Citing Sources Plagiarism & Using the APA

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Citing Sources Plagiarism & Using the APA. Jill Fortune 2013. Agenda. Plagiarism Quotations Summarising Paraphrasing APA. Plagiarism. A definition..? the practice of taking someone elses work or ideas and passing them off as ones own - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Citing Sources Plagiarism & Using the APA

Citing SourcesPlagiarism & Using the APAJill Fortune2013AgendaPlagiarismQuotationsSummarisingParaphrasingAPA

PlagiarismA definition..?

the practice of taking someone elses work or ideas and passing them off as ones own

Oxford Online Dictionary: http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/plagiarism?q=plagiarism (retrieved Mar 5th 2013)Ss come up with a definition in pairs: feedback , then give this version.3Plagiarism: examples 1 & 2Hogue (2003: 349-50):

Does the student give the writer credit?Do they give the page number?Do they use quotation marks?Why is it plagiarism?How can the student avoid the plagiarism?Give Ss Original & Half of Plagiarism sections, then give them the second half (the answer) after the discussion.4Quotations: the basic rulesWho said it?Where & when?Use quotation marks ()

When & how to adjust a quotation

Quotations: adding informationWhat information might we add to a quotation?

to maintain grammatical correctnessAccording to Kelly, [c]hange is now.to make clarificationsDespite Stempleski and Tomalins claim that lexis is seldom the most important criterion for selecting a [video] sequence (1990:10)Use square brackets [ ]Based on Hogue, 2003: 347Quotations: deleting informationWhat information might we remove from a quotation?

irrelevanceAccording to Smith, the mechanics of writing are often disregarded. (ommitted punctuation, spelling etc)

Use elipsis Based on Hogue, 2003: 347QuotationsWhen should we use a direct quote?

only when they support an idea with especially appropriate or memorable language (Hogue, 2003: 348)

too much quoting weakens the effectiveness of a written product (Master, 2004: 212)

Ss discuss in small groups, then feedback.8Summarising & ParaphrasingWhats the difference?

Summary = shorter than original (only main ideas)

Paraphrase = approx same length as original (maintains keywords & covers all ideas)Based on Hogue, 2003: 345-6Keeping NotesLook at the following extract, and write 3 notes about it:

quotationsummaryparaphraseTaken from Hogue, 2003: 344-6

http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/files/2012/10/Writing-writing-31277215-579-612.jpg (retrieved Mar 5 2013)Keeping Notes: extractU.S. English and other such groups maintain that linguistic divisions have caused unrest in several countries, such as Canada and Belgium though they generally fail to note that the countries where strife violence have been most pronounced, such as Spain, are the ones where minority languages have been most strenuously suppressed.

(Bill Bryson. The Mother Tongue: English & How It Got That Way. New York: Avon, 1990:240)Taken from Hogue, 2003: 344-6In groups of 3, Ss do the exercise (I check to see how theyre doing), then compare with the answers given by Hogue give handout with three answers.

Use first sentence to show addition and ellipsis, removing and other such groups, and therefore adding an s to maintain. 11APAAngel Protection Agency?Author Publishing Alliance?Anti-Plagiarism Association?

American Psychological Association

Ss brainstorm what APA stands for, if they dont already know.

Do quiz, based on Hogue copies for reference. AND/ORSs do the last exercise, writing 5 references. Write answers up on board to check.12APAQuizReference-writing practice x5

American Psychological Association

Ss brainstorm what APA stands for, if they dont already know.

Do quiz, based on Hogue copies for reference. AND/ORSs do the last exercise, writing 5 references. Write answers up on board to check.13BibliographyHogue, A. (2003) The Essentials of English. New York: Pearson Education.Master, P. (2004) English Grammar and Technical Writing. USA: US Dept. of State.Oxford Online Dictionary: http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/plagiarism?q=plagiarism (retrieved Mar 5th 2013)

ImagesWriting cartoon:http://chronicle.com/blogs/linguafranca/files/2012/10/Writing-writing-31277215-579-612.jpg (retrieved 5 Mar 2013)