Death & Ghusl of a Muslim Woman HANAFI 6. In the last moments, Surah Yaseen and Surah Ra’d should

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  • Death & Ghusl of a Muslim Woman

    HANAFI

  • WASIYYAT OF THE MAYYIT

    • Please give a quick but proper ghusl immediately • Put me in a room without pictures and feet facing the Qiblah • Do not allow any ghair mahrams to see my face • Do not scream, wail or cry loudly • Do not delay my Janaazah • Please don’t perform any 3 days, 10 days or 40 days khatams and also

    don’t make Thursday readings compulsory. Rather read on behalf of all

    marhooms daily • Do not gather at my house to have parties with cakes and savouries,

    then judge whose are nicest, because I won’t be there to give any

    comment • When reading the Quraan, please ensure that you have wudhu and

    that your hair and body is covered • Don’t feel obligated to read long surahs, rather read the kalimah or

    durood sincerely on my behalf. Remember that if you read surah

    Ikhlaas three times, I will receive the sawaab of reading one Quraan • If I have offended you in any way when I was alive, then please forgive

    me. • Please do not beautify my grave with flowers, instead give the money

    to the poor • Remember, yesterday I was in your place, tomorrow you will be in

    mine

  • SAKARAAT The State Preceding Death

    Sakaraah is the dizziness and unconsciousness that is caused by pain. A person in the state of sakarah is going through stages of unconsciousness and dizziness caused by pain. Allah says: “And the stupor of death will come in truth. This is what you have been avoiding.” Death is true, and it will arrive even though you try to avoid it. It will happen to everyone. It happened to Nabi SAW. Nabi SAW had a pot of water. He would dip his hands in the water and then he would wipe his face and say “La ilaaha illallah. There is agony/stupor of death.” Even Nabi SAW felt it.

    THE MUHTADHAR A Muhtadhar is a person on whom the signs of death are clearly visible. Some of the signs are:

    1. The legs become lame, slack or limp

    2. Breathing becomes labored, quick and erratic

    3. The nose bends slightly

    4. The temples sag

    5. The feet get cold

    6. Gurgling sound in the throat

    DO NOT SPEAK ILL OF THE MAYYIT

    Speak no ill of her. Umme Salmah RA reports that Rasoolullah SAW said that when visiting the sick or (attending the Janazah of a) deceased, speak well (of him/her) for surely, the angels say Aameen upon what you say. (Tirmithee)

    WHAT SHOULD BE DONE FOR A MUHTADHAR?

    Death is something that everyone has to face. It is Sunnat-e-Mu'akkadah to remember death at all times. A Muslim must always be prepared for death. Death can come at any time. When it is established that a person is in the last stages of his life, the following should be done:

  • 1. Preferably make her lie on her right side facing the Qiblah. It is also permissible to lay her on her back with her feet toward Qiblah and the head slightly raised so that she is facing Qiblah. The reason for facing the Qibla is that the chances of Shaytaan distracting her are reduced. However, if moving her causes discomfort then leave her in any comfortable position.

    2. All the bed linen should be taahir/paak (free from impurities)

    3. Those who are in a state of Janaabat, haidh or nifaas should leave the room

    4. Make sure there are no moorats (eyes) in the room and if there are remove them. When the moorats are open tha malaaika flee and the bad jinn enter the room

    5. Ask naa-mehram men to leave the room no matter how close they may be to the muhtadhar

    6. In the last moments, Surah Yaseen and Surah Ra’d should be read as it eases the suffering of the dying person. This could be done at the head side of the muhtadhar or anywhere else in the same room.

    7. The Kalima "Laa ilaaha ilal laa" should be recited near the person continuously. 
 It should be read in front of her, but she should not be commanded to recite the Kalima.

    TALQEEN Talqeen is to remind and encourage the dying person to recite the kalimah. The right manner of doing talqeen is to recite the kalimah aloud so that the muhtadhar is

  • induced to recite it. Do not instruct her to recite it lest she refuses to do so because of the difficulties experienced by her.

    Once the muhtadhar recites the kalimah all those present should stop reading it. The object is that the last statement uttered should be the kalimah. Should she indulge in any worldly talks after saying the kalimah, the talqeen should be repeated.

    If the muhtadhar is a minor (Na Baaligh), and able to distinguish between right and wrong, then too, Kalima should be recited before her. 
 
