Designing significant learning experiences using inquiry

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CCSS Implementation: Designing Significant Learning Experiences Les Bois March 5, 2013 Boise State Writing Project. Designing significant learning experiences using inquiry. Why Inquiry? Being told is the opposite of finding out Jimmy Britton. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<p>Socratic Seminar: What Makes for a Significant Teaching and Learning Experience?</p> <div><p>CCSS Implementation: Designing Significant Learning Experiences Les BoisMarch 5, 2013Boise State Writing Project </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>1</p></div> <div><p>Designing significant learning experiences using inquiry</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>2</p></div> <div><p>Why Inquiry?Being told is the opposite of finding out Jimmy Britton</p><p>Correspondence Concept student thinking matches expert thinking </p><p>Engaging</p><p>Relevant motivating!</p><p>Works for deep understanding AND applicationtransfer to new and authentic situations</p><p>Allows for differentiation </p><p>Meeting the Common Core State Standards</p><p>Authentic collaboration</p><p>(SMITH AND WILHELM, 2002; 2006)</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step 1: Select your standards</p><p>Step 1: Select a rich, complex standard that could serve as the focus of a unit.</p><p>Then select one or two standards from each of the strands that logically fit with your central standard. Pull those cards.</p><p>These standards will serve as the foundation of your unit</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>4</p></div> <div><p>Coding of the standards</p><p> RL.8.1</p><p>R=Reading (writing, speaking/listening, language)</p><p>L=Literature (Informational, historical, science/technical)</p><p>8=8th grade</p><p>1= standard #</p><p>Strand</p><p>Type of text</p><p>Grade level</p><p>Standard number</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step 2: Draft the inquiry question that will frame your unit</p><p>Essential questions invite students into disciplinary conversations and drive their learning throughout the unit. </p><p>Purpose</p><p>Relevance</p><p>Motivation </p><p>Coherence</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>6</p></div> <div><p>Characteristics of essential questions</p><p>Engaging. That is, it offers potential for intriguing students and motivating student learning </p><p>Enduring. That is, it leads to learning big ideas that have value beyond the classroom</p><p>At the heart of a discipline. That is, it is used by practitioners to do the subject, and solve problems and create knowledge in that subject area</p><p>In need of discovery. That is, it involves a background of foundational principles, rich concepts, theories and procedures that require unpacking. </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Elements of good essential questions</p><p>center on major issues, problems, concerns, interests</p><p>relevant to students' lives and to their communities</p><p>open-ended</p><p>non-judgmental</p><p> meaningful and purposeful</p><p>emotive force and intellectual bite</p><p>invite an exploration of ideas</p><p>encourage collaboration among students, teachers, and the community </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>8</p></div> <div><p>Essential questions are not</p><p>Answerable through information retrieval; they require operating on information to see patterns and implications, and often requires developing new sets of data through critical inquiry on the part of students</p><p>Understood in one day or even one week</p><p>Easily agreed upon</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Examples of good essential questions</p><p>In what ways does art reflect culture as well as shape it?</p><p>What are the costs and benefits of genetic engineering?</p><p>Is it ever acceptable to resist an established government?</p><p>What are the pros and cons of technological progress?</p><p>What determines value?</p><p>What makes a good relationship?</p><p>What geometry concepts would be essential to build a new gymnasium, including the ordering of materials?</p><p>How does our culture shape and limit our beliefs and actions?</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>10</p></div> <div><p>Common problems with essential questions</p><p>Merely information retrieval; question does not require creating data or constructing new understanding</p><p>Leading</p><p>Too generic</p><p>Too narrow and specific</p><p>Not intriguing</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>11</p></div> <div><p>Revising essential questions</p><p>Topic: Relationships</p><p>Question: Where do our marriage questions come from? (info retrieval)</p><p>Revision: What makes a good relationship?</p><p>Topic: Civil Rights</p><p>Question: How did we win the fight for civil rights? (begs the question)</p><p>Revision: What are basic human rights and how can they be secured and protected?</p><p>Topic: Survival</p><p>Question: Why is it bad that animals are going extinct? (leading)</p><p>Revision: Who survives?</p><p>Topic: Identity</p><p>Question: Who am I? (generic)</p><p>Revision: Where do I belong? What shapes our view of the world?</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>12</p></div> <div><p>Step 2: Draft an Essential Question</p><p>Which essential question is the most powerful?</p><p>A) How can we be leaders? </p><p>B) What makes a great leader? </p><p>C) Was President Lincoln a good leader? </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step 2: Draft an Essential Question</p><p>Which essential question is the most powerful?</p><p>A) What is a story? </p><p>B) How do stories change us? </p><p>C) What makes a story memorable? </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Karen You will want to change these questions so they fit science and math. </p><p>14</p></div> <div><p>Step #2: Draft an Essential Question</p><p>Which essential question is the most powerful?