Communication between Mr. Raymond Andrew Noe, Phd writer of “Employee Training and Developmentâ€‌ and Mr. Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR management student at Hamdard University

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With this diagram I am proposing that in any training sessions trainer will come across individuals who will have these characteristic. More possibilities are, they may in a mixture of combinations. Every session designed should compass audio, video and kinesthetic features for maximum transfer of information to the participants. E.g: A presenter who will make visual aids for presentation, present it him/her self or others narration for it and include some exercises or games to further elaborate it, will be the most successful in transferring the knowledge. But the information present in these visual, audio aids should include live examples of business or people involved in it for personalities who are Accommodators, create environment for imagination and processing for imaginary solutions for a given problem. This is for Diverger type of individuals. Converger also want to put their acquired information into action, for those a presenter should come up with practical exercises. Now if presenter would give examples of people already in use of such solutions and what results they acquired, will mostly attract Assimilator type individuals. For further reading an activity booklet is included in this study.AuditoryVisualKinestheticDivergerAccomodatorAssimilatorConverger

Text of Communication between Mr. Raymond Andrew Noe, Phd writer of “Employee Training...

Learning StylesCommunication between Mr. Raymond Andrew Noe, Phd writer of Employee Training and Development and Mr. Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR management student at Hamdard University.

Conclusion of the communication between two are as follows. As per chapter 4 of Employee Training and Development there are four learning styles. But before we go into that lets take the things from start.

Training Design Process

Training Design Process You have to conduct TNA to establish the need. Organization should be made prepared in order to receive training. An environment of learning should be created. Now you can plan how to transfer the training.

4th STEP of Training Design Process

Ensuring Transfer of TrainingHuman that is us receives, process and reacts to information in different ways. Every human being has their own filters. Their experiences, relationships, friends, surroundings and environment play a crucial role in shaping these behavior. In this book writer discuss the part of Response Generators by defining the four styles of learning. A Model of Human Information Processing

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Learning Styles by Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR

1.

Accommodators - (Concreteexperience/Active experimenter)

2.

Assimilator - (Abstractconceptualization/ Reflective observer)

3.

Convergers - (Abstractconceptualization/Active experimenter)

4.

Divergers - (Reflectiveobserver/Concrete Experience)

Little Brief intro about them. David Kolb's model This model is called David A. Kolb learning styles model, it is based on the Experiential Learning Theory, as explained in his book Experiential Learning: Experience as the source of learning and development (1984). The ELT model outlines two related approaches toward grasping experience: Concrete Experience and Abstract Conceptualization, as well as two related approaches toward transforming experience: Reflective Observation and Active Experimentation. According to Kolbs model, the ideal learning process engages all four of these modes in response to situational demands.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Concrete experience: being involved in a new experience Reflective observation: watching others or developing observations about ones own experience Abstract conceptualization: creating theories to explain observations Active experimentation: using theories to solve problems, make decisions

This can also be compiled in one word, Adult Learning process called Andagogy.

BEFORE RESPONSE OR PERSONAL FILTERS (Kolb Learning Styles) There is Step 2 and 3 of Human Information ProcessingWhat is the best way to transfer information for maximum human absorption? The Multiple Intelligences concepts and VAK (or VARK or VACT) learning styles models offer relatively simple and accessible methods to understand and explain people's preferred ways to learn and develop. Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory was first published in Howard Gardner's book, Frames Of Mind (1983), and quickly became established as a classical model by which to understand and teach many aspects of human intelligence, learning style, personality and behavior - in education and industry.

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Learning Styles by Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR

The following are the 3 styles of learning Related tasks, activities or tests write a set of instructions; speak on a subject; edit a written piece or work; write a speech; commentate on an event; apply positive or negative 'spin' to a story juggle; demonstrate a sports technique; flip a beer-mat; create a mime to explain something; toss a pancake; fly a kite; coach workplace posture, assess work-station ergonomics Preferred learning style clues

Intelligence type

Description

Typical roles writers, lawyers, journalists, speakers, trainers, copy-writers, english teachers, poets, editors, linguists, translators, PR consultants, media consultants, TV and radio presenters, voice-over artistes dancers, demonstrators, actors, athletes, divers, sports-people, soldiers, fire-fighters, PTI's, performance artistes; ergonomists, osteopaths, fishermen, drivers, craftspeople; gardeners, chefs, acupuncturists, healers, adventurers

