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COLORADO HISTORY FRENCH EXPLORERS. FRENCH EXPLORATION Late 17 th century, France challenged Spains control of western North America France already controlled

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COLORADO HISTORY FRENCH EXPLORERS Slide 2 FRENCH EXPLORATION Late 17 th century, France challenged Spains control of western North America France already controlled the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes Lasalle went down the Mississippi River and claimed the whole valley of the Mississippi. (including all tributaries) He named it la Louisiane. Soon French traders and explorers began working their way up the western branches Slide 3 MALLET BROTHERS First French to enter and explore Colorado Peter & Paul Mallet Led the first French expedition through Santa Fe Came up the Platte River, cut across to the Arkansas River and entered Colorado Named the Platte River Platte means flat Slide 4 FRENCH EXPLORATION Following this expedition, a number of French traders traveled through Colorado on their way to New Mexico. But the Spaniards did not welcome them. Slide 5 Spanish and French Explorers of the Plains Green = Mallet, 1739-41 Red = Coronado, 1541 Slide 6 FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR 1763-French & Indian War ends This ends the rivalry between France and Spain for the land of Colorado and the prairie country eastward. By treaty France ceded her territorial claims west of the Mississippi to Spain. Land east of the Mississippi went to Britain Slide 7 FRENCH CLAIM All of Colorado was now undisputed Spanish soil. 1800, the Louisiana territory was re-ceded to France. 1803-Purchased by US for $15 Million Slide 8 CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE FRENCH Better exploration, maps and Indian trails Led the way for the trappers, traders and mountain men Named Platte River Slide 9 Spain established its colony of Santa Fe in New Mexico in 1598. Spain claimed a huge, but unspecified, region within about 345 miles of the upper Rio Grande as part of this colony. This claim encompassed all of the present states of New Mexico and Colorado and adjacent areas. Review of Spanish & French Explorers Slide 10 A century later, France established its colony of la Louisiane in 1699. France claimed the entire drainage basin of the Mississippi River. Slide 11 Review of Spanish & French Explorers Spain assumed administration of la Louisiane as a result of the Treaty of Paris signed in 1763. Spain renamed the colony Louisiana, but the colony retained its essential French character. Slide 12 Slide 13 France reacquired Louisiana as a result of the Treaty of San Ildefonso signed in secrecy in 1800, but France was ill equipped to resume control of its colony. Slide 14 The United States acquired a claim to the entire Mississippi River drainage basin with its Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803. This claim conflicted with Spain's claim to the southern Rocky Mountain region. Slide 15 Mxico declared its independence in 1810, but Spain continued to assert its control. The United States ceded the region south and west of the Arkansas River to Spain (in exchange for Florida) with the Adams-Ons Treaty in 1821. Slide 16 Six months later in 1821, Spain recognized the independence of Mxico. Slide 17 Questions 1. Who were the brothers who were the first French to come to CO? 2. What is the name of the territory between the Mississippi and Rockies, that changed hands numerous times? 3.T or F: The first French explorer in the western US was LaSalle. 4. T or F: At one time or another, parts of Colorado were claimed by Spain, Mexico, France and Texas. 5. Which US President bought the Louisiana Purchase from the French? A. George WashingtonB. Thomas Jefferson C. Abe LincolnD. John Quincy Adams

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