</p><p>A) What needs to be changed in the world? </p><p>B) Should people change the world? </p><p>C) How can people change the world? </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step #2: Draft an Essential Question</p><p>Which essential question is the most powerful?</p><p>A) Who should have access to the American dream? </p><p>B) Does everyone have an opportunity to achieve the American dream?</p><p>C) What is the American dream? </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step 3: Design the performance task</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>17</p></div> <div><p>Performance Task</p><p>Purposes:</p><p>Summative Assessment Allow students to demonstrate (and deepen!) their understanding of concepts and processes.</p><p>Create an immediate venue for application of learning.</p><p>Establish a goal students are working towards throughout the unit</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>18</p></div> <div><p>Step 3: Design the performance task</p><p> Components of a Performance Task</p>STIMULUSINFORMATION PROCESSINGPRODUCT / PERFORMANCEReadingsVideo clipsAudio clipsGraphs, charts, other visualsResearch topic/issue/ problemetc.Research questionsComprehension questionsSimulated Internet searchetc.Essay, report, story, scriptSpeech with/without graphics, other mediaResponses to embedded constructed response questions.etc.<p>Use 1-2 stimuli for Grade 3. Use up to 5 stimuli for high school. </p><p> Emphasis on stimuli related to science history and social studies</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>19</p></div> <div><p>Step 3: Design the performance task</p><p>Specifics of Task</p><p>Topic: Food production</p><p>Product/Performance: Argument</p><p>Audience: Idaho Statesman readers</p><p>Purpose: Argue for or against current system of food production</p><p>Speaker/Role: Concerned citizen whose future is impacted </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>20</p></div> <div><p>Performance task template</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>21</p></div> <div><p>Step 4: Select a frontloading activity to activate students prior knowledge</p><p>Why frontload?</p><p>Supports students in the acquisition of new content</p><p>Provides motivation</p><p>Builds sense of purpose</p><p>Helps students make critical connections to content</p><p>Activates procedural knowledge</p><p>Makes material more personal and accessible</p><p>Helps prepare students for whats to come</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>22</p></div> <div><p>Step 4: Select a frontloading activity to activate students prior knowledge</p><p>KWL chart</p><p>Ranking scenarios</p><p>Opinionaire</p><p>Quick writes</p><p>Anticipation Guide</p><p>List, group. label</p><p>Silent discussion</p><p>Etc.</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>23</p></div> <div><p>Frontloading example: See, Think, Wonder</p><p>What do you See?</p><p>I see girls yelling.</p><p>What are you thinking?</p><p>Why are they yelling at the</p><p> girl in front?</p><p>What are you wondering about?</p><p>I wonder how the girl in front feels? </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Frontloading example: Frayer Model</p> Square<p> Square</p><p>SQUARE</p><p>A shape with </p><p>4 sides and 4 lines</p><p>My bedroom wall</p><p>Table top</p><p>Sticky note</p><p>American cheese slices</p><p>4 lines</p><p>4 sides</p><p>4 corners</p><p>Parallel lines</p><p>Cube</p><p>Ball</p><p>Stop sign</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Frontloading example: Opinionaire</p><p>Opinionnaires are excellent frontloading devices because students are required to make and justify decisions regarding the inquiry. This requires activating their background beliefs and experiences. They can return to the opinionnaire through the unit to discuss the responses of various characters, authors, or experts. As they do, they are practicing making inferences, seeing connections, justifying conclusions, and creating mini-arguments using data and interpretive warrants all necessary to develop informed positions and afford true understanding. </p><p>1. The Smiths bought a new swing set for their children and put it near the back edge of their property. The Jones, who lived in the lot behind them, installed a six-foot wooden fence along the back border so they would not have to see the swingset or listen to the children. If they saw the Smiths walking in the street, however, the Jones would wave. Are the Jones good members of the community?</p><p>Yes ___ No ___ Criterion: _____________________________________________________________________________________</p><p>2. Mrs. Kravitz is concerned. Her new neighbor name unknown has a motorcycle and wears all black leather. He sports a beard, wears sunglasses on cloudy days as well as sunny ones and sometimes roars home at odd hours of the night. Out of concern for herself and her other neighbors, Mrs. Kravitz keeps a close eye on the motorcyclist by gazing out her window every chance she gets. Is Mrs. Kravitz a good member of her comminity?</p><p>Yes ___ No ___ Criterion: _____________________________________________________________________</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Frontloading: Opinionaire</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Step 5: Plan instructional sequence</p><p>Provide extended practice in miniature to help students gain practical expert knowledge, especially through meaningful social activity. Principles of sequencing: </p><p>Easy to Hard </p><p>Immediate to Imagined</p><p>Close to Home to Far From Home</p><p>Familiar to Unfamiliar</p><p>Oral to Written</p><p>Short to Long</p><p>Scaffolded/Supported to Independent</p><p>Collaborative and Socially Supported to Individual</p><p>Concrete to Abstract</p><p>Visually Supported to Purely Textual </p><p>(Ideas for sequencing from Wilhelm, 2007; Smith and Wilhelm, 2003; Wilhelm, Baker and Hackett, 2001)</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>28</p></div> <div><p>Instructional Strategy Bank</p><p>The instructional strategy bank can be found on our wikispaces page. It has links, descriptions and examples.