Bridging the Talent Gap In

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    BRIDGING THE TALENT GAP IN

    BANGLADESHSDEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND

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    Introduction

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    Bangladesh is an Over populated

    Country

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    Goldman Sachs,

    The internationally

    famed investment banking andsecurities firm, has identified

    Bangladesh as one of 11 countrieswith fast growth

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    The former Prime Minister of

    Malaysia, Dr Mahathir Mohammad

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    Overpopulation is not a burden It can be turned into an asset for a

    country

    If the people are provided with proper

    education, training and become

    resourceful in different respects Bangladesh could turn its 162 million

    population into assets

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    Over population is an opportunity

    and also a challenge

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    Bangladeshhas the same opportunity because

    age groups Statistics indicates that

    we can provide educated and

    talented man power if we can

    meet up the infrastructuraldevelopment.

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    AGE GROUP STATISTICS

    . 0-14 years: 33.8% (male 23,069,242;

    female 21,995,457)

    15-64 years: 62.8% (male 42,924,778;female 40,873,077)

    65 years and over: 3.4% (male 2,444,314;

    female 2,069,816) (2002 est.)

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    It should be 30%-40%

    schoolchildren should be intohigher education unless the target

    will not be achievable.

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    We Can Have Demographic

    Dividend if the 0-14 years: 33.8%are provided with education,

    training

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    Thing Need to be Taken Care Off

    The Government of Bangladesh spends 2.4%

    of GNP on education. This is the lowest

    percentage in the region. Both India and

    Nepal spend 3.2% of GNP on education.

    Pakistan spends 2.7%.

    Primary school enrollment is approximately

    94%. However, only 76% of students completeclass 5.

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    Thing Need to be Taken Care Off

    Most non-enrolled children belong to socio-

    economically disadvantaged households and

    illiterate parents.

    The primary school dropout rate is 23.6%.

    The average attendance rate is 60%.

    On average, students take 6.6 years tocomplete the five-year primary school

    program.

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    No State Can Do Iton Its Own

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    In terms of Bangladesh It is

    very difficult for our state toengage in building 30%

    enrollment target.

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    It has one of the largest

    primary education systems in

    the world, with an estimated

    18 million primary school agedchildren (ages 6 to 10 years)

    The student to teacher ratio ingovernment primary school is

    59:1

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    As a result of these and other factors,

    school completion rates and academicachievement remains low. Fifty-six

    percent of children never enroll in

    secondary school. Additionally, gender discrimination is

    deeply entrenched in families and society

    at large, preventing many girls fromattending school and fulfilling their

    academic potential.

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    It is not possible for a state to give

    enrollment for the 30% (40 million)of the total population in the next

    decade

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    At present times we have only

    31 Public and 54 PrivateUniversities To meet up the

    need of 30% population we willneed almost 350 Universities.

    The Business and NGO ShouldCome Forward for this.

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    Getting On Board

    Bangladeshs

    Wave

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    Room to Read The team will

    also explore potentialopportunities for partnership

    with local and nationalgovernment, non-profit

    organizations, and communities

    to establish libraries and girls

    scholarships.

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    Be There, Do It

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    Program Total Thru 2009 2010 (Projected)

    Libraries

    Established

    75 100

    New Local

    Language Titles

    - 5

    Schools

    Constructed

    - -

    Girls' Education

    Participants

    234 234

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    It is a matter also to be recognized

    that the private sector in

    Bangladesh has come forward to

    invest in education and healthsectors (Private universities and

    medical colleges, hospitals and

    schools).

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    IT is a matter also to be recognized that the private sector in Bangladesh has comeforward to invest in education and health sectors (Private universities and medicalcolleges, hospitals and schools). This move needs to be strengthened to establishmore schools, medical colleges and universities all over the country, especially inthe north-western regions. It may be mentioned that there are 51 privateuniversities in Bangladesh, but none on the North-Western region. And among 30

    private medical colleges only two are on the other side of the river Jamuna, one atBogra and the other at Pabna. Excepting RU and KU four/five new publicuniversities have been recently set up in that region with very limited seats. So isthe case with teachers training institutes. There is a huge backlog in trainingteachers at schools- both primary and secondary level. Currently there is acuteshortage of teachers in all stages of education.

    Teachers training colleges, medical and engineering colleges and universitiesshould be set up in all UZ towns in the private sector under public-private project

    fund in ADP. Lots of questions will arise when public funds are to be placed withthe private sector. The GoB has already placed EEF initially with Bangladesh Bankto ICB for some special projects in the agro and IT sector for the private sector. Thesame approach may also be followed for P-P project fund.

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