By: Megan Abadom 1607 – 1865 Mrs. Fowler 3rd period

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ABC Book Of U.S HistoryBy: Megan Abadom1607 1865Mrs. Fowler 3rd periodAAbolitionist a person who strongly favors doing away with slavery.Anthony, Susan B known best for womens rights, and the temperance movement.Anti Federalist those opposed to the constitution and the power of the federal government.Articles of Confederation Adopted in 1781 at the Second Continental Congress.

BBessemer Steel Process process of removing impurities from iron to make steel.Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments of the Constitution , Adopted in 1791.Boston Massacre The killing of 5 unarmed citizens who were protesting about taxes.Boston Tea Party - A group of men dumped 342 barrels of tea into the ocean because of taxes.

CCalhoun , John C from South Carolina severed as secretary of war, was vice president for 2 presidents.Clay , Henry known as the Great Compromiser, Missouri Compromise.Checks and Balances system in which each branch shares its powers but can check each others activities.Constitution document that outlines the power of the government.

DDavis, Jefferson - President of the Confederate states during the Civil War.Declaration of Independence Adopted on July 4, 1776, colonist declared freedom from Britain.Douglass, Fredrick Famous abolitionist, he was a writer an orator.Dred Scott vs Sanford Case that confirmed that slaves were property and not citizens of the U.S.

EEffigy rag figure representing an unpopular individual.Electoral College a special group of voters selected by their states voters it vote for the president and vice president.Emancipation Proclamation In 1863, president Lincoln issued this order to free all slaves in the Confederate States.English Bill of Rights In 1689, Queen Mary acknowledged this document which guaranteed certain basic rights to English citizens.

FFamous abolitionist the following people helped end slavery ; William Lloyd Garrison, John Brown, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe.Federalist Those in favor of the Constitution and the federal government.French and Indian War This war was fought between France and Britain, for control of the Ohio River Valley.Fundamental Orders of Connecticut 1st written constitution in the American colonies.

GGadsden Purchase a strip of land along the southern edge of present day states of Arizona and New Mexico.Garrison , William Lloyd one of the first white abolitionist, wrote a book called the LiberatorGibbons vs. Ogden proves that the federal government has ultimate cotrol over the interstate system when it comes to commerce and trade.Grant, Ulysses general of the Union Army , his solders wore blue.

H Hamilton, Alexander was the 7th president of the United States, he was the one who, signed the Indian Removal Act , and the Trail of Tears. Hancock ,John the president of Congress was the 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence.Henry, Patrick He stated give Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death because he wanted to be free from England.Homestead Act gave 160 acres of free land to any settler who paid a filing fee and lived on the land for 5 years.

IImpressment forcing people into service , as in the navy. Indian Removal Act act allowed federal government to pay Native Americans to move west. Industrial Revolution movement where people started using machines instead of doing it by hand.Intolerable Act act that closed the harbor, punishment for he Boston Tea Party.

JJackson , Andrew passed the Indian Removal Act, 8th president of the United States.Jays Treaty British agreed to withdraw from American soil, provided settlements of debts from 1776.Jones, John Paul - naval officer for America, I have not yet begun to fight. Judicial Review the right of the supreme court to determine if law violates Constitution.

KKansas also known as Bleeding Kansas because of a small Civil War that took place there.Kansas Nebraska Act Kansas and Nebraska got to chose whether they were a free state of a slave state through popular sovereignty.Key , Francis Scott wrote The Star Spangled Banner, at Fort McHenry.Knox , Henry secretary of war in the 1st Congress.

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LLafayette, Marquis de trusted aid to George Washington.Lee, Robert E general of the Confederate army during the Civil War, his soldiers won grey during battle. Little Turtle - Chief of the Miami people.Lincoln, Abraham President during the Civil War, signed the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address.

MManifest Destiny Belief that the United States was destined by Good to acquire all the land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.Marbury vs. Madison Established that the Supreme Court of the United States was the final authority in reviewing cases.Marshall, John Chief justice of Supreme court Marbury vs. Madison.Monroe , James Established the Monroe Doctrine.

14NNative American were removed from homeland and sent to Oklahoma.New England Colonies region of 13 colonies known for being cold and its fishing and fur production.Northwest Ordinance passed in 1787 set up a system for establishing settlements in the west.Nullification Crisis to protect United States goods Congress passes high taxes on all imported goods.

OOlive Branch Petition petition that assured the king of colonist desire for peace.Onis , Louis De Spanish minister to the United States demanded punishment of Jackson and his officers.Ordinance of 1785 Established a procedure for surveying and selling the Western lands north of the Ohio River.Otis , James a young lawyer on Boston he argued about taxes.

PPaine , Thomas He wrote an influential pamphlet called Common Sense in 1776 encouraging colonists to free themselves from the British king.Patriots colonist determined to fight the British for Independence.Penn , William Established Pennsylvania, a wealthy English man, the Quakers.Perry, Oliver Hazzard commander of the Lake Erie naval forces.

17QQuakers were tolerate with the views of others.Quartering of Soldiers to provide living for soldiers in war, they could force their selves into peoples homes with their weapons.Quebec the capital of New France, impossible to attack.Quebec Act passed shortly after the Coercive Acts further angered the colonist, set-up a permanent government.

RReconstruction period on which South was readmitted back into the Union.Reform Movement a revival of religious faith, women took active roles.Representative Government power is led by the people and applied through them by elected representative.Rush- Bagot Treaty the removal of weapons along an important part of the border between the United States and British Canada.

SSaratoga, Battle of turning point of the American Revolution, France joins the colonist.Scott, Dred was an enslaved African American bought by an army doctor in Missouri, a slave state.

Sedition Acts made it a crime to speak, write, or publish critism of government.

Seven Year War war between America and Europe.

TTea Act this measure gave a company the right to ship to colonies without paying most of the taxes.

Tecumseh a powerful Shawnee chief, built a confederacy among Native Americans nations in the Northwest.

Thames, Battle of the battle that Tecumseh was killed in.

Truth , Sojourner was a former slave, fought for womens rights and abolition.

UUnalienable rights - a right that can not be surrendered.

Uncle Toms Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote influential book, it is said to be the starter of the Civil War.

Unconstitutional not agreeing, or constituent with the Constitution.

Underground Railroad a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South and into the North.

VVaquero Hispanic ranch hand.Veto to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law.Virginia first permanent settlement in Jamestown in 1607.Vigilantes people who take the law into their own hands.

WWar Hawk republicans during Madisons presidency who pressed for war with Britain.War of 1812 war because Britain forced United States sailors to join the navy.Washingtons Farewell Address- final speech, stressed danger of having political parties.Whiskey Rebellion a small rebellion that took place because of tax on whiskey.

XXYZ Affair three French agents who demanded bribe and a loan from America.

YYankee Union soldier.Yellow journalism a type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting.Yeoman Southern owner of a small farm who did not have enslaved people.Yorktown, Battle of the final battle of the American Revolution the Americans win in 1781.

ZZenger, John Peter faced charges of libel for printing a critical report about royal government of New York.

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