CHAPTER FIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS - Wyoming State ?· CHAPTER FIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS ... 5-1 CHAPTER FIVE:…

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  • C H A P T E R F I V E T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S

    P O T E N T I A L L I M I T A T I O N S T O F U T U R E W A T E R U S E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Introduction .....................................................................................................................................................................1 Water Availability ...........................................................................................................................................................1 Funding............................................................................................................................................................................1

    Wyoming Water Development Commission............................................................................................................2 Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality ....................................................................................................2 U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Development Programs...............................................................................3 National Resources Conservation Service................................................................................................................3

    Public Involvement..........................................................................................................................................................3 Court Decrees ..................................................................................................................................................................4 Platte River Recovery Implementation Program.............................................................................................................4 Water Quality Issues........................................................................................................................................................4 Regulatory Issues ............................................................................................................................................................4

    Wyoming Environmental Quality Act......................................................................................................................4 Endangered Species Act...........................................................................................................................................5 National Environmental Policy Act..........................................................................................................................5 Clean Water Act .......................................................................................................................................................6 Safe Drinking Water Act..........................................................................................................................................6

    Conclusions .....................................................................................................................................................................7

  • C H A P T E R F I V E T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S

    F U T U R E W A T E R U S E O P P O R T U N I T I E S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Introduction .....................................................................................................................................................................7 Structural and Non-Structural Future Water Use Opportunities......................................................................................8 Future Water Use Opportunity Assessment Framework .................................................................................................8

    Pertinent Water Use Sectors.....................................................................................................................................8 Water Availability ....................................................................................................................................................8 Technical Factors .....................................................................................................................................................8 Economic Factors.....................................................................................................................................................8 Environmental Factors .............................................................................................................................................9 Legal and Institutional Factors .................................................................................................................................9 Public Acceptance ....................................................................................................................................................9 Water Quality ...........................................................................................................................................................9 Ability to Satisfy Multiple Demands........................................................................................................................9

    Basin Advisory Group (BAG) Comments.......................................................................................................................9 Development of a List of Future Platte River Basin Water Use Opportunities ........................................................9

    WWDC Small Water Project Program............................................................................................................................11

    B A S I N W A T E R Q U A L I T Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2

    State and Federal Regulations .........................................................................................................................................13 Current Wyoming Water Quality Standards: Surface Water.........................................................................................13

    Wyoming Stream Classification...............................................................................................................................13 Total Maximum Daily Loads ...................................................................................................................................13 National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ...................................................................................................16 Beneficial Use Reconnaissance Program .................................................................................................................16

    Platte River Basin Surface Water Quality .......................................................................................................................16 Selenium...................................................................................................................................................................16 Storm Water .............................................................................................................................................................17

    Current Wyoming Water Quality Standards: Groundwater............................................................................................17 Aquifer Mapping ......................................................................................................................................................18 Nitrates .....................................................................................................................................................................18 Pesticides..................................................................................................................................................................18

  • C H A P T E R F I V E T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S

    Platte River Basin Conservation Districts .......................................................................................................................18 Wyoming Association of Conservation Districts .....................................................................................................19 Natural Resources Conservation Service .................................................................................................................19 Natrona County Conservation District .....................................................................................................................19 Converse County Conservation District ...................................................................................................................19 Niobrara Conservation District.................................................................................................................................19 Medicine Bow Conservation District .......................................................................................................................19 Laramie Rivers Conservation District ......................................................................................................................19 Platte County Resource District ...............................................................................................................................20 South Goshen Conservation District/North Platte Valley Conservation District/Lingle-Fort Laramie

    Conservation District................................................................................................................................................20 Laramie County Conservation District.....................................................................................................................20

    References: Future Water Use Opportunities .................................................................................................................20

  • C H A P T E R F I V E : F U T U R E W A T E R U S E O P P O R T U N I T I E S

    5 - 1

    C H A P T E R F I V E :

    F U T U R E W A T E R U S E O P P O R T U N I T I E S

    P O T E N T I A L L I M I T A T I O N S T O F U T U R E W A T E R U S E I N T R O D U C T I O N

    The purpose of this section is to identify and briefly describe issues that may potentially impact or restrict future water use opportunities in the Platte River Basin. These issues vary significantly in nature, ranging from broad issues such as financing and political concerns to more specific issues such as state and federal regulatory requirements.

    W A T E R A V A I L A B I L I T Y

    Water cannot be developed for beneficial use if it is not available for appropriation. In Wyoming, where water is a precious resource, water development for beneficial human use has and will continue to be based on both the physical availability of water and conformance with Wyoming laws and regulations governing the allocation and use of state water. Throughout Wyoming history, both successful and unsuccessful attempts to develop water resources have been undertaken in an environment of competing interests, litigation, U.S. Supreme Court decrees, and interstate agreements. Wyoming water law originated before statehood and is based on the doctrine of prior appropriation. Under this doctrine, the first person to get a permit from the Wyoming State Engineers Office (SEO) and to put water to beneficial use has the first right to use that water, meaning, first in time is first in right. As a result, water rights and water use are regulated in the state by priority. In addition, the Wyoming Constitution states that waters from all natural streams, springs, lakes, and other collections is the property of the State. The Wyoming State Engineer is the chief administrator of Wyoming water. Wyoming Water Law: A Summary is available from SEO in Cheyenne and at http://seo.state.wy.us/docs.aspx. A History of Water Law, Water Rights & Water Development in Wyoming, 1868-2002, which is significantly longer and more detailed than the SEO water law summary, is available from the Wyoming Water Development Commission (WWDC) office in Cheyenne and at http://wwdc.state.wy.us/waterlawhistory.html.

    F U N D I N G

    If water is physically and legally available for development, future water use opportunities in the Platte River Basin will be implemented only if funding is available for planning, designing, constructing, and/or operating any of a variety of water-oriented facilities and structures. Several major sources of funding for water projects in Wyoming are discussed below.

  • P L A T T E R I V E R B A S I N P R O J E C T

    5 - 2

    W y o m i n g W a t e r D e v e l o p m e n t C o m m i s s i o n

    WWDC, including a ten member appointed board and a professional staff, administers state funding of water development programs. WWDC administers: New water development programs, which are focused on development of unused and/or unappropriated water Rehabilitation programs, which are focused on improving existing water systems

    Water resource planning programs, of which this Basin Plan is one component, utilize funding from either new water development or rehabilitation accounts. Projects begin with an application from a project sponsor. Applications are due by August 15th of each year and must include a $1,000 filing fee. WWDC provides funding for a variety water projects based on the following prioritized categories: Multipurpose programs Water storage projects New water supply projects New supply (conveyance) system projects Hydropower projects Purchase of existing storage projects Watershed improvement projects Recreation projects Drinking Water State Revolving Fund projects

    WWDC provides a detailed description of application procedures, eligibility criteria, and related information for use by entities wishing to apply for WWDC water project funding. Detailed information regarding WWDC funding of Wyoming water development projects may be found at http://wwdc.state.wy.us/opcrit.

    W y o m i n g D e p a r t m e n t o f E n v i r o n m e n t a l Q u a l i t y

    Several types of funding for watershed management projects are available from the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (WDEQ), including: 205j Funds, named for Section 205j of the federal Clean Water Act, to establish water quality monitoring programs

    when existing water quality data is inadequate to assess local water quality conditions 319 Funds, named for Section 319 of the federal Clean Water Act, to implement new non-point source pollution

    water quality improvement projects or...

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