 A person who is ill or who is dying should always be given hope that Almighty Allah is Most Merciful and Forgiving. They should be reminded to have faith in Almighty Allah at all times and that His infinite mercy will pardon all sins. 
 If a person shows despair or is not confident about the Mercy of Allah, then it is compulsory to give that person hope.

    When the muhtadhar begins to gasp very rapidly, indicating the final moments of life, recite the kalima audibly.

    WHAT SHOULD BE DONE WHEN A PERSON PASSES AWAY? Inna Lillahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Raje’oon

    1. Close the eyes gently

    2. Close the mouth fastening a clean piece of material around the chin and over the head so that the mouth is not left gaping open

    3. Tie both feet together with a similar piece of cloth

  • 4. Straighten the arms and legs

    5. Cover the body with a clean sheet

    6. It is Mustahab to burn lobaan or incense near the deceased

    7. Prepare the Ghusl and Kafan without delay

    Ask a family member or friend to: 1. Notify relatives and friends of her death

    2. If possible, write on masjid boards

    3. If the time and place of Janaazah salaah is fixed, inform the public

    4. Prepare a Qabr

    5. Arrange transport if the cemetery is far

    LEGAL FORMALITIES FOR SOUTH AFRICAN CITIZENS

    1. Identity Document of the deceased

    2. Marriage Certificate (if married according to the shariat)

    3. Death certificate obtainable from your family or any doctor

    4. Burial Order obtainable from the local burial society

    5. The law requires the left thumb print on the death certificate, do this before ghusl

    WHO SHOULD PERFORM GHUSL? • An adult woman must be bathed by her mother, daughter or sisters

    • In the absence of these any relative or pious person may carry out this duty

    • All persons giving ghusl must be paak and with wudhu

  • • The person giving ghusl needs about six helpers. It is preferable not to have a

    large audience, remember you like to bath in private

    • Work with your hands, not your eyes and mouth, remember she is someone’s

    mother, sister or daughter, respect the family in their time of sorrow

    • Ensure that no part of the body (satr) is exposed during ghusl

    • During ghusl if anything strange or undesirable is noticed, it should never be

    disclosed. However if the deceased was blatantly violating the laws of Shariah

    during her lifetime, and some hideous thing was observed during ghusl, then it

    should be mentioned to serve as a warning to others

    REQUIREMENTS FOR GHUSL 1. 3 x 20litre buckets with warm water (body temperature)

    2. 3 large jugs

    3. 2 large towels or bath sheets

    4. 1 roll cottonwool, 1 bar sunlight soap dissolved in a dish of water

    5. Scissors for removing clothes

    6. Camphor blocks

    7. Lobaan granules or agarbathee

    8. Dark colored sheet which will not become see-through when wet

    9. Surgical gloves

    10.Plasters

    HOW TO PERFORM GHUSL

    All of this is based on authentic Hadith that Um Atiyah narrated that: " When the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) died, he instructed us:  Wash her three times, or more than that if you feel it is necessary, with water and sidr (good

  • smelling leaves), and then after the last wash apply some camphor to the body, then loosen her hair, wash it, comb it, and make it in three braids laid behind her back " (Bukhari & Muslim)

    1. Wash the basin (ghusl table) on which the Ghusl is to be given. Then fumigate it with lobaan thrice, five times or seven times

    2. During the ghusl it is permissible to place the body in any one of the following positions:

    a) The mayyits leg stretched in the direction of the Qiblah

    b) Making its face turn towards the qiblah by letting the body lie on its right side. However, it is preferable to make the body face the qiblah (as in the first case) because Nabi SAW declared the Ka’bah to be the qiblah for the living and the dead.

    3. Do not cut, trim or comb the hair of the mayyit. Do not clip their nails.

    4. Remove all jewellery, false teeth, hair accessories and wigs etc that have not already been removed

    5. If the deceased has staples, stitches or implants that are difficult to remove then do not attempt to do so

  • 6. Place the body on the basin. Ensure that the satr is covered. Use a dark sheet or towel for this purpose. The female’s satr is the whole body except the face, palms and feet. Working under the sheet, cut the clothes alongside seams and remove very gently. The clothing must be returned to the family.

    7. Niyyat for ghusl: “Nawaytu an agtha sila al