of 14 /14
Chapter 10

Chapter 10. Relationships across the life course: early childhood, adolescence, middle and older adulthood Relationships and support across systems:

Embed Size (px)

Text of Chapter 10. Relationships across the life course: early childhood, adolescence, middle and older...

  • Chapter 10

  • Relationships across the life course: early childhood, adolescence, middle and older adulthood

    Relationships and support across systems: Peers, family, community

    Types of capital: 1) economic, 2) cultural, 3) social, 4) symbolic

  • Increase in single status: Majority of single adults are between the ages of 3564Costs and benefits of social relationships must be viewed from context in which they are embeddedSocial workers should work to understand the conversion capabilities of clientstheir ability to transform social exchanges into socio-economic advantages

  • Infantcaregiver attachment classifications:

    1) Secure2) Ambivalent 3) Avoidant4) Disorganized

    Longitudinal studies show secure attachment in early childhood is associated with academic success in later school years

  • Early Childhood: Family is the primary socializing agent; school is secondary socializing agentNon cognitive skills (e.g., emotional, social, behavioral) are related to academic achievement Teacher relationships can help develop childrens non cognitive skills in educational settings

  • Adolescence: Peers become important socializing agentResearch shows that adolescents who have serious health conditions may face vulnerability in developing peer support and social capital networksExtracurricular activities can boost support for students who are struggling with other life course transitions (e.g., off-timing high school transitioning)

  • Emerging Adulthood: Romantic partner relationships become increasingly importantParental support is one of the most important predictors of success in attaining adult outcomes such as housing, education, employmentBoth bonding and bridging social capital are important for workforce connection and advancement

  • Middle and Older Adulthood: Longitudinal studies show quality of friend and family relationships are significantly related to well-beingActual and perceived support are both important in assessing social networks As functional limitations increase with age, instrumental support becomes increasingly important to older adults

  • Nicholas Christakis studies social network patterns on healthHis research points to the importance of structural positioning (where one is located in the networkcentral or peripheral) on health behaviorThree-degree rule: your behavior will be influenced by your friends, your friends friends, and your friends friends friends

  • Informal family caregiving can create significant strain on family relationships, with particular groups often needing extra support, such as parents caring for adult children with special needs; or adults caring for parents and children or parents, children, and a spouse simultaneouslyAssistive technologies are being developed to help older adults age in place and ease family caregiving burden

  • Demographic changes show an increasingly delayed adulthood with more adult children returning to their parents homeHigher education and SES tend to be associated with increased social network diversity and size, but not with network density or closeness

  • Some prominent theorists suggest communities will flourish and be measured by the amount of human capital that composes their citizenry, and the human capital/talent they can attractBoth young adults and older adults in their encore years often look for meaningful ways to give back to and serve their communities.

  • Four types of capital: 1) economic 2) social 3) cultural 4) symbolic

    Identity economics: exploring how capital gains and losses lead to community membership engagement and identity construction, and ultimately power is gained or lost

  • Early attachment experiences serve as a template for adult relationshipsInterpersonal experiences shape brain development throughout our livesQuality of the relationships and ones positioning in a social network matter as much as size of the networkPeers, family, and community all play important parts in our social network and our ability to convert social exchanges into socioeconomic advantage