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COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL - 6th Corps Combat Manuals... · PDF fileFM 4-20 COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL SEACOAST ARTILLERY FORMATIONS, INSPECTIONS, SERVICE, AND CARE OF MATERIEL

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  • MHI FM 4-20Copy 3

    WAR DEPARTMiJit

    COAST ARTILLERYFIELD MANUAL

    SEACOAST ARTILLERY

    FORMATIONS, INSPECTIONS,SERVICE, AND CARE OF

    MATERIEL

  • FM 4-20

    COAST ARTILLERYFIELD MANUAL

    SEACOAST ARTILLERY

    FORMATIONS, INSPECTIONS,SERVICE, AND CARE OF' MATERIEL

    Prepared under direction of theChief of Coast Artillery

    UNITED STATES

    GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

    WASHINGTON: 1940

    For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. - Price 15 cents

  • WAR DEPARTMENT,WASHINGTON, April 10, 1940.

    FM 4-20, Coast Artillery Field Manual, Seacoast Artillery-Formations, Inspections, Service, and Care of Materiel, is pub-lished for the information and guidance of all concerned.

    [A. G. 062.11 (2-21-40).]

    BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

    G. C. MARSHALL,Chief of Staff.

    OFFICIAL:

    E. S. ADAMS,Major General,

    The Adjutant General.

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    CHAPTER 1. FORMATIONS AND INSPECTIONS. Paragraphs PageSection I. Formations _-------------------- 1-6 1-4

    II. Artillery inspections__ ------- _-- 7-9 4-6III. Other inspections--------------- 10-12 6-7

    CHAPTER 2. SERVICE AT THE EMPLACEMENTS.Section I. General duties of battery officers--__ 13-15 8-10

    II. Organization of the gun sections_ 16-17 10III. Duties of certain enlisted men__.. 18-21 11-15IV. Information on the service of the

    piece --- _-----------------_--- 22-25 16-18CHAPTER 3. PREPARATIONS FOR FIRING -------------- 26-45 19-27CHAPTER 4. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.

    Section I. General_------_----------------- 46-48 28-29II. Safeguarding property__________ -- 49-51 29-30

    III. The safety officer --------------- 52-57 30-31IV. Safety pointing observers --.----- 58-59 31-32V. Safety of towing vessel---___________ 60-61 32-33

    VI. Safety precautions applicable toall types of seacoast armament_ 62-67 33-36

    VII. Safety precautions applicable toarmament using separate load-ing ammunition -______-- __--- 68-75 36-40

    VIII. Safety precautions applicable toarmament using fixed ammuni-tion -____-____--- __-__--____-- 76-79 41

    CHAPTER 5. SALUTES ----------------------------- 80-83 42-44CHAPTER 6. CARE OF MATERIEL.

    Section I. General-_______________--_--__-- 84-86 45-49II. Engineer property and installations 87-91 49-51

    III. Signal Corps property and installa-tions__----------.------------- 92-98 52-54

    IV. Ordnance property and installa-tions _----------------------- 99-103 54-60

    V. Care and handling of ammuni-tion___---------_------------ 104-116 60-63

    INDEX ------------------------------------------------ . 64-71

    III

  • FM 4-20

    COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL

    SEACOAST ARTILLERY

    FORMATIONS, INSPECTIONS, SERVICE, AND CARE OFMATERIEL

    (The matter contained herein supersedes chapters 3, 4, and 5,part two, Coast Artillery Field Manual, volume I, February 1, 1933.)

    CHAPTER 1

    FORMATIONS AND INSPECTIONS

    ParagraphsSECTION I. Formations ___________-___-_-_-- - __---__ 1-6

    II. Artillery inspections ___---_-------------- 7-9III. Other inspections _________-____-____--__ 10-12

    SECTION I

    FORMATIONS

    * 1. INFANTRY FORMATIONS.-For infantry formations, drills,ceremonies, and inspections, all seacoast artillery units con-form to the provisions of FM 22-5. Batteries are organizedinto squads and platoons for this purpose.

    * 2. ARTILLERY FORMATIONS.-The battery is the only seacoastartillery unit that engages in prescribed artillery formationsand inspections.

    * 3. FORMING THE BATTERY.-FOr purposes of artillery train-ing, inspections, and maneuvers the battery is formed as in-dicated in figure 1. The first sergeant takes post nine pacesin front of where the center of the battery is to rest and,facing that point, commands: FALL IN. Each chief of sec-tion and separate detail takes post three paces in frontof and facing where the center of his section or detail is torest and superintends its formation. Each section andseparate detail assembles in two ranks, with 4 inches betweenfiles and 40 inches between ranks. Chiefs of squads formin the front rank on the right of their respective squads.After the sections and separate details are formed, they areverified by their respective chiefs, who then face to the front.

