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  • THE LIVES OF ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICANS Slavery was part of America for 2 centuries 1860-Nearly 4 million African Americans lived in slavery A LIFE OF WORK Slaves considered property not people Most slaves lived on farms and plantations Men, women, and children expected or forced to work at the demand of the owner
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  • Some slaves worked in fields while some worked in the house A LIFE OF WANT Enslaved people lived in barely tolerable conditions The food for slaves was as bad as the shelter
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  • A LIFE OF FEAR Slave owners treated slaves fairly well in return for loyal service Punishments included beating, whipping, starving and threats to family members A reality for slaves was the threat of being separated from their families
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  • A LIFE OF HOPE Slaves had remarkable endurance Storytelling helped to pass the time and pass information from generation to generation Slaves waited for the day that they would be free.
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  • THE ANTISLAVERY MOVEMENT IN THE SOUTH 1860215,000 free blacks Former slaves who were emancipated by their owners Faced harsh legal and social discrimination SLAVE REVOLTS 1776-1860over 200 slave uprising and plots occurred
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  • ESCAPE Non-violent way to end enslavement They tried to reach the North, Canada, or Mexico THE UNDERGROUND RAILROAD Informal, constantly changing network of escape routes No formal organization
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  • THE ABOLITION MOVEMENT A campaign to abolish, or end, slavery No other movement attracted more followers RELIGIOUS ROOTS Colonial periodQuakers condemned slavery WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON Leading abolitionist spokesman Published an abolitionist newspaper The Liberator
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  • Garrison continued the publication until slavery was abolished35 years Founded the Anti-Slavery Society1833 LEADING ABOLITIONISTS Sarah and Angelina Grimke Witnessed the suffering of slaves firsthand Frederick Douglassupported womens rights Featured speaker at Seneca Falls
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  • Douglass born into slavery in MD Escaped as a young man of 20 1845autobiographyNarrative of Life of Frederick Douglass OPPOSITION TO ABOLITION Majority of white southerners did not own slaves Southern ministers constructed elaborate reasons justifying slavery