Chemical Energy and ATP Energy in glucose & lipids is converted into ATP –A–Adenosine triphosphate –E–Energy for work is stored in ATP bonds

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    23-Dec-2015

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  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • Chemical Energy and ATP
  • Slide 3
  • Energy in glucose & lipids is converted into ATP AAdenosine triphosphate EEnergy for work is stored in ATP bonds
  • Slide 4
  • Energy and ATP Energy in glucose & lipids is converted into ATP Adenosine triphosphate Energy for work is stored in ATP bonds Energy released when 3 rd phosphate is broken off 3 rd bond unstableeasily broken ADP left over PPP ENERGY ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE
  • Slide 5
  • Energy and ATP Energy in glucose & lipids is converted into ATP Adenosine triphosphate Energy for work is stored in ATP bonds Energy released when 3 rd phosphate is broken off 3 rd bond unstableeasily broken ADP left over ATP recreated with the addition of another phosphate group PP P ENERGY ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE P
  • Slide 6
  • Energy and ATP Energy in glucose & lipids is converted into ATP Adenosine triphosphate Energy for work is stored in ATP bonds Energy released when 3 rd phosphate is broken off 3 rd bond unstableeasily broken ADP left over ATP recreated with the addition of another phosphate group
  • Slide 7
  • ATP Digestion Purpose: Break food into useable molecules to create ATP High calorie foods will produce more ATP molecules Simple sugar Simple sugar Simple sugar Simple sugar Simple sugar Simple sugar Complex sugar
  • Slide 8
  • Digestion Purpose: Break food into useable molecules to create ATP High calorie foods will produce more ATP molecules Carbohydrates commonly used to make ATP 1 glucose = 36 ATP 36 ATP
  • Slide 9
  • Digestion Purpose: Break food into useable molecules to create ATP High calorie foods will produce more ATP molecules Carbohydrates commonly used to make ATP 1 glucose = 36 ATP Lipids 1 triglyceride = 146 ATP 146 ATP
  • Slide 10
  • Digestion Purpose: Break food into useable molecules to create ATP High calorie foods will produce more ATP molecules Carbohydrates commonly used to make ATP 1 glucose = 36 ATP Lipids 1 triglyceride = 146 ATP Proteins less likely to be broken into ATP Amino acids are needed for other processes
  • Slide 11
  • Energy on Earth Most life relies on sunlight directly or indirectly Directly: Plants Indirectly: Animals Exceptions: Chemotrophs Hydrothermal vents release chemicals called sulfides Unique bacteria feed on the sulfides to make ATP (chemosynthesis) sulfides
  • Slide 12
  • Kobe Kuiz 1)Where is the energy of ATP stored? 2)How is ADP and ATP different? 3)Which process connects ADP and P to make ATP? 4)Which process breaks ATP to make ADP and P? 5)Whats the purpose of digestion? 6)How much ATP is created by a molecule of glucose? 7)How is chemosynthesis and photosynthesis similar? Different?

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