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CCS past present and future CCS past present and future Professor Stuart Haszeldine SCCS University of Edinburgh RSC, Edinburgh 22 July 2015 [email protected] Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3LA Telephone +44 (0)131 650 0270 www.sccs.org.uk

CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

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Page 1: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future

Professor Stuart HaszeldineSCCS

University of Edinburgh

RSC, Edinburgh 22 July 2015

[email protected]

Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage

Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3LATelephone +44 (0)131 650 0270 www.sccs.org.uk

g y

Page 2: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CO2 : discovered in Scotland Old College 2011Old College 2011

Joseph Black was a student atstudent at Edinburgh from 1752-54

Original lab glassware discovered by Then taught in

Glasgow, and was Edinburgh

discovered by excavation in 2011. Now in

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

2

Edinburgh Professor of Chemistry in 1766

Royal Scottish Museum

Page 3: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

WHY CCS ?

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 3

Page 4: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Carbon embedded in electricity is constant

IEA 2015Tracking Clean Energy Progress Fig 2.2

Power sector (all sources) has not decarbonised at all since 1990.Growth in Renewables and Efficiency has matched the increased global demand

i l ik l 6 C i

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 4

Progress is very slow. Likely 4 to 6 C warmingCCS not needed to prevent 2C, but to reduce 4C 6C

Page 5: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Avoiding a carbon bubble1 tonne CO2 out = 1 tonne CO2 in

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh [email protected]

Faster fossil carbon extraction now ≠ Mitigation later ….

Page 6: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

What does CCS do ?

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 6

Page 7: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

UK is a fossil carbon state, ALL-energy RES

Many large EUMany large EU industrial States need a carbon

storage solution

27% EU target for 2030

UK NL BE DE PL 13-18 %

[email protected] 7Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 8: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

What does CCS look like ?look like ?

expensive

FINANCE

t iuncertain

CONFIDENCE

[email protected]

90% CO2 reduction on site75% along whole chain

Page 9: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Geological CO2 storage

CO2 storage is geologically secure

[email protected]

Eiffel Tower: 325mgeologically secure(millions of years)

Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July20159

Page 10: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CO2 capture and storage since 1996 : Sleipners ce 996 S e p e

1 Mt CO /1 Mt CO2 / yr

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201510

Page 11: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Recent examples : Learning for CCS

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 11

Page 12: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Full-scale full chain CCS projectsBoundary Dam, Sask.Boundary Dam, Sask. Texas Clean Energy Project, Texas Clean Energy Project, TxTx..

PostPost--combustion aminecombustion amine110MW, 1Mt/110MW, 1Mt/yryr, 2, 2ndnd Oct 2014Oct 2014

IGCC coal + EORIGCC coal + EOR245MW, 2245MW, 2--3Mt/3Mt/yryr, by 2017, by 2017

Kemper County, Miss.Kemper County, Miss. QUEST, Alb.QUEST, Alb.

IGCC coal + EORIGCC coal + EOR Heavy oil HHeavy oil H22 upgraderupgrader

[email protected]

IGCC coal EORIGCC coal EOR582 MW, 3.5 Mt/582 MW, 3.5 Mt/yryr, May 2015, May 2015

yy 22 pgpg1.1Mt/1.1Mt/yryr, Late 2015, Late 2015

12

Page 13: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Industry: Vacuum swing, Port Arthur, Texas

Air Products 2 x units vacuum swing solid adsorbtion, 90% capture, 97% purity, 1 Mt CO2/yr 159km pipe to Hastings field EOR 1 6 3 Mbbl/yr

Operating 2013 steam reformer for H2

1 Mt CO2/yr 159km pipe to Hastings field EOR 1.6 – 3 Mbbl/yr. 28 MWe steam and operations. Upscale potential 56 Mt CO2/yr in USA

[email protected] 13Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Operating 2013, steam reformer for H2 Embedded in Valero refinery

Page 14: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Power: new oxycombustion: Drax White Rose

Drax coal8 % UK electricity

448 MW new coal and biomass. Alstom Oxy-combustion power plantProducing 2 Mt CO2 / yr new pipe, to aquifer dome storageC tl UK l t l t 5% CO2 St t > 2018 i l 2023

