DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIUSE TROLLEY KHAIRUL umpir.ump.edu.my/id/eprint/355/1/KHAIRUL_AZRI_BIN_NGADIMEN_

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    DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIUSE TROLLEY

    KHAIRUL AZRI BIN NGADIMEN

    A report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the

    Diploma of Mechanical Engineering

    Faculty of Mechanical Engineering UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

    NOVEMBER 2008

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    SUPERVISOR’S DECLARATION

    We hereby declare that we have checked this project and in our opinion this project is

    satisfactory in terms of scope and quality for the award of Diploma in Mechanical

    Engineering

    Signature

    Name of Supervisor: IDRIS BIN MAT SAHAT

    Position: TUTOR

    Date:

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    STUDENT’S DECLARATION

    I hereby declare that the work in this thesis is my own except for quotations and

    summaries which have been duly acknowledged. The thesis has not been accepted for

    any degree and is not concurrently submitted for award of other degree.

    Signature

    Name: KHAIRUL AZRI BIN NGADIMEN

    ID Number: MB06034

    Date:

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    DEDICATION

    First of all, I would like to show my expression of gratitude to Allah s.w.t whose

    guidance, help and grace was instrumental in making this humble work a reality. I would

    like to express my gratitude to my supervisor Mr Idris Bin Mat Sahat and to the entire

    lecturer without whose wise suggestions, helpful guidance and direct assistance, it could

    have neither got off the ground nor ever been complete.

    I would also like to thank my beloved parents, Ngadimen Bin Arshad and Rosenah

    Binti Atan and family, without them, my pursuit of higher education would not have

    been possible and I would not have had the change to study for a mechanical course.

    Thanks a lot to my university and friends in their support and advice towards this

    project. Thanks to all for your enduring patience and continuous encouragement.

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    I would like to express my gratitude and appreciation to all those who gave me

    the possibility to complete this report. Special thanks is due to my supervisor, Mr. Idris

    Bin Mat Sahat whose help, stimulating suggestions and encouragement helped me in all

    time of fabrication process and in writing this report. I am very grateful to him for his

    patience and his constructive comments that enriched this project.

    I would also like to acknowledge with much appreciation the crucial role of the

    staff in Mechanical Laboratory, who gave me a permission to use the laboratory

    equipment and also the machine and giving a permission to use all the necessary tools in

    the laboratory.

    Special thanks too go to Mr. Zamri Bin Ahmad, as the Final Year Coordinator,

    who has helping a lot and give some advice and share his knowledge on how to

    complete this task in the right way.

    I also want to thank to all my friends for their support and help to complete the

    task and for sharing their knowledge on how to solve the problems. Finally, I thank my

    family for their continuous support and confidence in my efforts.

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    ABSTRACT

    Trolley is the main transport for human to carry load. Every trolley has different

    use and specific use. (It’s limited to do other job than the specification). There are some

    common problem can be detect at the trolleys nowadays such as don’t have stopper,

    load easy to fall (slips surface), heavyweight, only suitable for flat surface road, need

    many wheels, hard to cornering, not suitable for small area, cannot load many things,

    unstable for heavy duty work, high force needed to push or pull the trolley, hard to

    manufacturer and expensive material. To reduce this problem, one new trolley will be

    development that have multi function and has not limited to do another task or job.

    Nowadays, people use trolley to carry heavy load. There are many type of

    trolley in the market like industrial trolley, drum truck trolley and platform truck trolley.

    Many trolleys has been developed with a specific task or job like shopping trolley which

    can be use only for shopping, bagged trolley is only to carry bags, and transporting tray

    trolley only to carry trays. In the fabrication, there are many process involve to develop

    the product such as drilling, grinding, joining, measuring, gathering material, cutting

    material, and finishing process.

    This project is about design and fabricates a new product of trolley that has

    multi function. The trolley maximum loads must 200kg, multi use and easy assemble. Its

    also must reduce the disadvantages of the trolley in the current market like have

    stopper, adjustable and easy manufacturer.

    As the conclusion, this project had achieves its entire objective successfully. This

    project was done around thirteen week included almost all steps of the report such as

    literature review, design, fabrication process and others.

