Citrix XenServer � 6.2.0 Installation Guide

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Citrix XenServer ® 6.2.0 Installation Guide

Text of Citrix XenServer � 6.2.0 Installation Guide

  • Citrix XenServer 6.2.0 Installation Guide

    Published Tuesday, 25 June 20131.0 Edition

  • Citrix XenServer 6.2.0 Installation Guide

    Copyright 2013 Citrix Systems. Inc. All Rights Reserved.Version: 6.2.0

    Citrix, Inc.851 West Cypress Creek RoadFort Lauderdale, FL 33309United States of America

    DisclaimersThis document is furnished "AS IS." Citrix, Inc. disclaims all warranties regarding the contents of this document,including, but not limited to, implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for any particular purpose. Thisdocument may contain technical or other inaccuracies or typographical errors. Citrix, Inc. reserves the right torevise the information in this document at any time without notice. This document and the software describedin this document constitute confidential information of Citrix, Inc. and its licensors, and are furnished under alicense from Citrix, Inc.

    Citrix Systems, Inc., the Citrix logo, Citrix XenServer and Citrix XenCenter, are trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc.and/or one or more of its subsidiaries, and may be registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Officeand in other countries. All other trademarks and registered trademarks are property of their respective owners.

    TrademarksCitrixXenServer XenCenter

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    Contents

    1. Welcome ....................................................................................................... 1

    1.1. About This Document .................................................................................................. 1

    1.2. Introducing XenServer .................................................................................................. 1

    1.2.1. Benefits of Using XenServer ............................................................................... 1

    1.2.2. Administering XenServer ................................................................................... 1

    1.3. New Features and Improvements Since XenServer 6.1.0 ................................................. 2

    1.3.1. Licensing Simplification ...................................................................................... 2

    1.3.2. Performance and Scale ...................................................................................... 2

    1.3.3. Monitoring ........................................................................................................ 2

    1.3.4. Clone on Boot ................................................................................................... 2

    1.3.5. New and Improved Guest Support ..................................................................... 3

    1.3.6. Other Improvements ......................................................................................... 3

    1.3.7. Retired Features ................................................................................................ 3

    1.3.7.1. Workload Balancing ................................................................................ 3

    1.3.7.2. SCOM Integration ................................................................................... 3

    1.3.7.3. Virtual Machine Protection & Recovery ................................................... 3

    1.3.7.4. Web Self Service .................................................................................... 4

    1.3.7.5. XenConvert ............................................................................................ 4

    1.3.8. Deprecated Features ......................................................................................... 4

    1.4. XenServer Documentation ............................................................................................ 4

    2. System Requirements .................................................................................... 6

    2.1. System Requirements ................................................................................................... 6

    2.1.1. XenServer Host System Requirements ................................................................ 6

    2.1.2. XenCenter System Requirements ........................................................................ 7

    2.1.3. Supported Guest Operating Systems .................................................................. 7

    3. Installing XenServer and XenCenter .............................................................. 8

    3.1. Installation Media and Methods ................................................................................... 8

    3.2. Installing the XenServer Host ........................................................................................ 9

    3.2.1. Host Partition Format ...................................................................................... 11

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    3.3. Installing XenCenter ................................................................................................... 12

    3.4. Connecting XenCenter to the XenServer Host .............................................................. 12

    4. Installation and Deployment Scenarios ....................................................... 13

    4.1. XenServer Hosts with Local Storage ............................................................................ 13

    4.2. Pools of XenServer Hosts with Shared Storage ............................................................. 14

    4.2.1. XenServer Hosts with Shared NFS Storage ......................................................... 14

    4.2.2. XenServer Hosts with Shared iSCSI Storage ....................................................... 15

    5. XenServer and IntelliCache ......................................................................... 18

    5.1. IntelliCache Deployment ............................................................................................. 18

    5.1.1. Enabling on Host Installation ............................................................................ 18

    5.1.2. Converting an Existing Host to Use Thin Provisioning ......................................... 19

    5.1.3. VM Boot Behavior ........................................................................................... 20

    5.1.3.1. VM Caching Behavior Settings ............................................................... 20

    5.1.3.1.1. Shared Desktop Mode ................................................................ 20

    5.1.3.1.2. Private Desktop Mode ................................................................ 20

    5.1.4. Implementation Details and Troubleshooting .................................................... 20

    6. Using SCVMM and SCOM with XenServer .................................................. 22

    6.1. How to install the Integration Suite Supplemental Pack ................................................ 22

    6.1.1. Installing the Integration Suite onto a Running XenServer System ....................... 22

    6.2. Integration Requirements for SCVMM ......................................................................... 23

    6.3. Integration Requirements for SCOM ............................................................................ 23

    7. Upgrading XenServer ................................................................................... 24

    7.1. Rolling Pool Upgrades ................................................................................................ 24

    7.1.1. Upgrading XenServer Hosts Using the XenCenter Rolling Pool Upgrade Wizard................................................................................................................................. 25

    7.1.2. Upgrading XenServer Hosts Using the xe CLI ..................................................... 27

    7.1.2.1. Planning an Upgrade Path ..................................................................... 27

    7.1.2.2. Performing Rolling Pool Upgrades Using the xe CLI ................................. 27

    7.2. Upgrading a Single XenServer Host Using the xe CLI ..................................................... 28

    7.2.1. Before You Upgrade a Single XenServer Host .................................................... 28

  • v7.2.2. Upgrading a Single XenServer Host Using the xe CLI .......................................... 29

    7.3. Upgrading XenServer to Version 5.6 or Earlier Using XenCenter ..................................... 30

    7.4. Upgrading LVM Storage from XenServer 5.0 or Earlier .................................................. 31

    8. Applying Updates and Hotfixes to XenServer .............................................. 32

    8.1. Before You Apply an Update or Hotfix ......................................................................... 32

    8.2. Updating Individual XenServer Hosts ........................................................................... 33

    8.3. Updating a Pool of XenServer Hosts ............................................................................ 34

    9. Licensing XenServer .................................................................................... 36

    9.1. Licensing Citrix XenServer ........................................................................................... 36

    9.2. Additional Licensing Information ................................................................................. 37

    A. Troubleshooting .......................................................................................... 39

    B. Boot From SAN Environments .................................................................... 40

    C. PXE Boot Installations .......................................................................