CHAPTER 17 MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE SPAIN,PORTUGAL, ITALY AND GREECE

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  • CHAPTER 17MEDITERRANEAN EUROPESPAIN,PORTUGAL,ITALY AND GREECE

  • SECTION 1: SPAIN AND PORTUGALBOTH NATIONS OCCUPY THE IBERIAN PENINSULAPORTUGAL MAKES UP 1/6 OF THIS PENINSULAPENINSULA SEPARATED FROM FRANCE BY PYRENNES MOUNTAINS

  • SPAINSPAIN--CALLED THE CASTLESPANISH COAT OF ARMSACCESS BLOCKED BY PYRENNES MTS. MOST OF INTERIOR SPAIN PLATEAUS CALLED MESETADIVIDED BY RIVERS, ONLY THE GUADALQUIVIR RIVER IS NAVIGABLEhttp://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/spain-map/

  • SPAINS CLIMATEALMOST ALL MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATECLIMATE INFLUENCED BY ELEVATIONMESETA IS DRIER THAN NORTHUSE DRY FARMING METHODS SO SOILS GATHERS MOISTURESOUTHEASTERN SPAIN AFFECTED BY SIROCCOS-HOT DRY WINDS FROM N. AFRICA

  • SPAINS ECONOMYECONOMY SHIFTS FROM AGRICULTURE TO INDUSTRY (TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT)BILBAO--LEADING INDUSTRIAL CITYBARCELONA--LEADING PORTUNEMPLOYMENT RATE AT 20%

  • SETTLING SPAINMADRID-CAPITAL AND LARGEST CITYCONSIDERED THE CENTRAL AREA OR HUB OF SPAIN

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DSMI5cQy7RM&feature=fvwrel

    POPULATION OF CITY OVER 3 MILLIONHEAVY TRAFFIC AND AIR POLLUTION

  • CULTURAL DIVERGENCEDIFFERENT GROUPS IN SPAIN TRY TO KEEP THEIR OWN IDENTITYMOST DIVERGENT PEOPLE ARE THE BASQUE OF NORTHERN SPAINOWN LANGUAGESEEK TO BE AN INDEPENDENT STATE

  • TOURIST ACTIVITIEShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kI-HqszRq0g&NR=1http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_fcYvE9lj0&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wu_SORjrUa4&feature=PlayList&p=42FF8522D0981FF0&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=1

  • PORTUGALSMALL IN COMPARISON TO SPAINSIZE OF STATE OF INDIANANORTHEAST IS MOUNTAINOUSAVERAGE 20 INCHES OF RAIN A YEARAGRICULTURAL ECONOMYWHEAT, CORN, BARLEY GROW IN FLAT LANDSOLIVE OIL FROM THE SOUTHWINE FROM NORTHCORK AND CORK PRODUCTS

  • PORTUGESE HISTORYFREED FROM MOORS IN 1143CAPITAL CITY OF LISBON BECAME LEADING TRADE CENTER OF EUROPE1400S EXPLORED AND COLONIZED AFRICA. (DAGAMA AND DIAS)CLAIMED CONTROL OF BRAZIL IN 1480SPORTUGAL LOST COLONIES IN 1800SMILLIONS OF AFRICANS HAVE IMMIGRATED TO PORTUGALPORTUGAL JOINED THE E.U. IN 1986

  • PORTUGALS FUTUREECONOMY SHIFTING TOWARD INDUSTRYCORK, TEXTILES, SHOES, CLOTHINGLITERACY RATE OF 87%INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION A GROWING PROBLEM

  • SECTION 2 ITALYNICKNAMED THE BOOTINCLUDES THE ISLAND OF SICILYAPENNINE MOUNTAINS STRETCH THE LENGTH OF ITALYGREAT DEAL OF SEISMIC ACTIVITYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QEv3wzHAAj8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDoSWAQXYqk

  • THE CHANGING ENVIRONMENT OF ITALYALPS MTS. ARE NORTHERN BORDER-CREATE A MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE.DEFORESTATION AND SOIL EROSION1960--33% WORKED ON FARMS2005-10% WORK ON FARMS

  • MIGRATION AND ECONOMICS OF ITALYPOPULATION OF 58 MILLIONOVERCROWDINGHIGH UNEMPLOYMENT IN SOUTHERN ITALYLACK OF FARMLAND. MANY PEOPLE MOVED TO NORTHERN ITALY FOR JOBS IN INDUSTRYGROWING INDUSTRY OF ITALYAUTOMOBILES, APPLIANCES, METAL GOODSITALY LEADS WORLD IN FASHION AND HOME DESIGNS

  • REGIONS OF ITALY-NORTHERN ITALY1. NORTHERN ITALY-(EUROPEAN ITALY)PO RIVER VALLEYCHIEF AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL AREA.SKI RESORTS OF THE ALPS LOCATION OF VENICETOURIST ATTRACTIONhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JG2bl-zxL4M

  • REGIONS OF ITALY-CENTRAL ITALYBIRTHPLACE OF THE ROMAN EMPIRECAPITAL CITY OF ROMEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JjgIl5ZFeXs&feature=relatedLOCATION OF VATICAN CITYCENTER OF CATHOLIC CHURCH & POPETHIS IS WHERE THE RENAISSANCE BEGAN--INCREASE IN ART & LEARNING IN THE 1300S

  • REGIONS OF ITALY-SOUTHERN ITALYNICKNAMED THE MEZZOGIORNOINCLUDES ISLANDS OF SICILY AND SARDINIALIMITED AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRYMANY PEOPLE HAVE LEFT FOR THE NORTH (JOBS)NAPLES--LARGEST CITY OF THE REGION.

  • SECTION 3 GREECEGREECE--BIRTHPLACE OF DEMOCRACYMEMBER OF E.U. AND NATOINCLUDES 2000 SMALL ISLANDSMEETING PLACE OF TECTONIC PLATESFORMS GRABENS--FLOODED AREAS OF LAND THAT DROP BETWEEN FAULTSGRABENS FORMED AEGEAN SEA AND GULF OF CORINTH

  • QUICK FACTS ABOUT GREECE

    Capital:AthensPopulation: 10.9 millionPopulation density (per sq km): 80Area: 131.957 sq Language: GreekMajor religion: Orthodox ChristianCurrency: Euro

  • ATHENS AND ECONOMICSCAPITAL LOCATED IN STERA HELLASPOPULATION OVER 3 MILLIONhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=30Ou_QaxXAs&feature=relatedPIRAEUS-LARGEST PORT OF GREECEFISHING, TOURISM, AND AGRICULTURE LEAD THE ECONOMY.OLIVES, CITRUS FRUITS, FIGS, WHEAT

  • HISTORY OF GREECEISLAND OF CRETE--GREEK CIVILIZATION BEGINS 3500 YEARS AGO. MINOAN CIVILIZATION MYSTERIOUSLY DISAPPEARS !BIRTHPLACE OF DEMOCRACY(ATHENS)GREAT WARS OF GREECE:WAR WITH TROY ILIAD AND THE ODYSSEY-STORY OF THE TROJAN WAR AND THE EXPLOITS OF ULYSSES AND ACHILLESWAR WITH PERSIATHE 300 (SPARTANS AGAINST PERSIA)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sj810hUDVUQ&feature=related

  • GREEK MYTHOLOGYGREEKS WORSHIPPED MULTIPLE GODS WHO ACCORDING TO LEGEND LIVED ON MT. OLYMPUS

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WP_NeirFIkM

  • GREEK HISTORYCONQUERED BY ROMANS 200 B.C.TAKEN OVER BY TURKS IN 1453BECAME AN INDEPENDENT NATION IN 1829