ULACIT,2011,I QUARTERLISTENING AND SPEAKING IIIJERSON GOMEZ ORTIZ
2. History of Buddhism
The history of Buddhism religion dates back to the year 580 BC, which started with the birth of Buddha Siddhartha Gautama. Born in the Lumbini, Southern Nepal, Siddhartha left his home at a young age of 29 years, in search of enlightenment. After going through a life of self-denial, discipline and meditation, he attained enlightenment, which resulted in the alleviation of all his pain and suffering. He then set on a journey of teaching people the path to enlightenment that would liberate them from the cycle of life and death.
3. Current Status of Buddhism
Today, Buddhism has spread to almost all the countries of the world, with the population of Buddhists estimated to be around 350 million. Out of these, almost half the number practice Mahayana tradition. The largest population of Buddhist is in China, while, Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar have the highest proportion of Buddhists in their population. The religion is also becoming quite widespread in America, Australia and United Kingdom.
4. Gautam Buddha - The Originator of Buddhism
The word 'Buddha' is a title and not a name in itself. It means 'one who is awake' (in the sense of having 'woken up to reality'). The title was given to Siddhartha Gautama, who was born in Lumbini (Nepal), approximately 2,500 years ago. He did not claim to be a God and he has never been regarded as such by Buddhists. He was a human being who became Enlightened, understanding life in the deepest way possible.
Samye Monastery is located on the north bank of the YarlungTsangpo River in Zhanang County, is the first formal Buddhist Monastery with the Buddha Dharma and Sangha in Tibet.
Meanwhile, it is also the birthplace of the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, and the key cultural relics under state protection.
This temple was built during the 770 under the patronage of King TrisongDetsen, with the play directed by Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita, the two masters of India that the king had invited to Tibet.
6. Great Bell Temple
Is a Buddhist temple located in Beisanhuan Road, Beijing, China
The Big Bell Temple was built in 1733 during the reign of Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty. The temple's name came after the famous "Yongle" Big Bell that is housed inside the temple, which was cast during the reign of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). According to a test by the Chinese Academy of Sciences , the Yongle Big Bell's sound could reaches up to 120 decibels and can be heard 50 kilometers away from the temple in the depth of night] Many music experts, including some from the Chinese Acoustics Institute have found its tone pure, deep and melodious with a sprightly rhythm
7. Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum
The Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum is a Buddhist temple and museum complex located in the Chinatown district of Mexico.
The temple is based on the Tang dynasty architectural style and built to house the tooth relic of the historical Buddha . The ground breaking ceremony was conducted on 13 March 2005. Costing S$62 million and 2 years later, a soft launch was held to coincide with the 2007 Vesak Day celebration.Itis claimed that the relic of Buddha from which it gains its name was found in 1980 in a collapsed stupa in Myanmar .