Canons Of Dort and TULIP

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The Canons of DortandT-U-L-I -PLim Jyh Jang, Pastor Pilgrim Covenant ChurchOctoberNovember 2000The Canons of Dort, Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace

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The Cano ns o f Do rta n d a n d a n d a n d a n dT- U- L- I- PLi m Jyh Ja n g , Li m Jyh Ja n g , Li m Jyh Ja n g , Li m Jyh Ja n g , Li m Jyh Ja n g , Pa st o r Pa st o r Pa st o r Pa st o r Pa st o rP i l g r i m Co ven a n t Ch u r ch P i l g r i m Co ven a n t Ch u r ch P i l g r i m Co ven a n t Ch u r ch P i l g r i m Co ven a n t Ch u r ch P i l g r i m Co ven a n t Ch u r chOctober Novem ber 2000Co nte ntsPa geTh e Ca n on s of Dor t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Tota l Depr a vity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Un con dition a l Election . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Lim ited Aton em en t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19I r r esistible Gr a ce . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Per sever a n ce of th e Sa in ts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31Pr a ctica l I m plica tion s of Ca lvin ism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37Bibliogra ph y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42I n dex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Ca n on s of Dor t 3I n l ess t h a n a m o n t h s t i m e1, m a n y Refo r m edch u r ch es a r ou n d th e wor ld wou ld be com m em or a t-in g th e Gr ea t Pr otesta n t Refor m a tion wh ich begu nin Ger m a n y on 31 October, 1517. On th a t pr oviden -tia l da y, Ma r tin Lu th er n a iled h is fa m ed 9 5 Theseson th e door of th e ca stle ch u r ch of Witten ber g. I n n otim e, with ou t Lu th er s kn owledge, th is pa per wa scopied, a n d r epr odu ced in gr ea t n u m ber s with th eth en r ecen tly in ven ted pr in tin g m a ch in e, a n d dis-tr ibu ted th r ou gh ou t Eu r ope. Th is pa per wa s to beu sed by ou r Sover eign Lor d to ign ite th e Refor m a -tion , wh ich sa w th e r elea se of th e tr u e Ch u r ch ofCh r ist fr om th e yoke a n d bon da ge of Rom e. Fou rh u n dr ed a n d eigh ty- th r ee yea r s h a ve gon e by sin ceth en . Toda y, th er e a r e cou n tless tech n ica lly Pr otes-ta n t ch u r ch es ( i.e., th ose wh ich ca n tr a ce ba ck toth e Refor m a tion in ter m s of h istor ica l lin ks) a r ou n dth e wor ld, bu t th er e a r e few wh ich still r em em berth e r ich h er ita ge of th e Refor m er s. I n fa ct, a gr ea tn u m ber of ch u r ch es wh ich cla im to be Pr otesta n th a ve, in fa ct, gon e ba ck to Rom e by wa y of doctr in ea n d pr a ctice, a n d som e even m a ke it th eir bu sin essto oppose th e Refor m er s a n d th eir h eir s.I a m con vin ced th a t on e of th e ch ief r ea son s for th issta te of a ffa ir in th e Pr otesta n t Ch u r ch is a con tem p-tu ou s a ttitu de towa r ds pa st cr eeds a n d con fession sa n d th e h istor ica l ba ttles a ga in st h er esies. Wh en , forexa m ple, th ere a re fu n da m en ta l defen ders of th e fa ithtea ch in g in Bible Colleges, wh o h a ve n ot so m u ch a sh ea r d of th e Ca n on s of Dor t or th e Syn od of Dor t,The Cano ns o f Do rtbu t wou ld la sh ou t a t h yper- Ca lvin ism , th en youkn ow th a t som eth in g is ser iou sly wr on g with in th eca m p. Yet, th is is in deed wh a t is h a ppen in g. Mostbeliever s in th e pews a r e n ot com for ta ble with th eo-logica l ja r gon s, n ot to m en tion bein g a ble to detectth e in cu r sion of su btle er r or s in to th e ch u r ch . Bu twh en m in ister s of th e Gospel a r e a lso u n con cer n eda bou t wh a t er r or s h a ve a lr ea dy been dea lt with byth e Ch u r ch in th e a ges of lea r n in g in th e pa st, th enwe kn ow th e floodga tes of a posta sy a r e bein g open ed;a n d wh o kn ows h ow fa r th e tor r en ts will ca r r y th eCh u r ch i n t h e n ext gen er a t i on ? Th e a t t i t u de ofpr ea ch er s, we m u st r em em ber, will in evita bly r u b offon th e m em ber s of th e ch u r ch , som e of wh om m a ybecom e lea der s of th e ch u r ch by a n d by.I t is for th is r ea son , I believe, th a t we m u st go ba ckto ou r pa st. We m u st r em em ber th e gr ea t wor k ofGod in a n d th r ou gh th e Ch u r ch in th e pa st, a n d seekto lea r n fr om th e m ista kes of ou r for ebea r s ( cf. Deu t2:30; 3:3; Ps 105:5 6) . I t is especia lly per tin en t foru s to do so a s we r em em ber th e Gr ea t Refor m a tion .La st yea r2, we look a t five key Refor m