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    ABSTRAK

    Troli ialah pengangkutan tambahan bagi manusia membawa barang. Setiap troli

    ada kegunaan yang tersendiri. Terdapat pelbagai masalah biasa yang boleh didapati pada

    troli seperti tidak mempunyai penahan, beban mudah terjatuh, berat, hanya sesuai untuk

    jalan yang rata, perlukan banyak tayar, susah untuk membelok, tidak sesuau untuk

    kawasan sempit, tidak stabil untuk kerja berat, tidak boleh membawa banyak barang,

    perlukan banyak tenaga untuk menolak barang, susah untuk dihasilkan dan bahan

    mentah yang mahal. Untuk mengurangkan masalah ini, satu produk baru akan dihasilkan

    dan ia mempunyai pelbagai fungsi serta tidak terhad kepada satu kegunaan sahaja.

    Pada masa kini manusia menggunakan troli untuk mengangkat beban yang berat.

    Terdapat pelbagai jenis troli yang berada dipasaran seperti troli industri, toil membawa

    drum, dan troli pelantar. Banyak troli yang telah dihasilkan dengan tugas yang tertentu

    seperti troli membeli belah yang hanya digunakan untuk membawa barng sewaktu

    membeli belah, dan troli membawa tray hanya sesuai membawa tray. Penghasilan

    produk ini melalui pelbagai proses seperti menebuk lubang, proses kisar, menyambung,

    mengukur, mengumpul bahan, mengumpul bahan, dan proses mencantikkan produk.

    Projek ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan troli yang mempunyai pelbagai fungsi

    dan boleh membawa beban maksimum 200kg dan mudah dipasang. Produk ini juga

    mestilah lebih baik daripada produk yang berada dipasaran semasa seperti mempunyai

    penahan dan mudah dihasilkan.

    Sebagai kesimpulan, projek ini telah mencapai objektif dengan jayanya. Projek

    ini telah dijalankan selama tiga belas minggu mengikut langkah-langkah yang terdapat

    dalam laporan seperti kajian produk, rekaan, penghasilan dan sebagainya.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Page

    SUPERVISOR’S DECLARATION ii

    STUDENT’S DECLARATION iii

    DEDICATION iv

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v

    ABSTRACT vi

    ABSTRAK vii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS viii

    LIST OF TABLES xi

    LIST OF FIGURES xii

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Project Name 1

    1.2 Project Synopsis 1

    1.3 Project Background 2

    1.4 Problem Statement 2

    1.5 Project Objective 3

    1.5.1 General Objective 3

    1.5.2 Specific Objective 3

    1.6 Project Scope 4

    1.7 Project Gantt Chart 5

    1.8 Flow Chart 6

    CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

    2.1 Introduction 7

    2.2 Technical Review 8

    2.2.1 Product A 8

    2.2.2 Product B 9 2.2.3 Product C 10

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    2.2.4 Product D 11

    CHAPTER 3 METHDOLOGY

    3.1 Project Flow Chart 12

    3.2 Design 15

    3.3 Drawing 15

    3.4 Sketching And Drawing Selection 16

    3.41 Concept A 17 3.42 Concept B 17 3.43 Concept C 18

    3.5 Concept Generation And Evaluation 19

    3.6 Computer Aided Design Drawing 20

    3.7 Analysis of Design 21

    3.7.1 First Design 21

    3.7.2 Second Design 21

    3.8 Result of Failure Analysis 22 3.8.1 Result of Failure for First Analysis 22

    3.8.2 Result of Failure for Second Analysis 22

    3.9 Bill of Material 23

    3.10 Fabrication Process 24

    3.10.1 Process Involved 24

    3.10.2 Gathering Material 25

    3.10.3 Measuring 25

    3.10.4 Cutting Material 25

    3.10.5 Joining Process 26

    3.10.6 Grinding Process 26

    3.10.7 Drilling Process 27

    3.10.7 Finishing Process 27

    CHAPTER 4 TESTING, RESULT AND DISCUSSION

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    4.1 Final Product 28

    4.1.1 Result after Finishing 28

    4.2 Testing 29

    4.2.1 Test 1(Maximum load of 200kg) 29

    4.2.2 Test 2(Functional Trolley with Extra Feature) 30