deep borehole field test: characterization borehole science objectives

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  • Deep Borehole Field Test: Characterization Borehole Science Objectives

    Prepared for

    US Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Campaign

    Kristopher L. Kuhlman, Patrick V. Brady,

    Robert J. Mackinnon, W. Payton Gardner, Jason E. Heath, Courtney G. Herrick,

    Richard P. Jensen, Teklu Hadgu & S. David Sevougian

    Sandia National Laboratories

    Jens Birkholzer, Barry M. Freifeld & Tom Daley Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    June 4, 2015

    FCRD-UFD-2015-000131

    SAND2015-4424R

  • Revision History Document Number/Revision Date Description

    FCRD-UFD-2015-000131 Rev. 0 June 4, 2015 Reviewed for unclassified unlimited release, e.g., for use in procuring support services

    Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energys National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

    DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the U.S. Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the U.S. Government or any agency thereof.

  • Deep Borehole Field Test: Characterization Borehole Science Objectives June 2015 iii

    CONTENTS

    CONTENTS ................................................................................................................................................. iii

    1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 DBFT in Relation to DBD Concept ......................................................................................... 2 1.2 DBD Concept Characterization Objectives ............................................................................. 2 1.3 DBFT CB Science Objectives .................................................................................................. 4 1.4 DBFT Characterization Targets and Testing Activities ........................................................... 5

    1.4.1 Crystalline basement faults and fractures ................................................................... 5 1.4.2 Geology and stratigraphy ............................................................................................ 6 1.4.3 Physical, chemical and transport parameters .............................................................. 7 1.4.4 Fluid chemistry ........................................................................................................... 8 1.4.5 Geomechanical parameters ......................................................................................... 9

    1.5 Environmental Tracer Testing................................................................................................ 12 1.5.1 Noble gases ............................................................................................................... 12 1.5.2 Stable water isotopes ................................................................................................. 13 1.5.3 Atmospherically derived radioisotope tracers ........................................................... 13 1.5.4 Uranium decay series ................................................................................................ 13 1.5.5 Strontium isotopic ratios ........................................................................................... 14

    1.6 Borehole Design ..................................................................................................................... 14 1.6.1 Proposed Casing Schedule ........................................................................................ 14

    1.7 Previous Deep Characterization Efforts in Crystalline Rock ................................................. 17

    2. DRILLING CHARACTERIZATION ............................................................................................. 18 2.1 Drilling Parameters Logging .................................................................................................. 18 2.2 Drilling Fluid Logging at Surface .......................................................................................... 18

    2.2.1 Logging drilling fluid physical properties ................................................................. 18 2.2.2 Logging drilling fluid chemical properties ............................................................... 19 2.2.3 Logging dissolved drilling fluid gases ...................................................................... 19 2.2.4 Logging and tracing makeup water ........................................................................... 19

    2.3 Downhole Monitoring ............................................................................................................ 19

    3. DOWNHOLE SAMPLING AND TESTING DURING DRILLING ........................................... 21 3.1 Intermittent Coring ................................................................................................................. 21

    3.1.1 Pressurized coring ..................................................................................................... 22 3.1.2 Core handling ............................................................................................................ 23 3.1.3 Planned laboratory core testing ................................................................................. 24

    3.2 Drill-Stem Testing .................................................................................................................. 24 3.2.1 Drill-stem shut-in testing .......................................................................................... 25 3.2.2 Drill-stem slug testing ............................................................................................... 25 3.2.3 Drill-stem sampling................................................................................................... 26

    3.3 Hydraulic Fracturing Stress Measurement ............................................................................. 26

    4. BOREHOLE GEOPHYSICS ........................................................................................................ 27 4.1 Spectral Gamma-Ray ............................................................................................................. 28 4.2 Resistivity............................................................................................................................... 29

  • Deep Borehole Field Test: Characterization Borehole Science Objectives iv June 2015

    4.3 Spontaneous Potential ............................................................................................................ 29 4.4 Induced Polarization .............................................................................................................. 29 4.5 Neutron Porosity .................................................................................................................... 29 4.6 Density Log ............................................................................................................................ 30 4.7 Sonic Logging ........................................................................................................................ 30 4.8 Borehole Imaging ................................................................................................................... 30

    4.8.1 Formation micro-resistivity imaging......................................................................... 30 4.8.2 Borehole televiewer .................................................................................................. 30 4.8.3 Borehole caliper ........................................................................................................ 31

    4.9 Borehole Gravity .................................................................................................................... 31 4.10 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ................................................................................................. 31 4.11 Dipole Shear-Wave Velocity ................................................................................................. 31 4.12 Vertical Seismic Profiling ...................................................................................................... 32 4.13 High-Resolution Temperature ................................................................................................ 32 4.14 Fluid Density or Downhole Pressure ..................................................................................... 32 4.15 Production Profile .................................................................................................................. 32

    5. BOREHOLE PACKER TESTING ............................................................................................... 34 5.1 Zonal Isolation ....................................................................................................................... 34 5.2 Packer Pulse Testing ..............

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