COLD WAR. ESSENTIAL QUESTION What was the Cold War?
Embed Size (px)
Text of COLD WAR. ESSENTIAL QUESTION What was the Cold War?
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat was the Cold War?
COLD WARWar of ideas between Soviets and U.S.COMMUNISM- gov. owns businesses (Soviet)CAPITALISM- citizens own businesses (U.S.)
SATELLITE NATIONSThose controlled by the Soviets.
IRON CURTAINTerm for East European satellite nations.
BERLIN WALLDivided German capital into capitalist (West) and communist (East) halves.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONHow did the U.S deal with the Cold War?
BERLIN AIRLIFTU.S gets supplies to West Berlin.
CONTAINMENTU.S policy to keep communism from spreading to other nations.
NATOWestern European nations and U.S form alliance against communism.
WARSAW PACTEast European nations and Soviets form alliance against capitalism.
ESSENTIAL QUESTIONIn what areas of the world did the Cold War became actual fighting?
CHINESE CIVIL WARFight between Nationalists and Communists.
CHIANG KAI-SHEKLeader of Nationalists- friends of the U.S
MAO ZEDONGLeader of Communists- friends of Soviets
TAIWANNationalists ended up in control of this island.
MAINLAND CHINAControlled by the Communists.
KOREAN WARFight over communism and capitalism.NORTH- communist, friends of ChinaSOUTH- capitalist, friends of U.S.
POLICE ACTIONUnited Nations agrees to protect South Korea.U.S supplies 90% of the soldiers.
KIM IL-SUNGNorth Korean communist dictator, supported by China and Soviet Union.
MACARTHURAmerican general, wanted to use nuclear weapons against China.Fired by U.S President Truman- afraid of WWIII
STALEMATEKorean War ends in a tie.
38th ParallelThe border between North and South Korea.DEMILITARIZED ZONE- A neutral area between the two Koreas, no one allowed in or out.