California Alcohol & Drug Programs Conference October 13, .California Alcohol & Drug Programs Conference

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California Alcohol & Drug Programs ConferenceOctober 13, 2010

Dean Lesicko Murrieta Valley Unified School DistrictDean Lesicko, Murrieta Valley Unified School DistrictDr. Lisa Garbrecht, EVALCORPDr. Shanelle Boyle, EVALCORP

Overview of Breakthrough SAP Background Background Program components Family ConferencesOverview of Evaluation Overview of Evaluation

Key Evaluation Findings Participation in Family Conferences Findings on school attendance, discipline incidents and GPA Survey findings on AOD use and resiliency Student and parent satisfaction

Lessons Learned and Recommendations Questions/Discussion


Inspire every student to think, to learn, t hi tto achieve, to care.


The Riverside County Department of Mental Health Substance Abuse Program Prevention Services partnered with the MurrietaAbuse Program, Prevention Services partnered with the Murrieta Valley Unified School District (MVUSD)

Received 5-year Safe & Drug-Free Schools and Communities (SDFSC) grant in the 2007-2008 fiscal year to fund Breakthrough, an alcohol and other drug (AOD) reduction focused Student Assistance Program (SAP)

Grant allowed the SAP to expand from a single MVUSD staff member to a small district-wide team


Across MVUSD high schools:S d l d d ll f Suspensions and expulsions increased dramatically from 2005/2006 to 2006/2007



33 500

200 2005/2006



Suspensions Expulsions


Across MVUSD high schools:g

22% of 11th graders reported binge drinking on CHKS


Addresses the need to reduce high risk use and binge drinkingAddresses the need to reduce high risk use and binge drinking in MVUSD high schools


Four High Schools Murrieta Valley Vista Murrieta Vista Murrieta Creekside (continuation school) Murrieta Mesa (as of 2009-2010)

At i k t d t h d d f AOD l t d At-risk students who are suspended for AOD-related incidents and those who are referred or self-referred


Through collaborations with MVUSD administration, became district policy to refer all high school students suspended for p y g pAOD and violence-related behaviors to Breakthrough


Other sources: Concerned school staff, parents, peers, coaches Gifted and talented programs

St d t St d T Student Study Team School Attendance Review Board and similar programs Parenting programs Juvenile probation Child Protective Services Child Protective Services County programs including ATOD treatment wanting support for children

of clients in treatment YAT/YAB


Intensive Internal Referral Process and Services Individualized Family Conferences and Family Action Planning Suicide Prevention and Intervention

Targetedg Educational Student Support Groups Parenting Workshops Support Groups

Universal School Board Policy Staff Development Prevention Lessons Integration with Other School-based Programs Cooperation and Collaboration Communitywide Classroom Curriculum and School-wide Events Crisis Team Response



Adapted Project SUCCESS (Schools Using Coordinated Community Efforts to Strengthen Students) ModelCommunity Efforts to Strengthen Students) Model

Family Conferences Individual counseling Educational intervention and support groups Newcomers, Substance Abusers and Users, Children of Substance Abusers

Prevention Education Series Prevention Education Series Prevention lessons in selected 9th grade Health classes and for new

students in the continuation high school

Parent workshops Promotional prevention materials


Core strategy focused on the family

Breakthrough initiates Family Conference with referred students and their parents 90 minute structured interview using Brief Risk Reduction Interview and

Intervention Model (BRRIIM) Assess strengths, risks, needs and resources Collaboratively develop Family Service Plan

Family Service Plans include: Student responsibilities Parent responsibilitiesp Breakthrough staff responsibilities Breakthrough staff recommendations and referrals (for parents and



C lCounselor

Family SchoolDistrict&Community

Long-term goals are to:

Reduce illegal use of AOD by youth Reduce violence in and around schools Reduce academic failure associated with violence and/or Reduce academic failure associated with violence and/or

AOD use Involve parents and communities in the SAP as a way to

coordinate school, community, and related federal and state efforts and resources


