Curious #5

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Urios Magazine Volume 1 Issue 5 May/June 2016



    Liberated by the dark web. An article on HiddenWiki

    and its doors into the hidden world of the internet.

    Interview with Paul Duchaine: professor

    of military law of cyber security and cyber operations

    10 things you need to know about Anonymous


    The Modern Mafia

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    CONTENTS ...................................................

    Preface 5

    Liberated by the Dark Web 6

    Study Trip: Israel and Palestina 8

    Interview Paul Ducheine 12

    5 facts about Anonymous 14

    Report: PIMUN 16

    Symposium: Russia vs. The West 18

    Members Page 19

    The cover picture shows the phenomenon of Phish-ing. Phishing is a kind of social engineering attack in which criminals use spoofed emails to trick people into sharing sensitive information or installing malware on their computers. Victims perceive these emails as as-sociated with a trusted brand, while in reality they are the work of con artists. Rather than directly targeting the systems people use, phishing attacks target the people using those systems.1 An example of cyber crime, which is the central theme to this issue of Cu-rious. Forbes magazine calls cyber crime the Mod-ern-Day Mafia.2

    1 J. Hong, The State of Phishing Attacks, Communications of the ACM, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 7481, 2012.2 Tony Bradley, Cybercrime is the Modern-Day Mafia, Forbes Magazine, October 16, 2015.

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    ROOS BOSEditor-in-Chief

    Dear readers,

    Ten years ago you would go to a thrift store nearby, when you were interested in buying a cheap new stereo installation or you were in need of a new kitchen cabinet. When Internet made its debut on almost every computer in the world, a drive to a musty remote store was not necessary any more. With just one click of the mouse you can nowadays enter an enormous digital warehouse called Ebay, where you can sell and buy products and services. But which URL do you type in your browser if you are longing to buy an AK-47 or if youd like something more delicate like a pocket pistol?

    The answer is: Download a tor browser and enter the depths of the dark net.The upswing of anonymous untraceable Internet behaviour can give a voice to the voiceless, because this kind of Internet use, veils all physical appearances of inequal-ities and power relations. On the other hand, the Darknet also creates millions of ob-

    scure alleyways in which the most notorious criminals can disappear in the shadows.The Dutch police recently sounded the alarm bells about the lack of control over cyber criminals, and a new bill was submitted that would allow for more police powers in the area of online criminality. It seems that even the EU feels hounded by modern cyber criminals, since the European parliament recently approved new powers for Europol in

    their fight against electronic offences.

    Besides the use of modern technology by individuals on their criminal career paths, governments have also integrated the use of cyber strategies in several policy plans. Governments are interested in comprehending and influencing global social rela-tionships and because individuals nowadays interact on a different level than before, surveillance too has a new global and technological dimension. Having access to in-formation about people in a foreign jurisdiction gives a state influence. Reaching or retaining a strong position in international cyber surveillance, is beneficiary for secur-ing economy, territory and culture. This month the Pentagon revealed some of her concerns about Chinas cyber warfare capacities. Also in Europe we have been treated with screaming headlines about cyber warfare. Germanys intelligence service accused Russia of attacking the German parliament, NATO members and the French TV, with

    modern cyber undertakings.

    In this issue we discuss one of the most current ways of committing crimes, practicing politics, and fully exercising your right to privacy. When you finish reading the fifth issue

    of Curious youll know a lot more about the new vaguely defined area of cybercrime.

  • It is no secret anymore that nowadays we are able to make a full profile of a person, by analysing their online behaviour. Were leaving data all over the place. It makes the internet more accessible and more user-friendly, but it also makes you more vulnerable. Like the case of a 13-year old boy, getting arrested for making a joke about possessing a gun on twitter. Or people that are being watched closely, because of using the words bombing or terror-ists in their conversations on WhatsApp. Do we even dare to google how to make a bomb? without being afraid of the intelligence services crushing in?