    1

  • 3-6 COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL

    The first sergeant commands: REPORT. Each chief of sec-tion or separate detail, successively from the right, salutes andreports, "__..... section (detail) present," or "_-------- ab-sent" (giving names of unauthorized absentees), and takespost in the front rank one pace to the right of his sectionor detail. The first sergeant faces about, salutes, and reportsto the battery commander, who has taken post 12 paces infront of the center of the battery, "Sir, all present or ac-counted for," or "-------- noncommissioned officers andprivates absent." When the battery commander has acknowl-edged the report, the first sergeant takes his post in the frontrank one pace to the right of the chief of the commanddetail. The battery officers form as shown in figure 1, facingto the front.

    * 4. MARCHING THE BATTERY.-The battery is formed in col-umn for marching by the command RIGHT (LEFT), FACE. At

    the second command all face to the right (left), the batteryofficers taking post opposite and one pace to the left (right)of the leading file of their respective sections. The bugler,who is in rear, after facing, steps up to the left (right) ofthe bugler in front of him. The battery in column ismarched, halted, and changed in direction as prescribedin FM 22-5. In marching, the column extends to easy march-ing distance; in halting, all close up to facing distance with-out command. The battery commander marches in suchposition as will enable him to direct the movement of thecolumn most advantageously.

    E 5. POSTING THE SECTIONS AND DETAILS.-At the commandSECTIONS, POSTS, given either while marching or from a halt,the chiefs of sections or separate details fall out of ranksand assume command of and march their respective sectionsor details to the immediate vicinity of their emplacementor station. To post the details, the chiefs of sections andseparate details command: 1. DETAILS, 2. POSTS. At the sec-ond command the details fall out of ranks, procure equipment,and take their posts as specified in the field manuals per-taining to the service of the piece.

    * 6. DISMISSING THE BATTERY.--. In ranks.-The battery inartillery formation in ranks is dismissed as prescribed for

    2

  • SERVICE AND CARE OF MATERIEL 6

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  • 6-9 COAST ARTILLERY FIELD MANUAL

    infantry units in FM 22-5, omitting that part pertaining tothe inspection of arms when the battery is unarmed.

    b. At artillery drill.-The battery commander commands:DISMISSED. The range officer commands: CLOSE STA-TION. The battery executive commands: REPLACE EQUIP-MENT. After complying with instructions, chiefs of sectionsand separate details command: FORM SECTION. The bat-tery is then formed and marched to its quarters and dis-missed. Subdivisions from remote stations are marched totheir quarters and dismissed by their chiefs.

    SECTION II

    ARTILLERY INSPECTIONS

    1 7. PURPosE.-Artillery inspections are made with all indi-viduals at their battle stations to-

    a. Ascertain the condition, mechanical functioning, stateof preservation, and appearance of all materiel and equip-ment issued the units inspected.

    b. Determine the efficiency of the personnel in the per-formance of their duties, individually and as a team.

    c. Detect faults or deficiencies for the purpose of correctingthem.

    * 8. INSPECTING OFFICERS.-Artillery inspections are madeby harbor defense, fort, groupment, group, and battery com-manders. They are the normal and routine inspections of acommand. Each commander inspects his own command ashe may desire or as may be required by the next highercommander. Normally, batteries are inspected weekly oroftener by the battery commander, twice a month by groupor groupment commanders, and monthly by fort and harbordefense commanders. No formal reports of artillery inspec-tions are made, but deficiencies noted are referred to theproper agencies for correction. Such phases of training andsuch training inspections as are desired may be taken up atthe same time and in connection with the inspection.

    9. PRocEDURE.-- a. The armament, fire-control apparatus,and all accessory equipment at the emplacements and stationshaving been carefully cleaned and arranged as for serviceconditions, tlhe various sections, details, and individuals take

    4

  • SERVICE AND CARE OF MATERIEL 9

    posts as prescribed in appropriate field manuals. The in-spector inspects the emplacements, magazines, and stationsin the most convenient order. If the inspector is other thanthe battery commander, he is accompanied by the latter. Asthe inspector approaches, the chief of section or detail com-mands: ATTENTION, faces the inspector, salutes, and re-ports, "Sir, Corporal Smith, Battery A, Observer B"," or"Sir, Sergeant Jones, Battery A, gun commander." Chiefsof sections or details give necessary commands to display themechanical functioning of various equipment.

    b. An artillery inspection will be conducted so as to includethe following:

    (1) Examination of the equipment, the implements, andall parts of the gun, carriages, and emplacements, specialattention being given to-

    Breech mechanisms.Vents, to determine condition as to rust or pitting.Obturators, to see that they are adjusted properly and

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