CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED? ?· CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED? 21 September…

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  • CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED?

    21 September 2017

    Rob Clyde, CISM, NACD Board Leadership FellowManaging Director, Clyde Consulting LLCVice-Chair, ISACAExecutive Chair White Cloud SecurityExecutive Advisor to BullGuard and HyTrust

  • NEW MANUFACTURING COMPANIES AREREALLY SOFTWARE COMPANIES

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    Tesla is a software company as much as it is a hardware company." Elon Musk, Tesla CEO

  • OLD MANUFACTURING COMPANIES ARE SOFTWARE COMPANIES TOO?

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    "If you went to bed last night as an industrial company, you're going to wake up today as a software and analytics company,"Jeff Immelt, CEO General Electric

  • SOON EVERY BUSINESS WILL BE A DIGITAL BUSINESS

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    WITH SOFTWARE AT THE CORE

  • DIGITAL OUTAGES LIKE THOSE AT THE AIRLINES AND NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE ARE THE NEW NATURAL DISASTERS

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    British Airways computer glitch causes big delays at multiple airports

  • FTC Opens Probe into Equifax Data BreachApache Struts flaw was known to be critical and should have been addressed, security researchers say.The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has launched a formal investigation into the massive data breach of Equifax, which yesterday confirmed its failure to address a previously disclosed Apache Struts vulnerability that was exploited in the attack.Meanwhile, Equifax share prices continued to plummet this week - now 35% lower than before the breach - in an ominous sign of the breach's potential finanical devastation to the credit-monitoring firm.

    9/14/2017

    Equifax Reports Data Breach Possibly Affecting 143 Million U.S. Consumers

    Social Security numbers, birth dates, addresses and drivers license numbers exposed

    By AnnaMaria Andriotis and Ezequiel MinayaUpdated Sept. 8, 2017 9:48 a.m. ET

    CYBER ATTACKS HAVE MAJOR IMPACTS

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  • CONNECTED DEVICES ON PUBLIC INTERNET

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  • 10

  • USING THE INTERNET OF THINGS TO SPY?

    11 | 9/20/2017

    In the future, intelligence services might use the internet of things for identification, surveillance, monitoring, location tracking, and targeting for recruitment, says James Clapper, US director of national intelligence.

    Photograph: Alex Brandon/AP

  • MIGHT USE INTERNET TO SPY?

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    WASHINGTON WikiLeaks on Tuesday released thousands of documents that it said described sophisticated software tools used by the Central Intelligence Agency to break into smartphones, computers and even Internet-connected televisions.

    If the documents are authentic, as appeared likely at first review, the release would be the latest coup for the anti-secrecy organization and a serious blow to the C.I.A., which maintains its own hacking capabilities to be used for espionage.

    Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/07/world/europe/wikileaks-cia-hacking.html?_r=0

    The C.I.A. headquarters in Langley, Va. If the WikiLeaks documents are authentic, the release would be a serious blow to the C.I.A. CreditJason Reed/Reuters

    http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/w/wikileaks/index.html?inline=nyt-orghttps://wikileaks.org/ciav7p1/http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/c/central_intelligence_agency/index.html?inline=nyt-orghttps://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/07/world/europe/wikileaks-cia-hacking.html?_r=0

  • RANSOMWARE EXPLODINGRansomware is profitable PCs and MACs both attacked Encrypts data to deny access to data users Half of financially motivated malware is ransomware Average ransom: $300 2015, $1000 2016 70% of Enterprise victims paid 45% of Enterprise victims paid over $20K

    Defense: App white listing or trust lists (top defense US-CERT) Use OpenDNS and similar tools Backups; however, cloud backups and storage are

    also being attacked (airgap?)

    Ransomware be applied to IOT? Home lockout? Car lockout? Pacemaker function? Source: Verizon, Symantec, Lancope, IBM Security, Intel/McAfee

  • SAN FRANCISCO TRANSPORTATION HIT WITH RANSOMWARE

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    City lets people ride for free until fare machines restored to service

  • RANSOMWARE OPERATORS ADOPT TYPICAL BUSINESS PRACTICES

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    Technical Support Time Limited Offers Try Before You Buy

  • APP CONTROL RECOMMENDED AS #1 MITIGATION STRATEGY

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    Run only known trusted apps

    The Australian Government issued mandatory application whitelisting usage requirements to protect their high value systems

  • NEXT GENERATION WHITE LISTINGTRUSTED APP TECHNOLOGY

    Run only trusted apps or scripts

    Pull rather than push trust lists to ensure updates

    Handles application updates automatically

    Allow trust of applications, application families (e.g., Microsoft Office), or software publishers

