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Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

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Page 1: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Confederate States of AmericaBy Morgan Tobey

1861-1865

Page 2: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

The Rise of the Confederacy

Election of 1860, Democratic Party split

John C. Breckinridge- Southern Rights Democrat

Stephen A. Douglas- Democrat

John Bell- Constitutional Union

Abraham Lincoln- Republican

Lincoln defeats every individual

Lower south secedes

Page 3: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

The Beginning of the Confederacy

After Lincoln was elected, seven states seceded:

South Carolina December 20, 1860

Mississippi January 9, 1861

Florida January 10, 1861

Alabama January 11, 1861

Georgia January 19, 1861

Louisiana January 26, 1861

Texas February 1, 1861

Page 4: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865
Page 5: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

The Constitution

The seven states met in Montgomery, Alabama- the capital- and wrote a constitution

Constitution promised slavery in states and territories

Strengthened states’ rights

Didn’t let Congress make protective tariffs

President gets one six-year term

Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens elected President and V.P.

http://www.usconstitution.net/csa.html

Page 6: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865
Page 7: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Results of Fort Sumter

The confederates had their first victory and a sense of pride

Four more states seceded:Virginia April 17, 1861

Arkansas May 6, 1861

Tennessee May 7, 1861

North Carolina May 20, 1861

Page 8: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865
Page 9: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Economy

Reluctant to raise taxes to pay for war

Began printing treasury notes

Caused major inflation

Confederate $1= Union 1cent

King Cotton Diplomacy

War destroyed economy

Page 10: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

People

Most did not own slaves

Most were small farmers

Many fought to defend homeland

Religious and used Bible to defend slavery

Slaves became Christian

Page 11: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Important Figures in the Confederacy

Robert E. Lee- commander-in-chief of the Confederate army

“Stonewall” Jackson- commander who never backed down

Page 12: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Important Figures

Jefferson Davis- president of the Confederacy

P.G.T. Beauregard-general who won at First Battle of Bull Run

Page 13: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Fall of the Confederacy

Lee surrenders

Union takes Richmond

Davis captured

By June all confederates surrender

Reconstruction begins

Page 14: Confederate States of America By Morgan Tobey 1861-1865

Bibliography

"Confederate States of America." wikipedia. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_states_of_america>.

mount, steve. "Constitution of the Confederate States of America." the U.S. constitution online. 01/012/2007. steve mount, Web. 25 Nov 2009. <http://www.usconstitution.net/csa.html>.

gourley, bruce. "Recent History on Religion and the Civil War." The American Civil War an Online Resource Guide. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://brucegourley.com/civilwar/gourleyhistor4.htm>.

"Famous People of the Civil War." Cyber Essays. Web. 27 Nov 2009. <http://www.cyberessays.com/history/6.htm>.

Murrin, John M. Liberty Equality Power A History of the American People. 3rd ed. Thomson Learning Inc., 527,531,541,542. Print.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5kWADI4umuM