COLD WAR. ESSENTIAL QUESTION What was the Cold War?

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  • COLD WAR

  • ESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat was the Cold War?

  • COLD WARWar of ideas between Soviets and U.S.COMMUNISM- gov. owns businesses (Soviet)CAPITALISM- citizens own businesses (U.S.)

  • SATELLITE NATIONSThose controlled by the Soviets.

  • IRON CURTAINTerm for East European satellite nations.

  • BERLIN WALLDivided German capital into capitalist (West) and communist (East) halves.

  • ESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow did the U.S deal with the Cold War?

  • BERLIN AIRLIFTU.S gets supplies to West Berlin.

  • CONTAINMENTU.S policy to keep communism from spreading to other nations.

  • NATOWestern European nations and U.S form alliance against communism.

  • WARSAW PACTEast European nations and Soviets form alliance against capitalism.

  • ESSENTIAL QUESTIONIn what areas of the world did the Cold War became actual fighting?

  • CHINESE CIVIL WARFight between Nationalists and Communists.

  • CHIANG KAI-SHEKLeader of Nationalists- friends of the U.S

  • MAO ZEDONGLeader of Communists- friends of Soviets

  • TAIWANNationalists ended up in control of this island.

  • MAINLAND CHINAControlled by the Communists.

  • KOREAN WARFight over communism and capitalism.NORTH- communist, friends of ChinaSOUTH- capitalist, friends of U.S.

  • POLICE ACTIONUnited Nations agrees to protect South Korea.U.S supplies 90% of the soldiers.

  • KIM IL-SUNGNorth Korean communist dictator, supported by China and Soviet Union.

  • MACARTHURAmerican general, wanted to use nuclear weapons against China.Fired by U.S President Truman- afraid of WWIII

  • STALEMATEKorean War ends in a tie.

  • 38th ParallelThe border between North and South Korea.DEMILITARIZED ZONE- A neutral area between the two Koreas, no one allowed in or out.