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201514

Currently UK largest plant, 5% CO2. Start > 2018, commercial 2023Storage undergoing initial drilling 2013, 70 km offshore

Page 15: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Capture layout next to Drax

[email protected] 15Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

www.whiteroseccs.co.uk

Page 16: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Oxycombustion

www.whiteroseccs.co.uk

Upscaled Air Separation technology

[email protected] 16Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Upscaled Air Separation technologyNew, multiple and large oxy – boiler, burner, heater

Page 17: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Post-combustion amine CCS – in Scotland

2 750 tonnes CO / day

Peterhead to Goldeneye will capture 1 M tonnes CO2/ yr from 2018

2,750 tonnes CO2 / day

[email protected] 17Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Peterhead to Goldeneye will capture 1 M tonnes CO2/ yr from 2018First CCS in the world on gas-fuelled power plant

Page 18: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Peterhead: overview– World First first full-scale– World First first full-scale

CCS project on a gas-based power station

– Where capture at Peterhead Power Station; storage in depleted Goldeneye gas

Goldeneye Platform

p y greservoir (100 KM offshore)

– Impact 10 million tonnes of CO captured over a 10 to 15CO2 captured over a 10 to 15-year period (90% CO2 capture from one turbine)

St Fergus Terminal

– Funding UK Government support for both capital & operating expenses

g

Peterhead Power Stationp g p– Technology Cansolv post-

combustion capture using upgraded amines

[email protected] 18Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

upgraded amines

Page 19: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Peterhead : Onshore capture and compression refit

bCO2 pipe to subsea

capture

[email protected] 19Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 20: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

UK CCS : Peterhead - Capture• Cansolv post-combustion

• Own-brand di-amine

• Removes 90% CO2At 3.5% – 25% concn.

16-18% penalty

•SO2 reduce to 10-20 ppm•NO2 reduced

• Shenzhen, then Beijing 2004 B d D 20142004, Boundary Dam 2014

Post combustion amineEvolved from refinery and petrochemicals

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Tested at power plantScale-up 20x to 3,300 tCO2/day, Boundary Dam Sk

Page 21: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Platform, reservoir and multiple seal

Unstaffed

Reservoir: 3km

modelling, g,geochemistry, retention and leak scenarios,

BACKUP All situationsAll situations

examined with mitigation

3 seal layers,

Reservoir

y ,CO2 lateral movement

[email protected] 21Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

BUILD 2016 –operate 2019

Page 22: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

UK industry CCS, d E h d Oil Rand Enhanced Oil Recovery

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 22

Page 23: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

UK plans “Phase II” after first two projects

1km+

Research, development and innovationChapter 14

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

1km+

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ccs-policy-scoping-document

Page 24: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Tees-side ; UK’s largest complex

[email protected] 24Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Existing 5 Mt CO2/yr. Possible 50 Mt /yr. Low cost capture. Local network. Needs new pipe offshore to storage or EOR. Operating 2024 …

Page 25: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

INDUSTRY IN SCOTLAND

Keeping C intensive industry d 9 / CO2 l

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

– needs 9 Mt/yr CO2 cleanup

Page 26: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Industry capture : through existing pipelinesEDINBURGH/ GRANGEMOUTH ABERDEEN

Feeder 10 : 3.8 Mt/yr Captain Clean AND 3.5 Mt/yr CO2Feeder 10 : 3.8 Mt/yr Captain Clean AND 3.5 Mt/yr CO2West Lothian St Fergus

EDINBURGH/ GRANGEMOUTH ABERDEEN

Fife Ethylene Plant, 0 6 Mt/yr

CHP Grangem’th Refinery 0 5 Mt/yr

Grangemouth Refinery 0 5 Mt/yr

Total3.0

Total3.0 0.6 Mt/yr Refinery, 0.5 Mt/yr Refinery, 0.5 Mt/yr

Kinneil oil terminal,

Mt CO2 / yr

Mt CO2 / yrKinneil oil terminal,

0.5 Mt/yr/ yr/ yr

Fife NGL Plant, 0.1 Mt/yr

CHP Grangem’th Chems, 0.5 Mt/yr

Grangemouth Chems, 0.3 Mt/yr

D b i 20% f S tti h GHG i i 13 5 Mt/ CO2 b 2021

[email protected] 26Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Decarbonises 20% of Scottish GHG emissions 13.5 Mt/y CO2 by 2021Now eligible for Energy Union 2030 Innovation Fund support ?