er s wh o wer egr ea tly u sed by God to sh a pe His Ch u r ch . Th is yea r,we sh a ll m ove a h u n dr ed yea r s a h ea d to look in -stea d a t th e h istor y a n d doctr in e of th e Ca n on s ofDor t ( or Dor dr ech t) . I n th is a r ticle, we sh a ll ta ke aqu ick look a t th e even ts lea din g u p to th e Syn od ofDor t. Fr om n ext Lor ds Da y, we sh a ll exa m in e th edoctrin e of th e Ca n on s in th e order of th e well-kn own1 Th is a rticle wa s written on 15 October, 2000.2 Th a t is, 1999.4 PCC, Oct Nov, 2 0 0 0a cr on ym , T- U- L- I - P, th a t h a s developed sin ce th en .Sin ce th e a ttitu de of disda in for h istor ica l th eologyis a lr ea dy qu ite en tr en ch ed in m a n y of ou r h ea r ts,it wou ld be n eedfu l th a t th e doctr in a l a r ticles beder i ved di r ect l y fr om t h e Scr i pt u r es r a t h er t h a nfr om th e Ca n on s ( wh ich we believe to be con sist-en t with Scr iptu r es) . Bu t we sh a ll qu ote th e ca n onwh er e a ppr opr ia te to sh ow th e wisdom , for esigh ta n d biblica l fidelity of th e fr a m er s of th e Ca n on s.In Bri e fTh e Ca n on s of Dor t wa s th e pr odu ct of a syn od ofRefor m ed ch u r ch es, wh ich m et between th e 13 No-vem ber, 1618 a n d 6 Ma y, 1619 in Dor t, Holla n d, toexa m in e th e tea ch in gs of th e disciples of Ja cobu sAr m in iu s, kn own a s th e Rem on str a n ts. Th ese h a dwa n ted th eir a r ticles of fa ith to be a dopted by th ech u r ch es in Holla n d, a n d so h a d petition ed th eDu tch Pa r lia m en t with a Rem on str a n tia con ta in -in g five poin ts. Th e pa rlia m en t ca lled for th e Syn od,a n d t h e r esu l t wa s t h a t t h e fi ve a r t i cl es of t h eRem on str a n tia wer e con dem n ed. Th e Ca n on s ofDor t docu m en ted th e fin din gs of th e Syn od. Th efu ll a n d r evea lin g title of th e docu m en t r ea ds:Ju dgem en t of t h e Na t i on a l Syn od of t h e Re-form ed Ch u rch es of th e Un ited Neth erla n ds: h eldin Dor dr ech t in th e yea r 1618 a n d 1619; wh ichwa s a ssisted by m a n y excellen t th eologia n s ofth e Reform ed Ch u rch es of Grea t Brita in , th e Elec-tor a l Pa la tin a te, Hessia , Switzer la n d, Wetter a w,Gen eva , Br em en , a n d Em den : Con cer n in g th ewell- kn own five h ea ds of doctr in e, a bou t wh icha differ en ce a r ose in th e Refor m ed Ch u r ch es ofth e sa id Un ited Neth er la n ds.I n a ll, 81 th eologia n s ( 56 Du tch a n d 25 for eign )m et for 154 session s, a n d a t th e en d of it con dem n edth e five poin ts of th e Rem on str a n tia a s bein g con -tr a r y to Scr iptu r e a n d h er etica l. Th e a r ticles of th eCa n on s wer e essen tia lly a system a tic a pology of th edoct r i n e of sa l va t i on a s t a u gh t by Joh n Ca l vi n .Th ou gh th e Ca n on s th em selves wer e on ly a doptedby th e ch u r ch es of Du tch or igin , a s pa r t of th e th r eeFor m s of Un ity ( wh ich in clu de th e Belgic Con fes-sion a n d th e Heidelber g Ca tech ism ) , th e fin din gsof th e Syn od wer e a n d a r e h eld in gr ea t esteem inCa lvin istic ch u r ch es th r ou gh ou t th e wor ld, a n d th eessen ce of it, a s su m m a r ised in th e Five Poin ts ofCa lvin ism or TULI P ( th e n a tion a l flower of Hol-la n d!) , is r ega r ded a s th e ya r dstick of Ca lvin isticor th odoxy in m ost En glish - spea kin g ch u r ch es inth e wor ld.Jaco bus Armi ni usJa cobu s Ar m in iu s ( c. 1559 1609) , a lso kn own a sJa cob Ha em en sz, wa s bor n in Ou dewa ter, Holla n d.Alth ou gh Ar m in iu s wa s, in fa ct, n ot th e or igin a torof th e doctr in e of th e Rem on str a n tia , a n d h a d, fu r-th er m or e, a lr ea dy died for a bou t 10 yea r s by th etim e th e Syn od of Dor t wa s con ven ed, it is n ot with -ou t h istor ica l r ea son s wh y th e doctr in e r efu ted byt h e Syn od i s popu l a r l y kn own a s Ar m i n i a n i sm .Ar m in iu s wa s, a fter a ll, th e m a n wh o m a de th edoctr in e espou sed by h is stu den ts popu la r.I n 1576, a t 17 yea r s old, Ar m in iu s wa s en r olled a sa th eologica l stu den t in th e Un iver sity of Leiden ( orLeyden ) . Five yea r s la ter, in 1581, h e wen t to Ge-n eva , a n d th er e stu died u n der Th eodor e Beza , wh oh a d su cceeded Joh n Ca lvin a s lectu r er in th eology.I t a ppea r s, h owever, th a t Ar m in iu s wa s n ever r ea llycom forta ble with Beza s doctrin e of election a n d rep-r oba tion , th ou gh h e did n ot sh ow it.Not lon g a fter h is ca ll to a pa stor a te in Am ster da min 1587, Ar m in iu s wa s a sked to r efu te a pa m ph let,wr itten by a m a n by th