Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa

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<ul><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 1/7</p><p>Available ONLINE www.vsrdjournals.com</p><p>VSRD-TNTJ, Vol. 3 (3), 2012, 124-130</p><p>____________________________</p><p>1Librarian, Department of Marwadi Education Foundations Group of Institutions, Rajkot, Gujarat, INDIA.2Principal, Department of Library &amp; Information Science, SMIT, Berhampur, Orissa, INDIA.*Correspondence : librarian2006@gmail.com</p><p>RRREEE SSS EEE AAA RRRCCC HHH CCC OOO MMM MMM UUU NNN III CCC AAA TTT III OOO NNN </p><p>Cloud Computing : Academic Library in Orissa1Suresh Chandra Padhy* and</p><p>2RK Mahapatra</p><p>ABSTRACT</p><p>Information and communication technologies (ICT) have become commonplace entities in all aspects of life.</p><p>Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed the practices and procedures of nearly</p><p>all forms of endeavour within business and governance. Within education, ICT has begun to have a presence but</p><p>the value of ICT is not affordable. The basic principle of cloud computing entails the reduction of in-house data</p><p>centres and the delegation of a portion or all of the Information Technology infrastructure capability to a third</p><p>party. Universities and Colleges are the core of innovation through their advanced research and development.</p><p>Subsequently, Higher Institutions may benefit greatly by harnessing the power of cloud computing, including</p><p>cost cutting as well as all the above types of cloud services. In this paper we discuss problems faced with digital</p><p>library and development efforts to overcome that problem. Then it proposed to improve current user service</p><p>model with Cloud Computing. This paper explores the application of cloud computing in academic library in</p><p>Orissa.</p><p>Keywords : ICT, Cloud Computing, Types of Cloud, Impact in Academic Library &amp; Improvement Of User</p><p>Services.</p><p>1. INTRODUCTIONCloud computing is a recent concept that is still evolving across the information technology industry and</p><p>academia. Several definitions have evolved so far, the National Institute of Standards and Technology [4],</p><p>defines cloud computing as a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of</p><p>configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be</p><p>rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction[5]. Three</p><p>typical kinds of cloud computing services are: Processing Clouds that provide scalable and mostly affordable</p><p>computing resources that run enterprise programs, which is also sometimes known as Infrastructure as a service</p><p>(IaaS), Storage Clouds that offer an alternative to local file systems also known as a Platform as a Service</p><p>(PaaS), and Application Clouds also called Software as a Service (SaaS), that allow a thin client to interact with</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 2/7</p><p>Suresh Chandra Padhy et al/ VSRD Technical &amp; Non-Technical Journal Vol. 3 (3), 2012</p><p>Page 125 of 130</p><p>services that are completely hosted on an external infrastructure.</p><p>2. WHAT IS CLOUD COMPUTING ?Cloud computing can be understood as a way to use off-site computer processing power to replace content</p><p>creation and servers that were traditionally hosted onsite. In laymans terms this means using Web services for</p><p>our computing needs (Kroski, 2009). Cloud computer allows content creation to be made when data and</p><p>software applications reside on and are drawn from the network rather than locally on any one workstation. By</p><p>utilizing online applications, users can create and save their files online, share content (often for free!), work</p><p>collaboratively with others or create entire services that can all be accessed online without need of having the</p><p>programs on their own computer.</p><p>These online services can reduce the need for expensive software, hardware, and even advanced technical</p><p>knowledge from library staff since cloud computing services are often streamlined to be very user-friendly. As</p><p>well, the focus shifts away from which devices effectively store data and able to run applications to which</p><p>devices can provide the easiest access to data and applications which are stored at various places on the</p><p>Internet.</p><p>Fig. : Cloud Service Management Implementation Framework</p><p>3. HOW THE TREND WILL IMPACT LIBRARIES ?Beyond the basic components like hosted email services that have a strong consumer base, cloud computing can</p><p>be utilized to address needs which are specific to libraries? This can be broken down into the three types of</p><p>cloud services, replacing a librarys onsite technology environment with an online version, and then situations</p><p>where a library can create its own cloud infrastructure. These areas offer benefits to information professionals:</p><p>outsourced infrastructure, greater flexibility, reduced barriers to innovation, and lower start up investments.