Chronic Disease Risk Factors
What are the risk factors for chronic disease?
TobaccoBetween 1964 and 2014:Over 20 million American died because of smoking2.5 million nonsmokersMore than 100,000 babies
Smoking is still the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the U.S.
The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress
An evolving processIf excessive smoking actually plays a role in the production of lung cancer, it seems to be a minor one. The National Cancer Institute, 1954
Tobacco use imposes enormous public health and financial costs on this nation costs that are completely avoidable.Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health & Human Services, 2010
Smoking and chronic diseaseResponsible for more than heart and lung disease:13 different types of cancer
Smoking and reproduction
Diabetes, eye disease, immune system
FDA & Tobacco RegulationRegulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to Protect Children and AdolescentsRestricts sale, distribution, and promotion of tobacco products to make them less accessible to youth.
Law went into effect June 22, 2010(FDA, 2010)http://www.fda.gov/TobaccoProducts/Labeling/CigaretteProductWarningLabels/ucm2024177.htm
Graphic labels coming soon.(Fda.gov, 2011)
Warnings were to appear Sept. 2012 but.(FDA.gov, 2011)
Contributing Factors Portion Sizes
Contributing Factor: InactivityWhat is the recommended amount of daily activity?
Schools and PE
We have engineered activity out of our lives (TWON, 2012)
Contributing Factor: AdvertisingToxic advertising
Health claims on food
TV time has increased
Alcohol and Chronic Disease3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death
How does alcohol contribute to chronic disease?Short-term health effects
Long-term health effects
Other risk factors?
SLEEP!Lack of sleep is associated with: Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression and cancer.(CDC, 2009)