of the UK government. This made Amin very popular among the Baganda who danced to praise </p><p>him as Ssalongo and savior. The remains were vied in Namirembe St. Paul Cathedral for 7 days </p><p>.Throng of lines from morning to evening and throughout the night were coming from all the </p><p>sides of City, from Masaka road, Mityana road, Hoima road, Bombo road, Namirembe road, </p><p>Makindye and Ndeeba, Entebbe road. The Baganda mourned their king and I went to </p><p>Namirembe twice to view the body of King Freddie, which took me more than 4 hours from the </p><p>Nakivubo Stadium up to the Cathedral. The military government paid for all the costs until King </p></li><li><p>6 </p><p>Freddie was laid to rest at Muzigu Azala Mpanga with his grand fathers. His commanding officer </p><p>and guardian in the Grenadier guards where he was a Captain attended the burial, together with a </p><p>representative of the queen. </p><p>Politicians, soldiers and government officials flee the country </p><p>Later many politicians and political ideologist of the common man's charter, move to the left </p><p>who were professing Communism ,socialism, Marxist policies, and National Service for all able </p><p>bodied Ugandans in this capitalist country, like Kirunda Kivejinja, Bidandi Sali, Kintu Musoke, </p><p>Yoweri Museveni, late Chango Macho, late Akena Adoko, lateTito Okello, late Brigadier Oyite </p><p>Ojok, late Captain Oyile, student leaders of NUSU and NUYO like Olara Otunu, and Masette </p><p>Kuya fled to Tanzania where he had come from a few years back. After his university education </p><p>in Dar es Salaam, he joined, Apollo Milton Obote's government working in Presidents </p><p>office.Many others who were in the army, police, security agencies, cabinet ministers etc also </p><p>fled. Others went through the northern border via Owiny Kibul through Port Said in Sudan, and </p><p>to Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, while other remained in the country lying low like an envelope. </p><p>All these were running away in defiance of the Military Government which had taken power </p><p>and suspended all political activities in the country. </p><p>The formation of fighting groups and clandestine activities </p><p>In exile they formed up fighting groups like the UPC''s Kikosi Ma aluum ,Museveni's Fronasa </p><p>(Front for National Salvation ) who with a combined force made early attempts to attack Uganda </p><p>in 1972 September 16th.and backed up by Tanzania Peoples Defense Forces. </p><p> But Mr. Museveni continued with his defiant campaign ,continued to carry out clandestine </p><p>activities, smuggling guns into the country, blowing up power lines, recruiting young people in </p><p>Mbale, Kyambogo technical school in Kampala and Mbarara like black etc. He at one time </p><p>survived arrest at Maluku estate Mbale where he fled to the forest, after shooting at the military </p><p>police who were pursuing him(His own Story ) and disappeared in the thicket..Later the young </p><p>men, who were with him, were arrested shot at a firing squad in Mbale 1972 after they were </p><p>convicted of engaging in rebel (defiance) and treasonable activities. </p><p>Invasion from Tanzania in 1972- Crashed </p><p>This invasion was crashed badly by the Uganda Armed forces elements from ,1 UA Eagle </p><p>Garrison Jinjas Cand D companies, 4 UA Simba Battalion MbararaA, B, C and D companies, </p><p>3 UA Tiger battalion Mubende s C and D companies, Kifaru Merchandised Reconnaissance </p><p>Regiment Bondo Arua Cand D companies, Malire Merchandised Specialist Reconnaissance </p><p>Regiment Ferret scouts unit and Tank company,Lubiri Kampala, Suicide Revolutionary </p><p>Me...</p></li></ul>