Buddhist Sculptures from a Stupa near Goli Village, Guntur Districtby T. N. Ramachandran

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  • Buddhist Sculptures from a Stupa near Goli Village, Guntur District by T. N. RamachandranReview by: W. Norman BrownJournal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 52, No. 1 (Mar., 1932), p. 90Published by: American Oriental SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/593600 .Accessed: 13/06/2014 00:39

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  • 90 Reviews of Books

    The various Indian sciences offer an attractive field of study, as this work illustrates. Some have been treated already; others remain. The exploration of works dealing with them not only assists the student of literature; it may also contribute an item here and there to natural science.

    Buddhist Sculptures from a Stupa near Goli Village, Guntur District. By T. N. RAMACHANDRAN. (Bulletin of the Madras

    Museum -New Series, General Section, Vol. I, Part 1).

    Madras: GOVERNMENT PRESS, 1929. Pp. 47, with 12 plates.

    Rs. 2/12.

    A handful of sculptures from a stupa mound in the Guntur

    region, belonging to the " Amaravati School ", is here briefly,

    accurately, and scientifically described by Mr. Ramachandran. Every piece is clearly identified and compared, in tabular arrange-

    ment, with similar scenes in other sculpture of the same school.

    This table shows the parallel representations, and at the same time

    helps in dating the Goli finds, which Mr. Ramachandran considers

    from various points of view, and puts in the late (fourth) Amara-

    vati period. Mr. Ramachandran's method is one of perfect clarity,

    and his small monograph is a good piece of scholarship. While every scene is most plausibly identified, I should make a

    small suggestion concerning the details of one. In the case of the

    visit of the Buddha to his wife Yasodhard (Plate II F, described

    pp. 5-7), I would suggest that instead of reading the scenes from

    left to right, we should read them from Tight to left, as in the

    Nalagiri scene (Plate III HI). We would then have at the extreme

    right Rahula asking his mother to go visit the Buddha, while she

    refuses; in the center she would be seated waiting for the Buddha,

    while Rdhula, appearing before her, goes to invite him; at the left,

    the Buddha is entering the apartment, while Rdhula greets him,

    and Yas4odhard, at the extreme left, f alls to her knees. In the

    case of Plates I, IV, and VIII, the couples should perhaps be

    regarded as auspicious Mithuna couples. There is much more material in the Madras Government

    Museum, and in the Madras Presidency, which the Museum could

    well consider having Mr. Ramachandran publish.

    W. NORMAN BROWN.

    University of Pennsylvania.

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