Page 27: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

New Gasifier IGCC coal : Summit PowerCaptain sandstone Primary CO2

formation for added storage if needed

Injection for EOR Hub Development

Drives incremental 30,000 bopd of oil recovery, or 330 million barrels over CCEP’s 30 year plant life,

plus added amounts from other sources Existing offshore pipelines +

new Peterhead pipeline

CO2 store starts at Goldeneye Field

proven by Peterhead

Existing Feeder 10 pipeline

new Peterhead pipeline

Peterhead creates St Fergus as CO2 hub imports UK and UE

pipelineLinking central Scotland

and the central North Sea

CCEP #1: 570MW Plant at Grangemouth

CCEP #2: Another power plant

Second of a kind IGCC Power Plant (After TCEP)

and/or industrial CO2 sources in Central Scotland to fill Feeder 10 to

capacity

with 90+% carbon capture3.8MT/yr – no pollutants

Phase 2: Integrated coal Gasification and CCS. Makes heat, H2, chemicals ….

[email protected] 27Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Phase 2: Integrated coal Gasification and CCS. Makes heat, H2, chemicals …. And electricity. Proven storage at Goldeneye provides confidence.

Phase 3: Follow-on is 3.8Mt CO2/yr – enables EOR and reduced carbon

Page 28: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Gasification of solid organic fuels

Capture : Rectisol cold methanol 400-1000 psi

• Siemens gasification technology proven in Germany before Siemens bought the technology and scaled it up, with numerous sales in Canada, the U.S., and China, where the gasifiers are already operating in chemical production facilities;• air separation technology is mature and widely used for commercial• air separation technology is mature and widely used for commercial production of pure gas from the atmospheric constituents of air;• Linde Rectisol® gas cleanup process that removes acid gases like sulfur dioxide and captures the carbon dioxide has been deployed and used internationally for

EOR ?

decades;• power island is a state-of-the-art Siemens F-class combustion turbine matched with a steam turbine in combined cycle operation, identical to a natural gas combined cycle power island Modifications include special combustion turbine

[email protected] 28Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Summit Power, Grangemouth 2014

combined cycle power island. Modifications, include special combustion turbine gas-firing nozzles for the low-carbon, high-hydrogen syngas fuel

Page 29: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CO2-EOR

[email protected] 29Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 30: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

EOR could provide additional incomereduces electricity selling pricereduces electricity selling price

[email protected] 30Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Summit Power, Grangemouth 2014

Page 31: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CO2-EOR stores carbonP CO i j tiGreen Oil

UK (Forties) 24

Pure CO2 injectionGreen Oil

Saudi 40

CO2EOR 54 - 60Blue/Red

US domestic 56

2Oil

Mexico 82

CTL 113

Reduced venting/flaring

CO2EOR 129 - 135All values in kgCO2e/bblData from (Mangmeechai, 2009)

Black Oil

CO2-EOR can produce extra oil with less carbon cost than more “difficult” oil

If CO2 EOR f ll d b CO2 di l t d Chttp://www.sccs.org.uk/exp

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

If CO2-EOR followed by CO2 disposal stored CRapid CO2 storage with Profit

ertise/reports/sccs-co2-eor-joint-industry-project

Page 32: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CCS f Ai CCCS next future : Air Capture

[email protected] 32Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 33: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Air capture

Carbon engineering, Calgary

[email protected] 33Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 34: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Fisher Tropsch diesel – Audi (De)

Turning wind power into hydrocarbonhydrocarbon ….