</p><p>The three main types of cloud services are Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and</p><p>Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) (Kroski, 2009). First, cloud computing offers the ability of libraries to use</p><p>online software to handle a task like video chat through either Gmail video chat or through Skype. Both of these</p><p>are free services though there is little customization or control available with these applications (Kroski,</p><p>2009). In other words, services you offer through a SaaS interface will look like that of your competitors which</p><p>will not distinguish you from them. On the other hand, since the services and application interfaces are often</p><p>familiar with users, there would be a decrease in the learning curve for library staff and users.</p><p>Second, libraries can create applications in an online environment. These environments allow a library to build,</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 3/7</p><p>Suresh Chandra Padhy et al/ VSRD Technical &amp; Non-Technical Journal Vol. 3 (3), 2012</p><p>Page 126 of 130</p><p>test, and deploy Web-based applications (Kroski, 2009). PaaS gives the library the freedom to explore</p><p>development options without having to purchase and maintain the required infrastructure. This way, if a</p><p>particular program turns out to not be popular or a best fit for a library, they are not stuck with unwanted</p><p>hardware and software which they could not recoup the costs from.</p><p>Third, a library no longer has to purchase their own servers to host their content. By using IaaS, a library can</p><p>purchase server space and computing power. One of the major players in this arena is Amazon which offers the</p><p>Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which provides computing resources and Simple Storage Services (S3) for data</p><p>storage (Kroski, 2009). A library does not need to purchase a server which is underutilized but costs the same</p><p>to purchase and maintain as if it were using all of its resources at all times. By using an IaaS, a library gains the</p><p>benefit of only paying for the resources you actually use.</p><p>Therefore the main benefit for moving to a cloud computing environment for a library is the ability to both try</p><p>out new software without having to buy the hardware as well as being able to scale the computing power to</p><p>meet the demand of users. A librarys IT department can be more flexible in raising the amount of cloud</p><p>computing they require by contacting their vendor instead of physically having to acquire new hardware to meet</p><p>increased demands. This method will save the library money and staff resources.</p><p>4. TYPES OF CLOUDThere are three major types of cloud services available:</p><p>4.1.Software as a Service (SaaS)Applications or software is delivered as a service to the customer who can access the program from any online</p><p>device. Some of these Web-based applications are free such as Hotmail, Google Apps, Skype, and many 2.0</p><p>applications, while most business-oriented SaaS, such as SalesForce, is leased on a subscription basis. There is</p><p>usually little customization or control available with these applications. However, subscribers benefit from low</p><p>initial costs, have access to (usually 24/7) support services, and neednt worry about hosting, installing,</p><p>upgrading, or maintaining the software.</p><p>4.2.Platform as a Service (PaaS)With PaaS, a computing platform is provided which supplies tools and a development environment to help</p><p>companies build, test, and deploy Web-based applications. Businesses don't need to invest in the infrastructure</p><p>required for building Web and mobile applications but can rent the use of platforms such as Windows Azure,</p><p>Google AppEngine, and Force.com. Applications which are built using these providers services, however, are</p><p>usually locked into that one platform.</p><p>4.3.Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)This type of cloud computing is also sometimes referred to as HaaS or Hardware as a Service and it involves</p><p>both storage services and computing power. Amazons Web Services, one of the major players in this area,</p><p>offers two main products including the Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which provides computing resources, and</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 4/7</p><p>Suresh Chandra Padhy et al/ VSRD Technical &amp; Non-Technical Journal Vol. 3 (3), 2012</p><p>Page 127 of 130</p><p>Simple Storage Service (S3) for data storage.</p><p>Companies are using Amazon's Web Services to host or backup their websites, for content delivery, to run high</p><p>performance computing simulations, to host media collections, and much more. Most of these cloud services are</p><p>available on a pay-per-usage basis, differing from the SaaS subscription model, enabling customers to scale up</p><p>or down depending on their need at any given time and only pay for what theyve used.</p><p>5. THE CLOUD IN THE ACADEMIC LIBRARYWhile libraries can use cloud computing applications to create personalized portals for users, the Department of</p><p>Library and Information Studies (LIS) at the University could use cloud computing as their back up</p><p>methodology. This solution was proposed when confronted with the department to another building on campus.