Causes of the Civil War& The Civil War
What was king in the South?
The invention of this machine in 1793 greatly increased cotton production in the South.
What was one reason that Southerners said they needed slavery?
a) African-Americans should be treated like dogs b) Slavery was essential to the economy of the Southc) African-Americans wanted to be slavesd) Slaves would be paid for their work
Why did the admission of Missouri as a state cause an angry debate in Congress?
a) it would allow states to decide on slaveryb) it would prohibit slavery in Missouri c) it would upset the balance of free and slave statesd) it would ban the international sale of slaves
Causes and Issue leading to the Civil War
Henry Clay suggested the Missouri Compromise which kept the balance of slave states and free states in 1820.
A) Missouri became a slave stateB) Maine became a free stateC) slavery was prohibited in the North
Stephen A. Douglas suggested that popular sovereignty be used when Kansas and Nebraska became states in 1854 to let:A) These two states be slave statesB)These two states be free statesC)These states decide whether or not they wanted slavery
The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 guaranteed popular sovereignty for these states and by doing so threw out the Missouri Compromise.
_________ ________ helped many African-American slaves escape to the North as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
a) William Lloyd Garrisonb) Abraham Lincolnc) Harriet Tubmand) Dred Scott
This person was the best known Anglo abolitionist and publisher of the newspaper, The Liberator:
William Lloyd Garrison
This former slave was the most well-known African American abolitionist and publisher of the newspaper, the North Star:
This important Supreme Court decision said that slaves were property and therefore had no rights under the Constitution:Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1854)Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom after spending time with his master in a free state
This author of Uncle Toms Cabin showed how cruel slavery really could be by following the story of one slave who was traded from master to master:
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Leaders during the Civil War
President of the United States-Abraham Lincoln
Lincolns election in 1860 caused the South Carolina and other Southern states to secede from the Confederate States of America
The main goal of Lincoln at the beginning of the war was to:
Keep the Union together
The capital of the Union during the Civil War was located in Washington, D.C.
The President of the Confederate States of America:
The capital of the Confederacy was located in __________, only about 100 miles from the Union capital. Richmond, Virginia
Commander of the Union Army during the Civil War: Ulysses S. Grant
Commander of the Confederate Army during the Civil War:
Robert E. Lee
Events of the Civil War
Fort Sumter (in South Carolina) might be considered the first battle of the Civil War, fought in April of 1861.
The first major battle of the Civil War was fought just outside Washington, D.C.:1st Bull Run
1st Bull Run
The bloodiest battle of the Civil War-Antietam (in Maryland)-about 20,000 men were killed or wounded on a single day-September, 1862
The ________ _________ by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 was supposed to free all African-American slaves in the United States:
Up until July of 1863, the South won many of the major battles. Gettysburg (in Pennsylvania), the only major battle to be fought in the North, was the turning point of the War:
What speech was given by Lincoln a few months after Gettysburg to honor the dead? The Gettysburg Address
Vicksburg (Mississippi)-July 4th, 1863-Grant captures this city along the Mississippi River and divides the South into two separate regions
The Union tried to keep supplies out of Southern ports along the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic coast, and the Mississippi by ___________ them. A) blockadingB) bombardingC) taxingD) bribing
Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse,Virginia in April of 1865.
This event occurred on April 14th, 1865, just five days after Lee surrendered to Grant:
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
All of these were advantages for the Union EXCEPT:
A) they didnt have many resourcesB) they didnt have many factories to produce weaponsC) they were unfamiliar with the territory where they foughtD) they didnt have many railroad tracks
What was one advantage for the South during the Civil War?
a) they had a larger railway systemb) they had better generalsc) they had more factories
All of these were border states during the Civil War:A) KentuckyB) MissouriC) MarylandD) Delaware