CO2 (air) COCO + H2 (water) Blue Diesel

[email protected] 34Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

CO + H2 (water) Blue Diesel€ 1.50 / litre (no tax)

Page 35: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Air Capture: Carbon Cycle Ltd (UK)

Solid absorbents. Very low energy penaltyPilot plant exists

[email protected] 35Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Scale up 2017 – air or industry capture

Page 36: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Making CCS work, and how long …. ?

[email protected] 36Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 37: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Global : storage ready ?

[email protected] 37Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015www.GlobalCCS Institute.com

Page 38: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Global: project pipeline

[email protected] 38Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Good progress to 2020, then …. STOP. Need to plan Now

Page 39: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

UK “triple lock” on CCS development1) Contract for Difference – pays OPEX Government guarantees generator a price funded1) Contract for Difference – pays OPEX, Government guarantees generator a price, funded by consumers, and generator may pay back. Can be short (hourly), or long (annual)

Payment to electricity generator

2) Emissions Performance standard: stipulated kg CO2 /kW hr power

3) Carbon floor price – determines extra tax on fossil fuel for energy. Makes coal same price as gas kg CO2 /kW hr power p g

Triple tension: Generator, Government(s), RegulatorCheck: Levy Control Framework

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Check: Levy Control Framework. Total subsidy payment allocated across all energy technologies by Treasury

Page 40: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

What does £ 1Bn buy ?

• 50% shares in 2 CCS projects and £3 Bn OPEX liabilityy

• 1 year of 22,000 secondary school teachers

• 40 new secondary schools

• 2 new big hospitals• 2 new big hospitals

• 1 nuclear submarine power plant

• 3 days of the UK NHS

• 125 miles of railway electrification

Since 2007, the UK has allocated £1 Bn to fund CCS CAPEX

[email protected] 40Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

By 2015, spent £ 4 x FEED engineering studies = £150 M And spent £125 M on R & D. Will £900 M remaining fund 2 x CCS projects ?

Page 41: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Learning rates – fast start, but expect decades

CCS

CCS

2015 2050

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July201541

CCS originally projected to be un-precedented rapid growth. LOST 10 yearsNOW requires : Laws, targets, OPEX funds, projects, cost reduction, knowledge share

Page 42: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Cost curve: develop CCS early for long term value

First appearance of technologies, controlled by carbon price / tonne CO2 e

CCS d £40 80 / 10 15 l d i i i

ETI Clarke 2013 Scottish Oil Club

[email protected] 42Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

CCS needs £40 - 80 /tonne. 10-15 year lead-in time + persistenceIf CCS not developed, then 2.5x more expensive RES

Page 43: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

CCS = climate insuranceL f h 1 10 000 ( l k l h )Loss of house 1 : 10,000 per year (0.01% likely to happen)

cost to household £ 700 per year

Global change 4 5 (80% lik l t h )Global change 4 : 5 more than 2C by 2050 (80% likely to happen) cost to household £ 200 per year

(for all UK fossil electricity CCS)

C t b kCosts can be known : Price comparison website ….UK Electricity with coal + gas (+ £200) = 100% RES Electricity

CCS is not optional.It is essential for the campaign to reduce global change

[email protected]

It is essential for the campaign to reduce global change CCS needs to be enabled for action – then States and markets will decide

Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 44: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

Conclusion: UK CCS – ready to go… almostNOW

Legal & storageLegal & storage

• Capture, Transport, Storage all exist

• Expense high per tonne, needs chemistry R & D

• Needs serial build learning storage claim

storage claim

l

• Needs serial build learning

• Government persistence ?

RegulationRegulationInvestors finance

b i

Investors finance

b i

Politics→ Confidence→

Demand→ businessbusinessDemand→Profit→

NEEDNEED

• Follow through UK projects

• EU action global sharing

ScienceScienceTechnologyTechnology

• EU action, global sharing

• Reliable decarbonisation plans

• Mandate on carbon storage

[email protected] Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015

Page 45: CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future · CCS past present and futureCCS past present and future ... Kemper County, Miss. QUEQUESSTT,, ... • Siemens gasification

END

[email protected] Royal Society Chemistry, Chemistry in Energy, H-W Univ Edinburgh 22July2015 45