Overview of EvaluationOverview of Evaluation& Key Evaluation Findings& Key Evaluation Findings


EVALCORP evaluation began mid-year 2008-2009

Comprehensive, formative evaluation design

Participatory approach

Collaborated with project staff to: Design data collection tools and tracking database Track program referrals and participationp g p p Conduct evaluative surveys Collect data indicators Identify key informants

I l i fi di Interpret evaluative findings


MVUSD data indicators At individual and district levels At individual and district levels Attendance, GPA, discipline incidents, suspensions/expulsions

Survey research Pilot CHKS Modules B and C Student Survey (with CHKS items) Student Evaluation Survey Family Conference Exit Survey Family Conference Exit Survey

Document reviews

Key informant interviews Key informant interviews


Breakthrough Family Conference referrals and participantsP i i i i d f 53% 63% f f l Participation increased from 53% to 63% of referrals


Gender:2008 2009 55% l 45% f l 2008-2009: 55% male, 45% female

2009-2010: 70% male, 30% female

Ethnicity% of FC


% of FC Participants


White 45% 49%White 45% 49%Hispanic 33% 36%African American 11% 12%Asian/Pacific Islander 9% 2%Asian/Pacific Islander 9% 2%American Indian/Alaskan Native 2% 1%



% of FC % of FCReason

% of FC Participants


% of FC Participants


AOD use 60% 43%

Anger/violence 20% 18%

Academic 14% 7%

Grief 1% 5%

Tobacco 5% 1%

Oth ( t l h lth i ) 0% 26%Other (mental health issues) 0% 26%


Average attendance rates significantly increased after Family Conference participationConference participation


82%2008-2009Attendance Before FC

91%82%2009-2010 Attendance

After FC

75% 80% 85% 90% 95%


Students who participated in a Family Conference had a higher year end GPA on average than those who werehigher year-end GPA on average than those who were referred but did not participate


Average number of discipline incidents significantly decreased after Family Conference participationdecreased after Family Conference participation

*2009-2010 analysis included only those with one or more discipline incidents before FC, whereas the previous years

l i i l d d ll FC ti i t


analysis included all FC participants

2004/2005 2009/20102004/2005 2009/2010Expulsions Suspensions




257 234 253

31 33 50 27 27 45

Year1 Year2 Year3 Year4 Year5 Year6

Breakthrough Begins


Prevention Education Series 2008 2009: 520 students participated 2008-2009: 520 students participated 2009-2010: 320 students participated

Educational and Support GroupsEducational and Support Groups 2008-2009: 104 students participated 2009-2010: 169 students participated

Individual Counseling 2008-2009: 178 individual counseling sessions 2009-2010: 194 individual counseling sessions


On CHKS Module B, Breakthrough Family Conference participants demonstrated fairly high levels of resiliencyparticipants demonstrated fairly high levels of resiliency The majority plan to graduate from high school, had goals for the future,

and believed they could do most things if they tried Most also said that a parent/adult in their home expected them to follow

rules and wanted them to do their best

On Student Survey, more students said they knew where to go for help with a problem after participating in Breakthrough

More students believed that a teacher or some adult at their school really cares about them, notices when they are upset, believes they will be a success, and/or whom they trust

Students were more likely to indicate that they had future goals/plans Fewer students missed school because they felt unsafe


On CHKS Module C, students participating in Breakthrough for 6 months or more were more likely to report no alcohol orfor 6 months or more were more likely to report no alcohol or marijuana use in past 3 months, compared to those who recently began the program

20% more students were alcohol-free and25% more students were marijuana-free who had been in the program 6 months h h h h d d hthan those who had just entered the program

On Student Survey, binge drinking decreased from 20% before Breakthrough to 4% after Breakthrough intensive servicesBreakthrough to 4% after Breakthrough intensive services

Downward trend for use of alcohol, tobacco, prescription drugs, cocaine, meth and other illegal drugs after Breakthrough Family Conference, indi id a