1

Linguistic/ Auditory

words and language, written and spoken; retention, interpretation and explanation of ideas and information via language, understands relationship between communication and meaning

words and language

4

BodilyKinesthetic

body movement control, manual dexterity, physical agility and balance; eye and body coordination

physical experience and movement, touch and feel

5

SpatialVisual

visual and spatial perception; interpretation and creation of visual images; pictorial imagination and expression; understands relationship between images and meanings, and between space and effect

artists, designers, cartoonists, storyboarders, architects, photographers, sculptors, town-planners, visionaries, inventors, engineers, cosmetics and beauty consultants

design a costume; interpret a painting; create a room layout; create a corporate logo; design a building; pack a suitcase or the boot of a car

pictures, shapes, images, 3D space

Roles and intrapersonal intelligence: Given that a 'role' tends to imply external style/skills, engagement, etc., the intrapersonal ability is less

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Learning Styles by Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR

Merger of 2 styles (Kolb + Howard Learning Styles)In Conversation with Mr. Raymond. He and I both agreed the we can find Kolb learning styles present as a sub group in Mr. Howard learning preferences. My question with Mr. Raymond was; Mr. Raymond A Noe says in his reply One set of learning styles (on page 152 of the text) is based on how individuals solve problems. The learning style referred to in the SPHR study guide deals with how learners prefer to receive instruction (movement, seeing it, hearing it). On your fifth addition in Chapter No. 4: Learning theories and Program Design at page number 152; You are stating there are Four types of learning Styles. 1. Diverger 2. Assimilator 3. converger 4. Accomodator In an another book ; PHR/SPHR Study Guide by Anne M. Bogardus; In Module 4; Human Resource Development, She is stating there are three type of Learning Style; 1. Visual Learners 2. Auditory Learners 3. Kinesthetic Learners.

My Question is as follows; What are the difference between these 2 styles? Mr. Raymond response was; One set of learning styles (on page 152 of the text) is based on how individuals solve problems. The learning style referred to in the SPHR study guide deals with how learners prefer to receive instruction (movement, seeing it, hearing it). Here One set of learning styles (on page 152 of the text) is referred to the Kolb Four Learning Style. And The learning style referred to in the SPHR study guide is referring to three learning styles of Mr. Howard My second Question was; To better understand, if I say that, the below mentioned three "learning preferences", can also have the four "problem solving individuals" in them as sub-groups. Will this somehow be accurate. Mr. Raymond answer was; Yes, that would be accurate. Ray

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Learning Styles by Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR

In light of the above communication the following graph is developed.

Kolb+Howard Combined Learning StylesAuditory Visual Kinesthetic

Diverger

Accomodator

Assimilator

Converger

With this diagram I am proposing that in any training sessions trainer will come across individuals who will have these characteristic. More possibilities are, they may in a mixture of combinations. Every session designed should compass audio, video and kinesthetic features for maximum transfer of information to the participants. E.g: A presenter who will make visual aids for presentation, present it him/her self or others narration for it and include some exercises or games to further elaborate it, will be the most successful in transferring the knowledge. But the information present in these visual, audio aids should include live examples of business or people involved in it for personalities who are Accommodators, create environment for imagination and processing for imaginary solutions for a given problem. This is for Diverger type of individuals. Converger also want to put their acquired information into action, for those a presenter should come up with practical exercises. Now if presenter would give examples of people already in use of such solutions and what results they acquired, will mostly attract Assimilator type individuals. For further reading an activity booklet is included in this study.

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Learning Styles by Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR

Learning StylesCommunication between Mr. Raymond Andrew Noe, Phd writer of Employee Training and Development and Mr. Zulfiqar Maqbool, PHR management student at Hamdard University.

ACTVITY BOOKLETIn depth look into Four learning Styles of Kolb.CONVERGER - Those with highest scores in Abstract Conceptualization (AC) and Active Experimentation (AE). This person's greatest strength lies in the practical application of ideas. A person with this style seems to do best in those situations where there is a single correct answer or solution to a question or problem and can focus on specific problems or situations. Research on this style of learning shows that Convergers are relatively unemotional, preferring to deal with things rather than people. They often choose to specialize in the physical sciences, engineering, and computer sciences. DIVERGER - Those with highest scores in Concrete Experience (CE) and Reflective Observation (RO). Divergers have characteristics opposite from convergers. Their greatest strengths lie in creativity and imaginative ability. A p