Culture Vocab

  • View
    41

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Culture Vocab. Definition of Culture. A group of belief systems, norms and values practiced by a people Recognized in 1 of 2 ways People call themselves a culture Others can label a certain group of people as a culture. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript

  • Culture Vocab Debra Troxell, NBCT

  • Definition of CultureA group of belief systems, norms and values practiced by a peopleRecognized in 1 of 2 waysPeople call themselves a cultureOthers can label a certain group of people as a culture

  • Acculturation - cultural modification or change that results when one culture group adopts traits of a dominant society; cultural development or change through borrowing Assimilation the minority population reduces or loses completely its identifying cultural characteristics and blends into the host society

  • Material Culture -ArtifactsThe Built Environment the landscape createda human-made object which gives information about the culture of its creator and users The Contents of Houses & ShopsPhysical, Visible ThingsMusical Instruments, Furniture, Tools, Buildings

  • Nonmaterial CultureMentifacts & SociofactsOral Traditions, Folk Songs, Stories, PhilosophiesIncludes beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of peopleMentifacts represent the ideas and beliefs of a culture, for example religion, language or law Sociofacts represent the social structures of a culture, such as tribes or families.

  • Folk Culture

  • Folk CultureCultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, homogeneous, traditional communities

  • aka Local Culturegroup of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or community, who share experiences, customs, and traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others

  • How are local cultures sustained?

    Local culture sustained through customsSimon Harrison2 goals of local cultures: keep other cultures out; keep their culture inMust avoid cultural appropriation (the process by which other cultures adopt customs and knowledge and use them for their own benefit)Not just folk culture being preserved but also protected from becoming popular culture

  • Protecting Local CultureChoosing to live apart from mainstream societiesBy creating ethnic neighborhoods Hasidic Jews Rural Colonies/CommunitiesHutteritesAmishMay mean rallying around unique ideas or practicesParsi families Makah American Indians reinstated whale huntingLittle Sweden

  • Hasidic JewsEthnic Neighborhoods PiousDistinctive clothesSpeak YiddishDo not watch tv, but will listen to radioOther Urban Local Culture examplesItalian neighborhoods, Chinatowns, Mexican, Russian, Polish

  • HutteritesAnabaptist groups (Hutterites, Amish, & Mennonites) broke away from Catholics and Protestants during Reformation timesSince then have sought to protect their way of life By choosing rural locationsBeing selective in adopting technology

  • Hutteritesabsolute pacifism Live in rural, self-sufficient, communal coloniesForbid use tv, radio, usually only 1 telephone for the communityAvoid picturesColonies will specialize in products, such as feed, feeders, or dairy products

  • Protecting Local CultureChoosing to live apart from mainstream societiesBy creating ethnic neighborhoods Hasidic Jews Rural Colonies/CommunitiesHutteritesAmishMay mean rallying around unique ideas or practicesParsi families Makah American Indians reinstated whale huntingLittle Sweden

  • Parsi FamiliesZoroastriansMigrated to India from Iran around 700 900 ADPresent day financially successfulIn last 30 years, population has declined from 100,000 to 56,000Attributed to intermarriage is not allowedIntermarried women and their children includedParsi women, much like in developed countries, are well-educated professionals, marrying later and having fewer children.However, intermarriage ban attributed to preservation of culture/religion within a predominantly Hindu country

  • Makah American IndiansEarly culture included whale huntingWhale hunting in the 17th 19th century- increasingly commercial and detrimental to the whale population1946 International Whaling Commission instituted regulations1990s Makah American Indians, Washington reinstated whale hunting facing much protest1999 whale killed but not in traditional way with canoes and harpoons, but according to IWC regulations a .50 caliber rifle

  • Lindsborg, Kansas1869 - Originally founded by Swedish Lutherans1950s town decided to highlight heritage

  • Neolocalism seeking out regional culture and reinvigorating it (ex. Little Sweden in Kansas)

    Commodification of a culture can compromise authenticity becoming a stereotype examples?CherokeeBranson, MoGuinness and the Irish Pub Co.Hawaiian Luaus

  • HomeworkExamine the remaining slides and answer the included questions. You do not need to print the slides.

