CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED? ?· CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED? 21 September…

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<ul><li><p>CYBER FUTURE: SECURITY AND PRIVACY DOOMED?</p><p>21 September 2017</p><p>Rob Clyde, CISM, NACD Board Leadership FellowManaging Director, Clyde Consulting LLCVice-Chair, ISACAExecutive Chair White Cloud SecurityExecutive Advisor to BullGuard and HyTrust</p></li><li><p>NEW MANUFACTURING COMPANIES AREREALLY SOFTWARE COMPANIES</p><p>3</p><p>Tesla is a software company as much as it is a hardware company." Elon Musk, Tesla CEO</p></li><li><p>OLD MANUFACTURING COMPANIES ARE SOFTWARE COMPANIES TOO?</p><p>4</p><p>"If you went to bed last night as an industrial company, you're going to wake up today as a software and analytics company,"Jeff Immelt, CEO General Electric</p></li><li><p>SOON EVERY BUSINESS WILL BE A DIGITAL BUSINESS</p><p>5</p><p>WITH SOFTWARE AT THE CORE</p></li><li><p>DIGITAL OUTAGES LIKE THOSE AT THE AIRLINES AND NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE ARE THE NEW NATURAL DISASTERS</p><p>6</p><p>British Airways computer glitch causes big delays at multiple airports</p></li><li><p>FTC Opens Probe into Equifax Data BreachApache Struts flaw was known to be critical and should have been addressed, security researchers say.The US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has launched a formal investigation into the massive data breach of Equifax, which yesterday confirmed its failure to address a previously disclosed Apache Struts vulnerability that was exploited in the attack.Meanwhile, Equifax share prices continued to plummet this week - now 35% lower than before the breach - in an ominous sign of the breach's potential finanical devastation to the credit-monitoring firm.</p><p>9/14/2017</p><p>Equifax Reports Data Breach Possibly Affecting 143 Million U.S. Consumers</p><p>Social Security numbers, birth dates, addresses and drivers license numbers exposed</p><p>By AnnaMaria Andriotis and Ezequiel MinayaUpdated Sept. 8, 2017 9:48 a.m. ET </p><p>CYBER ATTACKS HAVE MAJOR IMPACTS </p></li><li><p>8</p></li><li><p>CONNECTED DEVICES ON PUBLIC INTERNET</p><p>9</p></li><li><p>10</p></li><li><p>USING THE INTERNET OF THINGS TO SPY?</p><p>11 | 9/20/2017</p><p>In the future, intelligence services might use the internet of things for identification, surveillance, monitoring, location tracking, and targeting for recruitment, says James Clapper, US director of national intelligence. </p><p>Photograph: Alex Brandon/AP</p></li><li><p>MIGHT USE INTERNET TO SPY?</p><p>12</p><p>WASHINGTON WikiLeaks on Tuesday released thousands of documents that it said described sophisticated software tools used by the Central Intelligence Agency to break into smartphones, computers and even Internet-connected televisions.</p><p>If the documents are authentic, as appeared likely at first review, the release would be the latest coup for the anti-secrecy organization and a serious blow to the C.I.A., which maintains its own hacking capabilities to be used for espionage.</p><p>Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/07/world/europe/wikileaks-cia-hacking.html?_r=0</p><p>The C.I.A. headquarters in Langley, Va. If the WikiLeaks documents are authentic, the release would be a serious blow to the C.I.A. CreditJason Reed/Reuters</p><p>http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/w/wikileaks/index.html?inline=nyt-orghttps://wikileaks.org/ciav7p1/http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/c/central_intelligence_agency/index.html?inline=nyt-orghttps://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/07/world/europe/wikileaks-cia-hacking.html?_r=0</p></li><li><p>RANSOMWARE EXPLODINGRansomware is profitable PCs and MACs both attacked Encrypts data to deny access to data users Half of financially motivated malware is ransomware Average ransom: $300 2015, $1000 2016 70% of Enterprise victims paid 45% of Enterprise victims paid over $20K</p><p>Defense: App white listing or trust lists (top defense US-CERT) Use OpenDNS and similar tools Backups; however, cloud backups and storage are </p><p>also being attacked (airgap?)