Chapter 5 Political Socialization & Public Opinion

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  • Chapter 5Political Socialization & Public Opinion

  • Chapter 5 ObjectivesDefine Political Socialization and identify the main sources (agents) in the developing of it.Explain why there are crosscutting cleavages between liberals and conservatives in this country. Assess the significances of race, ethnicity, and gender in explaining political attitudes.Identify the five key criteria that must be met in designing and interpreting Public Opinion Polls as well as types of bias found in those polls.

  • Political SocializationDefine

    Brainstorm list of Socializing Agents

    The learning process in which individuals become aware of politics and form political values

  • The Pregnant Nun and Influencing Agents of Political SocializationAssignment

    Using pages 106-111 Identify the 4 Agents of Political Socialization.For Each Agent, identify 5 facts/stats regarding its role in Political Socialization. (ex. Party ID and Family)

    Identify the Ideology of the Pregnant NunFor each of the 7 symbols used to reflect her P.I.:identify which Agent of Political Socialization it reflectsExplain how the Agent of P.S. helped shape the P.I. of our Pregnant Nun

  • Family # 1 predictor Age process beginsAs grow olderRecent InfluenceDecline since 1950s b/cRadical and Elite parents

  • ReligionBreakdownCatholicProtestantJewishWhy?Social StatusReligious TraditionChristian Coalition

  • Gender GapShift in political identification 1950s women more Rep. Than menSince 1960s more Dem.Why?Parties change stance on key issuesGun Control, WarGap not always evidentGender sensitive issues not at forefront

  • Schooling and InformationCollege =More Prestigious College =Length in College =Study social Science as opposed to physical science and engineering =WHY?InformationCollege Teaches LiberalismNature of Academia

  • Cross-Cutting CleavagesCleavages in public opinion No single feature of an individual's life (such as social class) explains all (or even most) of that individual's attitudes. Create Divisions in public opinionAmong the important cleavages are: Social Class/OccupationRace/EthnicityRegion

  • Social Class/OccupationClass DifferencesBlue-Color vs. White-ColorDecline since 1950sClass/Income less of CleavageWhy?Occupation is replaced by schoolingUpper class exposed to liberalismCultural War issues = non-economic

  • Race/EthnicityBlacks = Liberal on:Busing, housing discrimination, death penalty, national defenseMost consistent liberal group (little cleavage among Blacks; even rich and poor; Gender)Hispanic Traditional liberal (2004 saw shift)AsianConservative

  • RegionSolid South has transformedDixicrats and Democrats of 50s-1980s (economic issues)Nixon and the Southern StrategyMore Conservative since social issues began to dominate politics. Also more accommodating small business

  • Characteristics Public OpinionPublic Attitude Can vary over time, and often dramatically.P.O. places boundaries on allowable types of public policy.When asked, citizens are willing to express opinions on matters outside their expertise.Governments DO respond.Governments DO not respond.

  • The Art of Public Opinion Polling pg. 1165 key criteria in designing and interpreting pollsRandom SamplingQuestions must be comprehensibleQuestions must be asked fairlyAnswers offered to person must be chosen carefullySampling Errors

  • Types of Bias in Polling6 types of Bias found in pollingTestimonialMudslingingTransferCard StakingGlittering GeneralizationsContrast Question or Sandwich question

  • Fourth National Survey of Religion and PoliticsBliss Institute University of Akron, March-May 2004Religion as a Political Socializing AgentBACK

    % of US Political Political PoliticalPopulationAffiliationAffiliationAffiliationRepublicanDemocraticIndependentEvangelical Protestant26.30%56%27%17%Mainline Protestant16.00%44%38%18%Latino Protestant2.80%37%43%20%Black Protestant9.60%11%71%18%Catholic17.50%41%44%15%Latino Catholic4.50%15%61%24%Other Christian2.70%42%22%36%Other Faiths2.70%12%55%33%Jewish1.90%21%68%11%Unaffiliated16.00%27%43%30%

  • Fourth National Survey of Religion and PoliticsBliss Institute University of Akron, March-May 2004Political Socialization & CleavagesBACK

    % of US Political Political PoliticalPopulationAffiliationAffiliationAffiliationRepublicanDemocraticIndependentEvangelical Protestant26.30%56%27%17%Mainline Protestant16.00%44%38%18%Latino Protestant2.80%37%43%20%Black Protestant9.60%11%71%18%Catholic17.50%41%44%15%Latino Catholic4.50%15%61%24%Other Christian2.70%42%22%36%Other Faiths2.70%12%55%33%Jewish1.90%21%68%11%Unaffiliated16.00%27%43%30%

  • BACKTop barBottom bar

    Figure 8.3

  • Extended Response Questions Chapter 4Explain the term political culture. Why is it important to examine political culture as well as political institutions and laws to understand a political system?

    The U.S. political culture emphasizes the importance of civic duty. This belief has no validity unless political efficacy exists in reality. First, discuss the degree to which the American public possesses a sense of political efficacy. Is the cultural value of civic duty legitimately realized in the opinion of the public?

  • Extended Response QuestionsChapter 5List and explain the symbolism behind the caricature Pregnant Nun that represents our Political Socialization.

    The text examines both the formation of and cleavages in political Socialization. Discuss how the factors accounting for the formation of political Socialization also contribute to the cleavages that have developed in public opinion.

  • Public Opinion & PollingGagging Public Opinion is difficultLack of info and efficacyChangesArt of Public Opinion Polling ( pg 116)Must be Random SampleQuestion must be comprehensibleQuestion must be asked fairly (clear language, no emotional words or loaded language)Answer categories must be carefully consideredMust control sampling Error

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