    Yet, despite the fact that internet is mak-ing us less anonymous, we cant imagine a world without it. The internet feels like the universe; we cant make up our minds about where it starts and where it ends. But there is a black hole. There is a dark-er side of the internet. Internet where you cant get access to, using your regular Firefox browser. To get to the dark web, you have to dig deeper. And no, using in-cognito mode on Chrome is not enough.

    The Hiddenwiki holds the key to this se-cret part of the internet. Yes, it is the kind of Wikipedia where well known whis-tleblower Edward Snowden posted his

    findings. Places like HiddenWiki contain lists of dark sites. You can get to this place by using your regular browser, but you are not able to click on the links. In order to really get to the dark sites, you have to download the Tor browser, which is, sur-prisingly, legal. What Tor basically does, is sending your data to servers all over the world, so it is not traceable to your own computer. You might as well be surfing from Japan or somewhere in Guatamala. The URLs of these dark sites all end with .onion, since Tor is based on the principle of layering, like onions themselves. Within a few steps you can get access to this sin-ister place that is called the dark web.

    Liberated by the DARK WEB

    By Alina Chakh

  • By using special search engines, like DuckDuckGo, you can get to sites that are not indexable by the conventional search engines. These sites dont have common URLs, but contain numbers and letters, mixed together.

    On the dark web, you can find virtual mar-ketplaces, where you can buy anything. Were talking about Spotify accounts for two dollars, software, medicine and drugs, but you can even hire a hacker. If you want to hack someones Facebook account, just hire a hacker for 100 dollars. But it doesnt stop there. You can also buy weapons and complete US identities, with social secu-rity numbers, a new birthday and creden-tials. Hiring a hitman costs around 600 dollars. The payment goes through the Bitcoin system, which makes your trans-actions untraceable.

    This dark web is used by whistleblow-ers, journalists and special agents, and even by people in China, since many sites are censored by Chinese authorities. But more often, the dark web is used for ille-gal purposes and terrible things, like child pornography. Or hiring a hitman to assas-sinate someone. But none of above where in the original purpose of the creator of the very first dark marketplace, called Silk Road. Ross Ulbricht, a bright student from the metropolitan area in Austin, Texas, is now serving a life sentence without the possibility of parole. Ulbricht created Silk Road to evade law enforcement. It is even said so that he made possible statements about creating this illegal website on his Linkedin profile.

    Ulbricht began to grow hallucinogenic mushrooms and sell them on the internet almost a decade ago. He didnt see himself as a Mafioso or cybercriminal, but he was driven by libertarian thoughts. He declared his intention to build an economic simula-tion, and create an economic theory, as a means to abolish the use of coercion and aggression against mankind. He wanted to show to people what it would feel like to live in a world without the systemic use of force. The libertarian hope to create one day an entirely free market system. They also want to contribute to a drug-war free world. Since the drugs are being sold and shipped anonymously, drugdeal-ers wont be able to put up fights on the

    streets. People werent encouraged to buy drugs, but to do it in the safest way. On the Silk Road forums, there were discussions about philosophy, the free market system and restraining from the government of the United States. Dread Pirate Roberts was their preacher. They were develop-ing a world, a secret, hidden world, where law enforcement couldnt get access to. A place where you could call yourself safe.

    But, Ulbricht got caught and arrested. US law enforcement was spying on Silk Road, and one agent in particular, became close to DPR. DPR got threatened by one of the users of Silk Road, threatening that he would expose all the information he got on the moderators. DPR was alleged to hire a hitman to assassinate the traitor. And that is the moment that Ulbricht was caught. The problem with the dark web is, is that law enforcement can work in the dark as well. As said before, in the dark web, there are no rules and no legislation. Does that count for the law enforcement as well?

    The libertarian view didnt die with the prosecution of Ulbricht. Many more virtual marketplaces came up, and a war began between law enforcement and