</p><p>Ransomware be applied to IOT? Home lockout? Car lockout? Pacemaker function? Source: Verizon, Symantec, Lancope, IBM Security, Intel/McAfee</p></li><li><p>SAN FRANCISCO TRANSPORTATION HIT WITH RANSOMWARE</p><p>14</p><p>City lets people ride for free until fare machines restored to service</p></li><li><p>RANSOMWARE OPERATORS ADOPT TYPICAL BUSINESS PRACTICES</p><p>15</p><p>Technical Support Time Limited Offers Try Before You Buy</p></li><li><p>APP CONTROL RECOMMENDED AS #1 MITIGATION STRATEGY</p><p>16</p><p>Run only known trusted apps</p><p>The Australian Government issued mandatory application whitelisting usage requirements to protect their high value systems</p></li><li><p>NEXT GENERATION WHITE LISTINGTRUSTED APP TECHNOLOGY</p><p>Run only trusted apps or scripts</p><p> Pull rather than push trust lists to ensure updates</p><p> Handles application updates automatically</p><p> Allow trust of applications, application families (e.g., Microsoft Office), or software publishers</p><p> Crowdsourcingallow individuals and organizations to publish their own trusted app lists</p><p> Allow organization to control which lists to use</p><p>17 Source: White Cloud Security</p><p>Experts you trust</p><p>Apps you trust</p><p>Software you trust</p></li><li><p>SOON EVERYTHING WILL BE CONNECTED</p><p>19 https://schrier.wordpress.com/2015/05/25/the-internet-of-first-responder-things-iofrt/</p></li><li><p>LENOVO IOT VIDEO</p><p>20</p></li><li><p>RISK FROM CONNECTED MEDICAL DEVICES</p><p>J&amp;J insulin pump (Animus OneTouch Ping)</p><p> Unencrypted command traffic</p><p> Might receive unauthorized insulin injections</p><p>St. Jude pacemaker</p><p> MedSec found many vulnerabilities, including wireless master key</p><p> MuddyWaters shorted the stock</p><p> Bad PR</p><p>21</p></li><li><p>SMART TV SECURITY CONCERNS</p><p> Microphone may always be on (for voice commands)</p><p> Risk that attacker could turn on webcam</p><p> Activity on Smart TV is tracked and may be shared with social media</p><p> Like with smartphones, malicious apps could be downloaded</p><p>22</p><p>Smart TVs in the office: Consider not connecting to Internet; if you do, connect to a </p><p>Guest network Take care as to which features and apps are enabled Turn off or disable microphone and webcam If possible, lockout others from changing TV settings</p></li><li><p>CLOUDPETS</p><p>23</p></li><li><p>CLOUDPETS TEDDY BEAR HACKED</p><p>24</p><p>Hackers hold MILLIONS of voice recordings to ransom after creepy CloudPets teddy bears leak private data of parents and children Leak left private messages of families exposed online </p><p>for several days Leak also exposed 800,000 account email addresses </p><p>and passwords The company 'Spiral Toys' has chosen not to tell </p><p>affected families Hackers have now taken the database down and </p><p>demanded a ransom of $1190 in bitcoins from parents</p><p>By Harry Pettit For MailonlinePublished: 15:34 GMT, 28 February 2017 </p><p>source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4267276/Toys-leak-2MILLION-voice-recordings-kids-online.html#ixzz4a4UEaNBp</p><p>The exposed database was easy for cyber-criminals to find using a search engine called Shodan, which is designed to find unprotected websites and databases</p><p>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/search.html?s=&amp;authornamef=Harry+Pettit+For+Mailonlinehttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4267276/Toys-leak-2MILLION-voice-recordings-kids-online.html#ixzz4a4UEaNBp</p></li><li><p>VULNERABLE SMART THERMOSTAT RISKS</p><p>. . .The HVAC system dormant hoursin other words when the climate control is off or in standbywould at the minimum be a security risk because it could give a potential robber times when the home may be empty.</p><p>An expensive problem that could be created through a thermostat hack is that malicious damage could be launched by raising temperatures too high or low. Winter-time damage could include freezing, burst water pipes.</p><p>Credit: Torbjrn Arvidso</p></li><li><p>CONNECTED CARS ARE AT RISK</p><p>27</p><p>As the researchers stated, the remote hacks likely work on all Tesla models, but on the parked Model S P85, the researchers remotely opened the sunroof, turned on the turn signal, and changed the position of the drivers seat.