Comparing the American and French Revolutions

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Comparing the American and French Revolutions. American - Government. Not a country British colony British Governor England Monarch George III Parliamentary Rule Colonies had the right to assemble Continental Congress. American - Reasons. England Wanted a return on their investment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Comparing the American and French Revolutions

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Comparing the American and French Revolutions1American - GovernmentNot a countryBritish colonyBritish GovernorEnglandMonarchGeorge IIIParliamentary RuleColonies had the right to assembleContinental Congress

2American - ReasonsEnglandWanted a return on their investment Needed Americas raw materialsNeeded Americas cash (taxes)

ColoniesEnlightenment ideasWanted equality before the lawWanted more power to rule and make their own decisions3American - PeopleSocial DivisionsMore by job than classEducationIndependent MindedUsed to self government

4American EventsBritish passed a series of new taxes on the colonies Sugar, Stamp, Townsend, Tea and othersQuartering ActBoston MassacreBoston Tea PartyCommon Sense

5American RevolutionDeclaration of IndependenceOn July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America

6American RevolutionThe ConstitutionIn 1787, Americans drafted the Constitution of the United States which created a federal government based on popular sovereignty

7French - GovernmentAbsolute MonarchyLouis XVI

BeforeAfter8French - ReasonsEconomicLow wagesHigh taxesInflationEnlightenment IdealsPhilosophesMonarchys lavish spending

9French - PeopleSocial Order1st Estate (Aristocracy)2nd Estate (Clergy)3rd Estate (Everybody else)97% of the population

10French - EventsHeavy taxes on the 3rd EstateTennis Court OathNational AssemblyStorming the Bastille

11French Revolution: DeclarationIn 1789, the National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the CitizenInfluenced by the Declaration of IndependenceProclaimed the equality of all menDeclared that sovereignty resided in the peopleAsserted individual rights to:LibertyProsperitySecurity12Reforms of the National AssemblyReconfigured French societyAbolished the first estateDefined clergy as civiliansMade the king the chief executive but deprived him of legislative authorityConstitutional MonarchyMen with property could vote

13Primary DifferenceThe Americans sought independence from British imperial rule, but they kept British law and much of the British social and cultural heritageThe French revolutionaries sought to replace the ancien regime (the old order) with new political, social, and cultural structures14