Chronic Disease Risk Factors. Risk Factors What are the risk factors for chronic disease? #1?? #2?? Others…

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  • Chronic Disease Risk Factors

  • Risk Factors

    What are the risk factors for chronic disease?




  • Tobacco

  • TobaccoBetween 1964 and 2014:Over 20 million American died because of smoking2.5 million nonsmokersMore than 100,000 babies

    Smoking is still the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the U.S.

    The Health Consequences of Smoking: 50 Years of Progress

  • An evolving processIf excessive smoking actually plays a role in the production of lung cancer, it seems to be a minor one. The National Cancer Institute, 1954

    Tobacco use imposes enormous public health and financial costs on this nation costs that are completely avoidable.Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health & Human Services, 2010

  • MortalitySource:

  • Smoking and chronic diseaseResponsible for more than heart and lung disease:13 different types of cancer

    Smoking and reproduction

    Diabetes, eye disease, immune system

  • FDA & Tobacco RegulationRegulations Restricting the Sale and Distribution of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to Protect Children and AdolescentsRestricts sale, distribution, and promotion of tobacco products to make them less accessible to youth.

    Law went into effect June 22, 2010(FDA, 2010)

  • Graphic labels coming soon.(, 2011)

  • (, 2011)

  • Thoughts?

    Warnings were to appear Sept. 2012 but.(, 2011)

  • Obesity

  • Contributing Factors Portion Sizes

    Physical Inactivity




  • Contributing Factor: InactivityWhat is the recommended amount of daily activity?

    Schools and PE

    Sedentary Workplaces


    We have engineered activity out of our lives (TWON, 2012)

  • Contributing Factor: AdvertisingToxic advertising

    Health claims on food

    TV time has increased

  • Alcohol

  • Alcohol and Chronic Disease3rd leading lifestyle-related cause of death

    How does alcohol contribute to chronic disease?Short-term health effects

    Long-term health effects

  • Other risk factors?

  • SLEEP!Lack of sleep is associated with: Diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression and cancer.(CDC, 2009)