</p></li><li><p>SOON OUR CARS WILL AUTOMATICALLY DRIVE MOST US</p><p>28</p><p>Uber launches self-driving cars in Pittsburg</p></li><li><p>THERE IS A DARK SIDE</p><p>29</p></li><li><p>INSECURE IOT DEVICES AND PRIVACY</p><p>30</p><p>All too often for other pieces of major industrial machinery, the controls are sitting there in plain sight or hidden behind the most rudimentary credentials. In 2012, simply attempting to log in as root or admin, with the password being the same again, was sufficient for another group of anonymous internet explorers to gain access to over 400,000 devices. With the rise of internet-connected devices since this study was conducted, that number is likely to be far higher.</p></li><li><p>SHODAN.IO WEBCAM BROWSER</p><p>31</p></li><li><p>DEF CON: IOT VILLAGE</p><p>Total of 113 vulnerabilities found in two DEF CON events</p><p> 50 different devices 39 brand name manufacturers</p><p>75% of tested smart locks easily compromised (attacker can open)</p><p>32Source: http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/iot-village-at-def-con-24-uncovers-extensive-security-flaws-in-connected-devices/d/d-id/1326928</p><p>http://www.darkreading.com/attacks-breaches/iot-village-at-def-con-24-uncovers-extensive-security-flaws-in-connected-devices/d/d-id/1326928</p></li><li><p>MORE LOCKUPS</p><p>To access on PC:1. click view &gt; slide master2. click on the desired more </p><p>lockup and copy (CTRL+C)</p><p>3. exit out of the slide master view by clicking view &gt;normal</p><p>4. navigate to desired slide and paste in more lockup (CTRL+V)</p><p>To access on Mac:1. click view &gt; master &gt; </p><p>slide master2. click on the desired more </p><p>lockup and copy (CMD+C)3. exit out of the slide master </p><p>view by clicking view &gt;normal</p><p>4. navigate to desired slide and paste in more lockup (CMD+V)</p><p>100,000+Unique Scans </p><p>Per week</p><p>5%Of Scans Have Vulnerabilitie</p><p>s</p><p>iotscanner.bullguard.com</p></li><li><p>INTERNET OF THINGS THE END OF PRIVACY?</p><p>34 | 9/20/2017</p><p>Introducing more private information about ourselves</p><p>Traditional Personally Identifying Information</p><p>New IoT Personal DataWhat? Where? When? Why?</p><p>Date of Birth</p><p>SSN/Govt. ID Number</p><p>Credit Card Number</p><p>Name</p><p>Address</p><p>Glucose level</p><p>Weight</p><p>Calories</p><p>GPS location</p><p>Heart rate</p><p>Sleep</p><p>Mood</p><p>Surrounding images</p><p>Driving habits</p><p>Blood pressure</p><p>Travel routeUsername Exercise route</p></li><li><p>END OF PRIVACY?</p><p>35</p><p>Source: ISACA 2014 Risk Reward Barometer</p><p>The New Yorker 1993 The New Yorker 2015On the Internet, nobody knows youre a dog.</p><p>http://nyr.kr/1FSLIEY</p></li><li><p>IOT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ORGANIZATIONS</p><p> Safely embrace Internet of Things devices in the workplace to keep competitive advantage</p><p> Require wireless IoT devices be connected through the workplace guest network or other isolated segment, rather than internal network</p><p> Ensure all workplace devices owned by organization are updated quickly when security upgrades are released</p><p> Scan networks for IoT devices; monitor for and block dangerous traffic to or from IoT devices</p><p> Ensure default passwords are changed and strong</p><p> Provide cybersecurity training for all employees to demonstrate their awareness of best practices of cybersecurity and the different types of cyberattacks</p><p> Ensure that IT and security professionals are ISACA certified36</p><p>56% of tested devices using OpenSSL had not been updated in </p><p>over 50 months- 2015 Cisco Annual Security Report</p></li><li><p>AUGMENTED REALITY DISRUPTING THE WAY WE SEE THE WORLD</p><p>37</p><p>Opening up new ways of attracting customers and doing business</p></li><li><p>38</p></li><li><p>BUT THERE IS A DARK SIDE TO AUGMENTED REALITY</p><p>39</p><p> Distracted walking and driving Associates social media information with location Shows posted, geotagged racy images and video Criminals use augmented reality to lure victims to location Gangs and terror groups virtually mark territory and targets</p><p>Mobile apps like Layar, Wikitude World Browser, etc. showaugmented reality view using camera and geotags. Risks:</p></li><li><p>AUGMENTED REALITY OPPORTUNITY AND CHALLENGES</p><p>40 Source: ISACA Risk Reward Barometer Nov. 2016</p></li><li><p>HYPER REALITY OPPORTUNITY AND DANGER</p><p>41</p></li><li><p>Cloud enables the digital business</p></li><li><p>CLOUD ALL YOU NEED IS AN IDEA AND A CREDIT CARD</p><p>One thing to play with it</p><p>Another thing to depend on it</p><p>Reintroduce control</p><p>without reintroducing friction</p><p>43</p></li><li><p>WHAT LIMITS CLOUD ADOPTION?