- 1. JESUS CHRIST SUFFERED UNDERPONTIUS PILATE, WASCRUCIFIED, DIED AND WAS BURIED.
2. What is the Paschal Mystery? The most important part of the Gospel.Easter! Our Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke andJohn) are passion narratives withintroductions. In short form the Paschal mystery involvestwo aspects the death and resurrectionof Jesus the Christ. 3. What is the Paschal Mystery?Paschal mystery is understood as Christs passion, crucifixion, death, burial, descent into hell, Resurrection, and Ascension. 4. Christs Death (CCC 599- Christs Resurrection623) liberates us from (CCC 638-58) opens forsin. us the way to new life. 5. Christs death is closely related tothree sacrifices in the Old Testament1. The sacrifice of the Covenant (Ex 24:4-8).2. The sacrifice of the Passover Lamb (Ex 12:1-14, 21-27, 46-47).3. The sacrifice of the Day of Atonement (Lev 16:1-34). 6. 1. Sacrifice of the Covenant(Exodus 24:4) Jesus words spoken overthe chalice, calling hisblood the blood of thecovenant (Mt 26:28; Mk14:24; Luke 22:20). St. Paul refers to thesame Tradition Thischalice is the newcovenant in my blood (1Cor 11:23-27). 7. 2. The Sacrifice of the PassoverLamb (Exodus 12) John the Baptist refers to The imagery of the bookJesus, "Behold, the Lamb of Revelation is evocativeof God, who takes away of the Passover lamb.the sin of the world! (Jn St Paul exhorts; Cleanse1:29). out the old leaven that In Johns Gospel the you may be a new lump,soldiers came to Jesusas you really areand saw that he wasunleavened. For Christ,already dead, they did not our paschal lamb, hasbreak his legs (Jn 19:33- been sacrificed. (1 Cor36) fulfilling the 5:7).regulations that not abone be broken of thePassover lamb (Ex 12:46; 8. 3. The Sacrifice for the Day ofAtonement (Leviticus 16) The Letter to theHebrews (9:1-17)explicitly comparessacrifice on the Day ofAtonement with Christsdeath and entry into thesanctuary. St John calls Christssacrifice an expiation forour sins (1 Jn 2:2; 4:10)and says we arecleansed by his blood (1Jn 1:7). St. Paul calls Jesus 9. The Mystic Lamb by Jan van EyckThe Lamb of Sacrifice, abiding forever, surrounded by the instruments of thePassion and the saints gathered in heaven, the fruits of the atonement. 10. Prefiguring the Paschal Mystery in ScriptureThe Proto-Gospel (Gen 3:15) The seed of the woman willcrush the head of the serpent,who will bruise his heal. I will put enmity between youand the woman, and betweenyour seed and her seed; heshall bruise your head, andyou shall bruise his heel 11. The Sacrifice of Isaac on Mt Moriah (Gen 22, cf. 2 Chron 3) God will provide himself the lamb for a burntoffering, my son. Mount Moria becomes the site of the Temple inJerusalem. 12. Passover Lamb (Ex 12) Your lamb shall be without blemish, amale a year old; you shall take it from thesheep or from the goats. . . In this manneryou shall eat it: your loins girded, yoursandals on your feet, and your staff in yourhand; and you shall eat it in haste. It is theLORDs passover. 13. The Scriptures had foretold this divineplan of salvation through the putting todeath of the righteous one, my Servantas a mystery of universal redemption, thatis, as the ransom that would free menfrom the slavery of sin (CCC 601). [Isa 53:11; cf. 53:12; Jn 8:34-36; Acts 3:14] 14. The Paschal Mystery entails the following aspects: Christs passion, crucifixion, death, burial, descent into hell, resurrection and ascension (CCC 512) which we have grouped into five stages: 15. What were the events of the Passion? 16. What were the events of the Passion? Triumphal entryCrucifixion Laying in the tombScourgingTrial Crowning with thorns Ecce, homo! The Last SupperGethsemaneThe carrying of the cross 17. The Paschal Mystery1. Passion and Crucifixion: The suffering of Christ prior to His Death.2. Death: The separation of Christs human soul from His body. By his death, Christ liberates us from sin (CCC 654).3. Descent into Hell: The Harrowing of Hell in which Christ descended into the realm of the dead to free the souls of the just and lead them to eternal life. (CCC 633) 18. The Paschal Mystery4. Resurrection: The reunification of Christs human soul with His body (which was now glorified). By his Resurrection, he opens for us the way to a new life. This new life is above all justification that reinstates us in Gods grace, so that as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life. (Rom 6:4; cf. 4:25) (CCC 654). 