    Crowdsourcingallow individuals and organizations to publish their own trusted app lists

    Allow organization to control which lists to use

    17 Source: White Cloud Security

    Experts you trust

    Apps you trust

    Software you trust

  • SOON EVERYTHING WILL BE CONNECTED

    19 https://schrier.wordpress.com/2015/05/25/the-internet-of-first-responder-things-iofrt/

  • LENOVO IOT VIDEO

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  • RISK FROM CONNECTED MEDICAL DEVICES

    J&J insulin pump (Animus OneTouch Ping)

    Unencrypted command traffic

    Might receive unauthorized insulin injections

    St. Jude pacemaker

    MedSec found many vulnerabilities, including wireless master key

    MuddyWaters shorted the stock

    Bad PR

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  • SMART TV SECURITY CONCERNS

    Microphone may always be on (for voice commands)

    Risk that attacker could turn on webcam

    Activity on Smart TV is tracked and may be shared with social media

    Like with smartphones, malicious apps could be downloaded

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    Smart TVs in the office: Consider not connecting to Internet; if you do, connect to a

    Guest network Take care as to which features and apps are enabled Turn off or disable microphone and webcam If possible, lockout others from changing TV settings

  • CLOUDPETS

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  • CLOUDPETS TEDDY BEAR HACKED

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    Hackers hold MILLIONS of voice recordings to ransom after creepy CloudPets teddy bears leak private data of parents and children Leak left private messages of families exposed online

    for several days Leak also exposed 800,000 account email addresses

    and passwords The company 'Spiral Toys' has chosen not to tell

    affected families Hackers have now taken the database down and

    demanded a ransom of $1190 in bitcoins from parents

    By Harry Pettit For MailonlinePublished: 15:34 GMT, 28 February 2017

    source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4267276/Toys-leak-2MILLION-voice-recordings-kids-online.html#ixzz4a4UEaNBp

    The exposed database was easy for cyber-criminals to find using a search engine called Shodan, which is designed to find unprotected websites and databases

    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/search.html?s=&authornamef=Harry+Pettit+For+Mailonlinehttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4267276/Toys-leak-2MILLION-voice-recordings-kids-online.html#ixzz4a4UEaNBp

  • VULNERABLE SMART THERMOSTAT RISKS

    . . .The HVAC system dormant hoursin other words when the climate control is off or in standbywould at the minimum be a security risk because it could give a potential robber times when the home may be empty.

    An expensive problem that could be created through a thermostat hack is that malicious damage could be launched by raising temperatures too high or low. Winter-time damage could include freezing, burst water pipes.

    Credit: Torbjrn Arvidso

  • CONNECTED CARS ARE AT RISK

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    As the researchers stated, the remote hacks likely work on all Tesla models, but on the parked Model S P85, the researchers remotely opened the sunroof, turned on the turn signal, and changed the position of the drivers seat.

  • SOON OUR CARS WILL AUTOMATICALLY DRIVE MOST US

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    Uber launches self-driving cars in Pittsburg

  • THERE IS A DARK SIDE

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  • INSECURE IOT DEVICES AND PRIVACY

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    All too often for other pieces of major industrial machinery, the controls are sitting there in plain sight or hidden behind the most rudimentary credentials. In 2012, simply attempting to log in as root or admin, with the password being the same again, was sufficient for another group of anonymous internet explorers to gain access to over 400,000 devices. With the rise of internet-connected devices since this study was conducted, that number is likely to be far higher.

  • SHODAN.IO WEBCAM BROWSER

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  • DEF CON: IOT VILLAGE

    Total of 113 vulnerabilities found in two DEF CON events

    50 different devices 39 brand name manufacturers

    75% of tested smart locks easily compromised (attacker can open)

    32Source: http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/iot-village-at-def-con-24-uncovers-extensive-security-flaws-in-connected-devices/d/d-id/1326928

    http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/iot-village-at-def-con-24-uncovers-extensive-security-flaws-in-connected-devices/d/d-id/1326928

  • MORE LOCKUPS

    To access on PC:1. click view > slide master2. click on the desired more

    lockup and copy (CTRL+C)

    3. exit out of the slide master view by clicking view >normal

    4. navigate to desired slide and paste in more lockup (CTRL+V)

    To access on Mac:1. click view > master >

    slide master2. click on the desired more

    lockup and copy (CMD+C)3. exit out of the slide master

    view by clicking view >norm