</p><p>http://lesboiscommoncore.wikispaces.com/</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Romeo and Juliet UnitBefore the CCSS</p><p>9.LA.2.3.2 Determine characters traits by what the characters say about themselves in narration, dialogue, and soliloquy.</p><p>Introduce Shakespeare by viewing a biography of his life</p><p>Read selected sonnets</p><p>Using the sonnet template, write a sonnet of your own</p><p>Translate and mark iambic pentameter in sonnets</p><p>Read Romeo and Juliet.</p><p>Take quiz over Act I etc</p><p>Using Romeos soliloquy in Act III list the character traits he reveals.</p><p>Write an essay and compare and contrast two themes found in R &amp; J (dark/light; love/hate; fate/free will; secrets/public knowledge)</p><p>Review for EOC</p><p>Knowledge/Comprehension (9)</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Healthy Relationships UnitAfter the CCSS</p><p>Essential Question: What defines a healthy relationship between friends, parents girlfriends/boyfriends?</p><p>Frontload: Prioritize relationship assets in groups. Support your groups decisions with specific examples.</p><p>Using only the Prologue to Act I, make inferences about the culture and the time of the play. What can you expect from this piece? What assumptions does the chorus make about the audience?</p><p>View Act I of Zefferelis version of Romeo and Juliet. In groups, summarize. Compare this to Act I of the play.</p><p>Assess the quality of the relationship Romeo and Juliet have during Act III. </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>culture and the time of the play. What can you expect form this piece? What assumptions does the chorus make about the audience?</p><p>View Act I of Zefferelis version of Romeo and Juliet. In groups, summarize. Compare this to Act I of the play</p><p>Assess the quality of the relationship Romeo and Juliet have during Act III. </p><p>Justify Lord Capulets choice of Paris a a husband for Juliet in groups. Support your justifications with inferences and evidence form the play</p><p>Analyze how Juliet develops over the course of the play using her interactions with with other characters as well as specific soliloquies. How does her characters development advance themes of the play.</p><p>Judge the effectiveness of asides in character development in Acts II and III</p><p>Argue for the validity or invalidity of teenage love using concepts about relationships and ideas from Romeo and Juliet (Wilhelm).</p><p>Prioritize your own Healthy Relationship requirements. What are your must have? Are they negotiable? </p><p>Culminating Project: Create a multi modal portfolio (video, art, writing) which answers the essential question for you. What determines a healthy relationship for you?</p><p>31</p></div> <div><p>Healthy Relationships UnitAfter the CCSS</p><p>Justify Lord Capulets choice of Paris a a husband for Juliet in groups. Support your justifications with inferences and evidence from the play.</p><p>Analyze how Juliet develops over the course of the play using her interactions with with other characters as well as specific soliloquies. How does her characters development advance themes of the play?</p><p>Judge the effectiveness of asides in character development in Acts II and III.</p><p>Argue for the validity or invalidity of teenage love using concepts about relationships and ideas from Romeo and Juliet.</p><p>Prioritize your own healthy relationship requirements. What are your must haves? Are they negotiable? </p><p>Culminating Project: Create a multi modal portfolio (video, art, writing) which answers the essential question for you. What defines a healthy relationship for you?</p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>View Act I of Zefferelis version of Romeo and Juliet. In groups, summarize. Compare this to Act I of the play</p><p>Assess the quality of the relationship Romeo and Juliet have during Act III. </p><p>Justify Lord Capulets choice of Paris a a husband for Juliet in groups. Support your justifications with inferences and evidence form the play</p><p>Analyze how Juliet develops over the course of the play using her interactions with with other characters as well as specific soliloquies. How does her characters development advance themes of the play.</p><p>Judge the effectiveness of asides in character development in Acts II and III</p><p>Argue for the validity or invalidity of teenage love using concepts about relationships and ideas from Romeo and Juliet (Wilhelm).</p><p>Prioritize your own Healthy Relationship requirements. What are your must have? Are they negotiable? </p><p>Culminating Project: Create a multi modal portfolio (video, art, writing) which answers the essential question for you. What determines a healthy relationship for you?</p><p>32</p></div> <div><p>Africa UnitBefore the CCSS</p><p>Watch a video about ancient Timbuktu. Answer questions.</p><p>Read the textbook chapter about colonialism in Africa. </p><p>Listen to a lecture about colonialism in Africa. </p><p>Take a quiz. </p><p>Listen to a about the African slave trade. </p><p>Take a quiz in which students label a map with the slave trade.</p><p>Take a multiple choice and short answer test. </p></div> <div><p>+</p></div> <div><p>Set essential question: What defines a healthy relationship between friends, parents girlfriends/boyfriends?</p><p>Frontload: Prioritize relationship assets in groups. Support your groups decisions with specific examples </p><p>Using only the Prologue to Act I, make inferences about the culture and the time of the play. What can you expect form this piece? What assumptions does the chorus make about the audience?</p><p>View Act I of Zefferelis version of Romeo and Juliet. In groups, summarize. Compare this to Act I of the play</p><p>Assess the quality of the relationship Romeo and Juliet have during Act III. </p><p>Justify Lord Capulets choice of Paris a a husband for Juliet in groups. Support your justifications with inferences and evidence form...</p></div>

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