  • 1. Which statement about culture is true? Culture is the traditions and beliefs of a group of people. b. Cultures are dynamic and always changing. c. Culture is learned behavior that is passed from one generation to the next. d. Cultural traits are a reflection of a groups values. e. All of the above.

  • 2. The theory that the physical environment causes social and cultural development is called environmental ecology. B. cultural ecology. C. cultural determinism. D. environmental determinism. E. environmental landscape.

  • 3. How have hot dog stands across the country maintained diversity?Only limited areas have a custom of eating hot dogs.b. Hot dogs are really the worst part of the animal.c. The hot dog restaurant has not been standardized and mass marketed.d. Contrary to some opinion, hot dog service has been commercialized

  • 4. A group that migrates to another country intermarries with people from the new country, and within three generations, the group is indistinguishable from the dominant country. This process is best described as migration diffusionb. Acculturationc. transculturationd. assimilation

  • 5. What has most contributed to ethnocide, according to Wade Davis?hierarchical diffusionb. single storiesc. cultural dominanced. lingua franca

  • What is the influence of the Physical Environment on Culture?Customs are influenced by climate, soil and vegetation (Environmental Determinism)Particularly responsive to environment b/c low level of technology and agricultural economy2 necessities of life: food and shelterShows the influence of cultural values and the environment on the development of unique folk culture1. List 2 examples of how the environment affects food, clothing or shelter in a folk culture.

  • Distinctive Food PreferencesDerived from the environmentAdapt food preferences to environmental conditions (Pigs must be slaughtered when below freezing therefore few pigs in warmer climates)Role of terrior (effects of the environment on a particular food item)

  • Food attractions and TaboosPeople eat and dont eat certain things based on a response as to whether it is socially acceptable or notThe nutritional value is one of the determining factors in whether someone eats something or notSome things are eaten b/c they enhance some characteristic the culture deems important 2. What is a taboo food in the US? Justify why it is taboo.

  • Food and drinkLocal cuisine based on what is availableAlso is based on local customsEx. Geophagy eating dirt, common in Africa & southern United States, may counteract digestive issues, common among pregnant women3. Why is eating dirt common in the southern US but not other US areas?

  • Folk food regions Mexicoabundant use of chili peppers in cooking and maize for tortillasCaribbean areas combined rice-bean dishes and various rum drinksAmazonian region monkey and caimanBrazil cuscuz (cooked grain) and sugarcane brandyPampas style carne asada (roasted beef), wine and yerba mate (herbal tea)4. Does your family have favorite foods from your folk culture? What food and which culture?

  • Folk food regions Latin American foods derive from Amerindians, Africans, Spaniards, and PortuguesePattern of Latin American is not simple and culinary regions are not as homogeneous as the map we saw suggests5. Why do Latin American foods have African, Spaniard and Portuguese influences?

  • MusicAmerican folk music began as transplants of Old World songsNorthern songFeatured unaccompanied solo signing in clear hard tonesFeatured Fiddle or fife-and-drumSouthern, Backwoods, and Appalachian songFeatured unaccompanied high pitch and nasal solo singingMarked by moral and emotional conflictRoots of country musicWestern songFactual, narrative songsThemes of natural beauty, personal valor, and feminine puritySome songs reworked as lumberjack ballads6. What happens when you play a country music album backwards? See next slide

  • You get your dog back, your truck back, get your job back, you get out of jail, you get your wife back

    If you dont understand, we will explain in class.

  • 7. Bluegrass became popular culture during this time period. Why are there music festivals in the west but no bluegrass performers homes?

  • 2012Bluegrass bars, museums, etc.

  • Folklore regions Displays regional contrasts in much the same way as material folk cultureFolk geographers consider diverse nonmaterial phenomena as folktales, dance, music, myths, legends, and proverbsMost thoroughly studied in EuropeFirst research appeared early in the nineteenth centuryWe know more about vanished folk cultures than surviving onesExample of Switzerland

    8. Write a brief explanation about the folk lore story involving what happens when you lose your baby teeth?

  • Where did babies come from?9. Have you heard any of these explanations? Rank the folk lore expl