British Antislavery, 1833-1870by Howard Temperley

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  • North Carolina Office of Archives and History

    British Antislavery, 1833-1870 by Howard TemperleyReview by: James L. GodfreyThe North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 50, No. 2 (April, 1973), pp. 222-223Published by: North Carolina Office of Archives and HistoryStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23528973 .Accessed: 12/06/2014 17:15

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  • 222 Book Reviews

    a fleeting reference to him is made on one page of the text. Surely in a book on

    the Jacksonian age Polk merits equal billing with Martin Van Buren. Secondly, Remini gives Jackson himself the credit for the accomplishments of the 1830s;

    but when he laments the Indian removal policy or the lack of interest in behalf

    of blacks, the author attributes such failings to the Jacksonians, not to Jackson. He thus places the guilt upon collective shoulders and the praise upon the dy namic presidentAndrew Jackson.

    These caveats aside, Remini presents an impressive book filled with excellent

    primary materials and a thoughtful essay. Professors and students alike will

    benefit from it.

    University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    Paul H. Bergeron

    British Antislavery, 1833-1870. By Howard Temperley. (Columbia: University of

    South Carolina Press, 1972. Preface, introduction, epilogue, appendixes, notes,

    bibliography, index. Pp. xvii, 298. $12.95.)

    There has been no dearth of writings on slavery, but Temperley has chosen

    for himself an area that is sparsely occupied by scholarly works. British by birth

    and through most of his education, he has selected the British antislavery move

    ment from 1833 to 1870 as the subject of concernthat is from the Emanci

    pation of the Slaves Act to the point when English humanitarians were turn

    ing their attentions more and more to slavery within Africa itself. Of this

    period he has made a vivid story that contributes much to the bibliography on

    slavery and should be of special interest to American readers who, through their

    concern with the domestic issues of slavery, all too seldom get a chance to see

    that institution in its broader scope. The backbone of the study is found very largely in the English antislavery

    societies, which were numerous. Using these as the core, the author constructs

    the work around a structure of topics and periods. The device introduces order in

    to complexity and yields a narrative that carries the reader along at a good pace.

    Style never hurts but in this instance proves a blessing since the author's skill in

    the felicitous use of words eases the reader's journey immeasurably. All in all, the book is both scholarly and enjoyablea union of virtues too seldom achieved.

    Temperley begins with a discussion of the British reaction to the emancipa tion of the slaves in all territory under the British crown in 1833. In a sense the book starts with the most dramatic episode of the period and then slides off to the preoccupation of antislavery zealots with the existence of slavery in

    other areas, of which the most important were the United States, Brazil, and Cuba. One might expect the book to suffer from this lessening of moral tension but many of those who opposed slavery could maintain their fervor at fever

    pitch so long as the heinous practice of slavery continued anywhere. Through

    THE NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL REVIEW

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  • Book Reviews 223

    their societiesthe most important and enduring was the British and Foreign

    Anti-Slavery Societythey tried to organize British opinion against slavery in

    foreign places and did their best to influence the British government to put

    pressure on other governments to bring the practice to an end.

    The author draws his information from the minutes and reports of the societies

    as well as the rich store of published works. The research was diligent, the

    organization skillful, and the result excellent.

    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    James L. Godfrey

    The Booker T. Washington Papers. Edited by Louis R. Harlan and others. Volume I :

    The Autobiographical Writings; Volume II: 1860-89. (Urbana: University of

    Illinois Press, 1972. Volume I, introduction, illustrations, index. Pp. xl, 469. $15.00; Volume II, chronology, illustrations, introduction, notes, bibliography, index.

    $15.00.)

    Booker T. Washington: The Making of a Black Leader, 1856-1901. By Louis R.

    Harlan. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1972. Preface, illustrations, notes, index. Pp. xi, 379. $10.95.)

    The publication of The Booker T. Washington Papers makes available for

    the first time the complete documentary records of one of the central figures of black history. The Papers also open up a wealth of social history and black

    culture. Volume I contains the autobiographical writings of the president of

    Tuskegee Institute. The autobiography, Up from Slavery, is by far the most

    important of the autobiographical documents. It presents an image of the

    author as he wished to be seen by the world, as a black version of the American

    Horatio Alger success story. To a great extent it was written as a public docu

    ment to promote Tuskegee Institute and encourage philanthropy "in furthering the good cause" by moving the philanthropists to endow the

    school. Thus it

    gives a deeper insight to the purpose and objectives of Tuskegee at the turn of

    the century than of Washington himself. It presents a nineteenth century

    message of the Puritan work ethic and the importance of clean living and

    honesty. It provided for many blacks a success model with which they could

    identify, and its appeal to the universal qualities of human nature made it popu

    lar with whites.

    The self-image as presented in Up from Slavery reveals only the public

    manthe black leader selected by white America. Washington's autobiography

    does not even hint at the fact that his philosophy of industrial education was

    bitterly contested by the black intellectual community as tending to keep the

    Negro in menial positions and to perpetuate the caste system.

    Volume II contains Washington's private papers which give a fuller and

    VOLUME L. NUMBER t, APRIL, 197S

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    Article Contentsp. 222p. 223

    Issue Table of ContentsThe North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 50, No. 2 (April, 1973), pp. 121-230Front MatterCrisis of Identity: The Negro Community in Raleigh, 1890-1900 [pp. 121-140]Papers from the Seventy-second Annual Session of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association: Raleigh, December 1, 1972Introduction [pp. 141-141]Don Higginbotham Receives Robert D. W. Conner Award [pp. 142-142]Review of North Carolina Fiction, 1971-1972 [pp. 143-148]Review of North Carolina Nonfiction 1971-1972 [pp. 149-154]Creatures of Carolina from Roanoke Island to Purgatory Mountain [pp. 155-168]Thomas Wolfe Once Again [pp. 169-189]

    North Carolina Bibliography, 1971-1972 [pp. 190-196]Book ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 197-199]Review: untitled [pp. 199-200]Review: untitled [pp. 200-201]Review: untitled [pp. 201-202]Review: untitled [pp. 202-203]Review: untitled [pp. 204-204]Review: untitled [pp. 204-205]Review: untitled [pp. 205-207]Review: untitled [pp. 207-207]Review: untitled [pp. 207-208]Review: untitled [pp. 208-209]Review: untitled [pp. 210-211]Review: untitled [pp. 211-212]Review: untitled [pp. 212-213]Review: untitled [pp. 213-214]Review: untitled [pp. 214-215]Review: untitled [pp. 216-216]Review: untitled [pp. 217-217]Review: untitled [pp. 218-219]Review: untitled [pp. 219-220]Review: untitled [pp. 220-221]Review: untitled [pp. 221-222]Review: untitled [pp. 222-223]Review: untitled [pp. 223-225]Review: untitled [pp. 225-226]Other Recent Publications [pp. 226-230]

    Back Matter

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