19. The Paschal Mystery 20. Exploring the Paschal Mystery 21. Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ Jesus violent death was not the result ofchance in an unfortunate coincidence ofcircumstances, but is part of the mystery ofGods plan. (CCC 599) 22. Passion and Death of OurLord Jesus Christ Jesus freely chose to die He had power to lay down His life and take it up again (Jn 10:18) We must be careful not to blame the individuals (Judas, the Sanhedrin, Pilate) for their personal sin which is known to God alone or the Jews collectively for the passion and Crucifixion. 23. Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ The Jews are not collectively responsible for Jesusdeath (CCC 597) The Church does not hesitate to impute toChristians the gravest responsibility for thetorments inflicted upon Jesus (CCC 589) 24. Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ Offered Himself to the Father Ultimate sacrifice to God (for the sins of thewhole world 1 Jn 2:2) From the first moment of his Incarnation theSon embraces the Fathers plan of divinesalvation in his redemptive mission (CCC 606) The death of Christ is the purpose of theIncarnation Acting out of love Jesus freely accepted hisPassion and death(CCC 609) 25. Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ Sacrifice: redeems man from sin Both the Paschal sacrifice that accomplishesthe definitive redemption of men, and thesacrifice of the New Covenant (CCC 613) Completes and surpasses all othersacrifices (CCC 614) Accomplished through obedience (opposed toAdams disobedience) Obedience unto death 26. Passion and Death of Our Lord Jesus Christ Buried 3 days to demonstrate truly dead (not rise right away) No corruption (3 days considered the time when corruption began) During Christs period in the tomb, his divineperson continued to assume both his soul andhis body, although they were separated fromeach other by death. For this reason the deadChrists body saw no corruption (Acts 13:37).(CCC630) 27. The Descent into Hell By the expression"He descended intohell", the ApostlesCreed confesses thatJesus did really dieand through his deathfor us conquereddeath and the devil"who has the power ofdeath" (Heb 2:14).(CCC 636) 28. The Descent into Hell In his human soulunited to his divineperson, the deadChrist went down tothe realm of the dead.He opened heavensgates for the just whohad gone before him.(CCC 637) 29. The Descent into Hell Opened the gates ofheaven: did notdeliver the damned orthe demons but freedthe just souls whocould not bereconciled with Goduntil Christ. (CCC 633) 30. The Resurrection (OpeningWay to Eternal Life) 31. The Resurrection The Church teaches that ChristsResurrection is an historical reality If Christ has not been raised, then our preachingis in vain and your faith is in vain (1 Cor 15:14) Empty Tomb: Not itself definitive proof of theResurrection (could be explained otherwise),but the first step toward recognizing the veryfact of the Resurrection (CCC 640) 32. Appearances of Risen Christ Mary Magdalene andholy women (Mk 16:1; Lk24:1; Jn 19:31, 42) Peter (1 Cor 15:5-8) The Twelve Over 500 brethrentogether James All the Apostles 33. ResurrectionFaith is born from their direct experience of the reality of the risen Jesus (CCC 644) Only in seeing Him, seeing Him speak,seeing Him eat, even touching Him do theybelieve 34. Condition of Christs Resurrected Body1. Not resuscitated (like Lazarus): just a return to ordinary earthly life, but glorified: he shares the divine life in his glorious state (CCC 646)2. Will not die again!3. Truly a body (touches Apostles and eats with them)4. The same body (marks of the Passion and Crucifixion)5. New properties (not limited by space and time) 35. Work of the Trinity The Resurrection is the Work of the Trinity Jesus is raised from the dead by the threedivine persons of the Trinity who acttogether as one, and manifest their ownproper characteristics. The Scripture mention the action of allthree persons of the Trinity. Cf. CCC 648 36. Work of the TrinityDetail: Holy Trinity with Mary Magdalene, St John the Baptist and Tobias and the Angel by Botticelli 37. The Paschal Mystery Accomplishesthe 4 Purposes of the Incarnation1. The Word became flesh for us in order to save us by reconciling us with God.2. Shows us Gods love.3. Models true human holiness4. Makes us partakers in the divine nature