Ch 6: PUBLIC OPINION & POLITICAL ACTION I. How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information.

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Ch 6: PUBLIC OPINION & POLITICAL ACTION I. How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information III. What Americans Value: Political Ideologies IV. How Americans Participate in Politics V. Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action Slide 2 I. How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization A.The Process of Political Socialization 1.The Family Parents give their children political attitudes. 2.The Mass Media TV gives people information about politics. 3.School Schools socialize the youth into political culture. Slide 3 I. How Americans Learn About Politics: Political Socialization B.Political Learning over a Lifetime 1.Aging increases political participation and strength of party attachment Slide 4 LO 6.2 To Learning Objectives Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman Slide 5 II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information A.How Polls Are Conducted B.The Role of Polls in American Democracy C.What Polls Reveal About Americans Political Information D.The Decline of Trust in Government Slide 6 II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information A.How Polls Are Conducted 1.Sample People in survey to be representative of the whole. 2.Random Sampling People should get equal probability of being selected for the sample. 3.Sampling Error Confidence in public opinion poll findings. Slide 7 II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information B.The Role of Polls in American Democracy 1.Polls help politicians detect public preferences. 2.Criticism against polls: a)Politicians think more about following than leading public; b)bandwagon effect distort elections; c)exit-day polls discourage voting; d)wording of questions manipulate answers. Slide 8 II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information C.What Polls Reveal About Americans Political Information 1.Americans dont know much about politics. 2.Americans may know their basic beliefs but not how that affects policies of the government Slide 9 II. Measuring Public Opinion and Political Information D.The Decline of Trust in Government 1.Since 1964, trust in government has declined. 2.Trust in government has gone up somewhat since 9/11/2001. Slide 10 III. What Americans Value: Political Ideologies A.Who Are the Liberals and Conservatives? B.Do People Think in Ideological Terms? Slide 11 Where do you stand? Abortion Gay Marriage Death Penalty Prayer in schools Affirmative Action Regulations on businesses Welfare Defendants rights Slide 12 LO 6.4 To Learning Objectives Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman Slide 13 III. What Americans Value: Political Ideologies A.Who Are the Liberals and Conservatives? 1.Americans pick ideological label of conservative over liberal. 2.In 2008, 36% were conservatives, 38% were moderates, and just 26% were liberals. 3.Gender gap Women more likely support Democratic candidates. Slide 14 III. What Americans Value: Political Ideologies B.Do People Think in Ideological Terms? 1.Ideologues (12%) Yes they do. 2.Group Benefits (42%) Think of groups they like or dislike. 3.Nature of the Times (24%) If times are good or bad for them. 4.No issue content (22%) Vote for party or personality. Slide 15 IV. How Americans Participate in Politics A.Conventional Participation B.Protest as Participation C.Class, Inequality, and Participation Slide 16 IV. How Americans Participate in Politics A.Conventional Participation 1.Voting in elections. 2.Working in campaigns or running for office. 3.Contacting elected officials. 4.Ringing doorbells for a petition. 5.Running for office Slide 17 IV. How Americans Participate in Politics B.Protest as Participation 1.Protest Designed to achieve policy changes through dramatic and unconventional tactics. 2.Civil disobedience Reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences. 3.Violence Riots and fighting. Slide 18 IV. How Americans Participate in Politics C.Class, Inequality, and Participation 1.Class-biased activity Citizens of higher socioeconomic status participating more than others. 2.Minorities are below average in terms of participation. 3.Who gets what in politics depends on who participates. Slide 19 V. Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action A.Public Attitudes Toward the Scope of Government B.Democracy, Public Opinion, and Political Action Slide 20 V. Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action A.Public Attitudes Toward the Scope of Government 1.Many people have no opinion about scope of government. 2.Public opinion is inconsistent, which may lead to policy gridlock. Slide 21 V. Understanding Public Opinion and Political Action B.Democracy, Public Opinion, and Political Action 1.Americans select leaders in democratic elections. 2.Polls reveal that Americans know little about candidates issues. 3.People vote more for performance than policy.

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