</p><p>The current proposal for back up within the LIS department is to have an external hard drive that is passed</p><p>around to faculty members to back their data up on. However, this is a tedious process that also endangers thedata due to the physical shuffling of the hard drive from place to place. The files that are to be backed up often</p><p>exist on only the computers of faculty and staff or on flash drives. There is no centralized location of the files.</p><p>The method proposing is for the department is to create their own cloud server. This can be accomplished by the</p><p>purchase of a Pogoplug device that connects to the network. Pogoplug is an internet enable product that will</p><p>allow the LIS department to connect their own external hard drives to it and then anyone with the access</p><p>permissions will be able to access the data stored on the hard drives. In summary, it is a simple cloud server.</p><p>With Pogoplug, faculty and staff will be able to access the cloud hard drives through a web portal. Or they can</p><p>also make their folder on Pogoplug appear as a folder on their desktop connected computer. In order to make</p><p>this a backup solution, faculty should have a copy of the files also on their desktop computer. It will need to be</p><p>investigated if a free synchronization application like ToySync from Microsoft would be capable of</p><p>automatically keeping folders synchronized without the need to do it manually. This solution has been proposed</p><p>to the chair of the LIS Tech Committee. The next likely step if the proposal goes through will be securing a</p><p>Pogoplug and testing it on the network before full-scale implementation by all parties.</p><p>Libraries will want to consider what types of information or processes they want to trust to the cloud. The</p><p>responsibility of libraries to preserve information at the Top Tech Trends panel, making the point that</p><p>outsourcing its preservation in effect relinquishes that obligation.</p><p>Libraries will need to consider not only this type of ethical quandary, but also practical ones such as the privacy</p><p>of sensitive information such as patron records, and concerns about records retention requirements. But it</p><p>neednt be an all-or-nothing decision as libraries may choose to continue to host some of their own systems</p><p>while using the cloud for less sensitive processes such as hosting library websites, backing up media collections,</p><p>or storing and accessing bibliographic data.</p><p>Libraries have already begun to adopt cloud services to alleviate their IT departments and increaseefficiency.</p><p>In addition to these libraries, the Library of Congress has entered into a partnership with Duracloud for a one-</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 5/7</p><p>Suresh Chandra Padhy et al/ VSRD Technical &amp; Non-Technical Journal Vol. 3 (3), 2012</p><p>Page 128 of 130</p><p>year pilot program testing out cloud storage capabilities (see last months interview with LC staffers for more),</p><p>and OCLC has announced a new Web-scale, cooperative library management service.</p><p>6. IMPROVEMENT OF USER SERVICE MODEL IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIESWith the rapid development of various IT technologies, users' information requirements are increasingly</p><p>personalized. And now more and more libraries advocated user-centred services. So librarians should mine and</p><p>study users' information requirements frequently. And only in this way, they can master the basic demands of</p><p>their users. And furthermore, library can develop itself according to such information and improve users'</p><p>satisfaction. University library, as we all know, is famous for its academic and teaching influences. And IT</p><p>technology has been the driving force of library development. What's more, librarians can keep using new</p><p>technology to develop library and optimize library service. With the expansion of Cloud Computing application,</p><p>this paper proposed to apply Cloud Computing in libraries. By establishing a pubic cloud among many</p><p>university libraries, it not only can conserve library resources but also can improve its user satisfaction.</p><p>Fig. : Application of Cloud Computing in Academic Library</p><p>6.1.Unified Search Service ModelAlthough there are OPAC (Online Public Access Catalogue) and ILL (Inter-library loan) services already,</p><p>library users still cannot access to the shared resources through an uniform access platform. However, with the</p><p>adoption of Cloud Computing in university library, the integrated library resources support distributed uniform</p><p>access interface. At the same time, the uniform access platform can promote library resources, guide and answer</p><p>users' questions by using high-quality navigation. As a result, users can grip more information retrieval methods</p><p>and make better use of library resources</p></li><li><p>7/29/2019 Cloud Computing Academic Library in Orissa</p><p> 6/7</p><p>Suresh Chandra Padhy et al/ VSRD Technical &amp; Non-Technical Journal Vol. 3 (3), 2012</p><p>Page 129 of 130</p><p>6.2.Integrated Consulting Services ModelToday almost every university library can provide its users with network reference by BBS or Email. But with</p><p>the constant improvement of users' demanding, integrated digital reference service came into being. And driven</p><p>by Cloud Computing, CDRS...</p></li></ul>

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