</p><p>What factors are limiting your adoption of virtual/private, community and public clouds today? Encryption helps, but key management is critical Regulatory, sensitivity and privacy issues may require that </p><p>some data is restricted to certain physical locations Restrict sensitive workloads (e.g., PCI) to trusted hardware and software </p><p>server stack Only allow certain workloads to run on hardware in approved physical location Only allow certain workload data to be decrypted in approved physical location Cloud solutions require a combination of capabilities to achieve "defense in </p><p>depth" and compliance readiness</p><p>44</p></li><li><p>Key Elements</p><p>THE WORKLOAD: Workload</p><p>Infrastructure</p><p>Management</p><p>Data</p><p> Key Management Encryption Admin rights</p><p>Management </p><p> Role-based access control</p><p> Secondary Approval Multi-factor </p><p>authentication</p><p>Policy</p><p> Automation for workload policy</p><p> Any cloud abstraction Workload and asset </p><p>tagging</p><p>Infrastructure</p><p> Boundary-based policy</p><p> Tag policy Hypervisor hardening</p><p>Data</p><p>The New Atomic Unit of ITCOMPUTE | NETWORK | STORAGE</p><p>Source: HyTrust</p><p>WORKLOAD: THE ATOMIC UNIT OF IT</p></li><li><p>WORKLOAD SECURITY USE CASES</p><p>Eliminate privileged account misuse</p><p>Halt data breaches on clouds</p><p>Address audit and compliance issues</p><p>Remove costly infrastructure air gaps</p><p>Meet data residency requirements</p><p>Stop accidental downtime</p><p>Source: HyTrust</p></li><li><p>CONSIDER ADDING SECONDARY APPROVAL CONTROLS</p><p>AdministratorSecondary Approval Administrators</p><p>Hypervisor or Cloud Control</p><p>Add-onVirtual Infrastructure </p><p>Does not need secondary approval</p><p>NOTAPPROVED</p><p>Source: HyTrust</p></li><li><p>BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS APPLICATIONS</p><p>48</p><p>Curing Cancer</p><p>Reducing Energy Costs</p><p>Predicting WeatherPredicting Consumer behavior</p><p>Build Better Cars</p><p>Security Intelligenceand Fraud Detetction</p><p>100 zettabytes by 2025!</p><p>http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&amp;rct=j&amp;q=&amp;esrc=s&amp;source=images&amp;cd=&amp;cad=rja&amp;uact=8&amp;ved=0CAcQjRw&amp;url=http://www.sonoma.edu/uaffairs/socialmedia/&amp;ei=RDTaVLjEDcSzogTH1oL4Bg&amp;bvm=bv.85464276,d.cGU&amp;psig=AFQjCNHermo4o8VLOsS2t2xEMOzvuHL33A&amp;ust=1423672768857054http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&amp;rct=j&amp;q=&amp;esrc=s&amp;source=images&amp;cd=&amp;cad=rja&amp;uact=8&amp;ved=0CAcQjRw&amp;url=http://www.motortrend.com/oftheyear/car/1301_2013_motor_trend_car_of_the_year_tesla_model_s/&amp;ei=QO1fVf3rMYX3oASGn4CgAw&amp;bvm=bv.93990622,d.cGU&amp;psig=AFQjCNHpK8AgKU42jXt3yg6ob12w_m_zCg&amp;ust=1432436398116660</p></li><li><p>BIG DATA PRIVACY CONCERNS</p><p>De-Identifed Information Can Be Re-Identified: data collectors claim that the aggregated information has been de-identified, however, it is possible to re-associate anonymous data with specific individuals, especially since so much information is linked with smartphones</p><p>Possible Deduction of Personally Identifiable Information: non-personal data could be used to make predictions of a sensitive nature, like health condition, financial status, etc.</p><p>Data Sovereignty Issues: Many countries or regions (like the EU), may have requirements that certain personal data and the processing of that data remain in the country or region</p><p>Right to be forgotten: Some areas like the EU have a right to be forgotten that may be challenging to implement in a Big Data environment.</p><p>http://www.ftc.gov/public-statements/2012/03/big-data-big-issues</p></li><li><p>USING BIG DATA TO PREDICT CRIME</p><p>50 | 9/20/2017</p><p>Source: NetworkWorld, Sep 20, 2014 </p><p>Crime Hot Spots in London</p><p>Soldiers' suicide risk predictable with Big Data, study says, Patricia Kime, Nov. 12, 2014</p><p>What about predicting crime by particular individuals? Will we have predictive </p><p>capabilities like those in the movie Minority Report, but through Big Data?</p></li><li><p>51</p></li><li><p>DARPA CYBER GRAND CHALLENGE AT DEFCON 2016</p><p> 7 teams compe...</p></li></ul>